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For the 2012 Bengali film, see Bedroom (film). For the 2010 American film, see Bedrooms (film).
The bedroom in the home of an Alabama miner, 1946
An attic bedroom in Skóga, Iceland
A bedroom in the Deanery, Bryn Mawr College
An undergraduate's bedroom at Girton College, University of Cambridge

A bedroom is a room of a house, mansion, hotel, student residence, or apartment where people sleep. A typical Western bedroom contains as bedroom furniture one or two beds (ranging from a crib for an infant, a small twin bed for a single person, twin beds for two people, to a king-size bed for a couple), a clothes closet, a nightstand, and a dresser (dressing table). Except in bungalows or one-storey motels, bedrooms are usually on one of the floors of a dwelling that is above ground level.

Bedrooms typically have a door for privacy (in some cases lockable from inside) and a window for ventilation. In larger bedrooms, a small desk and chair or an upholstered chair and a chest of drawers may also be used. In Western countries, some large bedrooms, called master bedrooms, may also contain a bathroom. Where space allows bedrooms may also have televisions and / or video players.

In larger Victorian houses it was common to have accessible from the bedroom a boudoir for the lady of the house and a dressing room for the gentleman.[1] Attic bedrooms exist in some houses; since they are only separated from the outside air by the roof they are typically cold in winter and may be too hot in summer. The slope of the rafters supporting a pitched roof also makes them inconvenient. In houses where servants were living in they often used attic bedrooms.

Modern bedrooms often have central heating, Older bedrooms in countries with cool or cold climates often had built-in fireplaces. These were not normally lit, but provided for times when a sick person or invalid was occupying the bedroom.


Royal bedroom in the Residenz Palace, Munich, Bavaria
Bedroom in Arles; Vincent van Gogh, 1889

Furniture and other items in bedrooms vary greatly, depending on taste, local traditions and the socioeconomic status of an individual. For instance, a master bedroom may include a bed of a specific size (double, king or queen-sized); one or more dressers (or perhaps, a wardrobe armoire); a nightstand; one or more closets; and carpeting. Built-in closets are less common in Europe than in North America; thus there is greater use of freestanding wardrobes or armoires in Europe.

An individual’s bedroom is a reflection of their personality, as well as social class and socioeconomic status, and is unique to each person. The various television series of Come Dine with Me expose to view some of the bedrooms of the hosts of particular programmes both to the guests and to those who choose to watch. However, there are certain items that are common in most bedrooms. Mattresses usually have a bed set to raise the mattress off the floor and the bed often provides some decoration. There are many different types of mattresses.

In the 14th century the lower class slept on mattresses that were stuffed with straw. During the 16th century mattresses stuffed with feathers started to gain popularity, with those who could afford them. The common person was doing well if he could buy a mattress after seven years of marriage.[2] In the 18th century cotton and wool started to become more common. The first coil spring mattress wasn’t invented until 1871.[3] The most common and most purchased mattress is the innerspring mattress. The variety of choices range from relatively soft to a rather firm mattress. A bedroom may have bunk beds if more than one person share a room. A chamber pot kept under the bed or in a nightstand was usual in the period before modern domestic plumbing and bathrooms in dwellings.

Night stands are also popular. They are used to put various items on, such as an alarm clock or a small lamp. In the times before bathrooms existed in dwellings bedrooms often contained a washstand for tasks of personal hygiene. In the 2010s, having a television in a bedroom is fairly common as well. 43% of American children from ages 3 to 4 have a television in their bedrooms.[4] Along with televisions many bedrooms also have computers, video game consoles, and a desk to do work. In the late 20th century and early 21st century the bedroom became a more social environment and people[who?] started to spend a lot more time in their bedrooms than in the past.

Bedding used in northern Europe (especially in Scandinavia) is significantly different from that used in North America and other parts of Europe. In Japan futons are common.[citation needed]

In addition to a bed (or, if shared by two or more children, a bunk bed), a child's bedroom may include a small closet or dressers, a toy box or computer game console, bookcase or other items.

Modern bedrooms[edit]

A modern Western bedroom in England
A hotel bedroom in Venice

Many houses in North America have at least two bedrooms—usually a master bedroom and one or more bedrooms for either the children or guests.

In some jurisdictions there are basic features (such as a closet and a "means of egress") that a room must have in order to legally qualify as a bedroom. In many states, such as Alaska, bedrooms are not required to have closets and must instead meet minimum size requirements.

A closet by definition is a small space used to store things. In a bedroom, a closet is most commonly used for clothes and other small personal items that one may have. Walk in closets are more popular today and vary in size. However, in the past wardrobes have been the most prominent. A wardrobe is a tall rectangular shaped cabinet that clothes can be stored or hung in. Clothes are also kept in a dresser. Typically nicer clothes are kept in the closet because they can be hung up while leisure clothing and undergarments are stored in the dresser.

In buildings with multiple self-contained housing units (e.g., apartments), the number of bedrooms varies widely. While many such units have at least one bedroom—frequently, these units have at least two—some of these units may not have a specific room dedicated for use as a bedroom. (These units may be known by various names, including studio, efficiency, bedsit, and others.)

Sometimes, a master bedroom is connected to a dedicated bathroom, often called an ensuite.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Yorke, Trevor (2005) The Victorian House Explained. Newbury: Countryside Books ISBN 9781846748233; p. 105
  2. ^ "Beds in Late Medieval and Tudor Times". Beds in Medieval and Tudor Times. Old and Interesting. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Beds in Late Medieval and Tudor Times". Beds in Medieval and Tudor Times. Old and Interesting. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Manier, Jeremy (7 May 2007). "Many Young Kids Have TV in Their Bedrooms". Young Kids have TV's in Their Bedrooms (The Seattle Times). Retrieved 10 November 2011.