Bedworth

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Bedworth
Bedworth civic hall 30s07.JPG
Bedworth town centre and civic hall
Bedworth is located in Warwickshire
Bedworth
Bedworth
Bedworth shown within Warwickshire
Population 30,648 (2011)
OS grid reference SP3586
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BEDWORTH
Postcode district CV12
Dialling code 024
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire
52°28′30″N 1°28′37″W / 52.475°N 1.477°W / 52.475; -1.477Coordinates: 52°28′30″N 1°28′37″W / 52.475°N 1.477°W / 52.475; -1.477

Bedworth is a market town in the borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth, Warwickshire, England.[1] It is situated between Coventry, 6 miles (10 km) to the south, and Nuneaton, 3.5 miles (6 km) to the north. In the 2011 census the town had a population of 30,438.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bedworth lies 101 miles (163 km) northwest of London, 19 miles (31 km) east of Birmingham and 17 miles (27 km) north northeast of the county town of Warwick.

Bedworth has six main suburban districts, namely Collycroft, Mount Pleasant, Bedworth Heath, Coalpit Field, Goodyers End and Exhall. Exhall is a generic name for the area surrounding junction 3 of the M6 motorway, comprising parts of both Bedworth and Coventry. Much of what is now considered Exhall within south Bedworth is also referred to as Hayes Green by locals and on older maps of the area.

The River Sowe rises in Bedworth flowing through Exhall, northern and eastern Coventry, Baginton and Stoneleigh, before joining the River Avon south of Stoneleigh.[3][4][5]

History[edit]

Originally a small market town with Saxon origins, Bedworth was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.[6] Bedworth developed into an industrial town in the 18th and 19th centuries, due largely to coal mining and the overspill of ribbon weaving and textile industries from nearby Coventry. The ribbon weaving industry had been introduced to the area by French Hugenot immigrants in the 18th century and thrived for nearly a century, until it was largely wiped out in the 1860s following the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty which removed tariffs on imported French silks, causing enormous hardship to the town. Hat making however grew and largely replaced the ribbon trade, and lasted until the 1950s.[7][8]

The opening of the Coventry Canal in 1789 and later, the railway in 1850 enhanced the town's growth.[8]

Bedworth was for many years primarily a coal mining town: Located on the Warwickshire Coalfield, coal mining in the area was recorded as early as the 13th century. The industry peaked in 1939 when there were 20 pits in the Bedworth area producing over 5.8 million tons of coal. The last colliery in Bedworth, Newdigate Colliery closed in 1982, and Coventry Colliery on the edge of the town closed in 1991.[7] In the middle of the 19th century, the large number of public houses, and thirsty miners lead to the town being called 'Black Bedworth'.

From 1894 Bedworth was a civil parish within the Foleshill Rural District. In 1928 Bedworth was incorporated as an urban district in its own right.[9] In 1932 the urban district was enlarged by the addition of Exhall and parts of Foleshill, Astley and Walsgrave on Sowe parishes.[10] It was further enlarged in 1938 by the addition of Bulkington. In 1974 the Bedworth Urban District was merged with the borough of Nuneaton to create the borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth.[11]

Features[edit]

Nicholas Chamberlaine Almshouses

The most notable buildings in Bedworth are the Nicholas Chamberlaine Almshouses on All Saints' Square in the town centre, which are built in Tudor style and date from 1840,[6] having been funded by a legacy from the local benefactor Nicholas Chamberlaine (1632–1715) through his will.

The main venue in Bedworth is the Bedworth Civic Hall which has an attached arts centre.

The Bedworth water tower is probably the most noticeable landmark building in Bedworth, built in the 1880s in the then fashionable style of an Italian campanile, it is visible from many miles around. It used to provide drinking water for the houses and the mining facilities. It was part of the 19th century development of the water supply infrastructure following the 1854 cholera outbreak in London's Soho district that was identified by Dr. John Snow as originating from a contaminated water pump, (this can be regarded as a founding event of the science of epidemiology) and the summer 1858 'Great Stink' in London. The tower was also home to a pair of peregrine falcons in 2006,[12] before its 2012 residential redevelopment.

All Saints' Square – church at the far end. The almshouses are to the left out of picture.
Bridge No 13, Coventry Canal, Bedworth Hill Bridge. The Act of Parliament for construction of the Coventry Canal under James Brindley was passed in 1768, and runs via Nuneaton and Atherstone to Fradley Junction near Lichfield. Completed in 1789.
Former topshops. They were a common feature in Bedworth and Coventry's textiles industry during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The lower two floors served as the weaver's private dwelling, while the upper floor acted as the workplace. This photograph clearly shows how the windows on the top floor were once much bigger, to allow for maximum daylight.

Along Mill Street until recently were rows of former weavers' cottages which were once inhabited by Huguenot weavers.[6] Some of these were still used as shops, although most had been allowed to become derelict. They have been demolished as part of the redevelopment of Tesco. The majority of the town centre was built in the post-war period, and has all the hallmarks of such a development. The town centre itself contains some of the usual high street retail names as well as many charity, card shops and banks.

Domestic appliance insurer Domestic & General has offices in the town centre and provides substantial employment for the community.

Several years ago Bedworth Kwik Save (a 1960s steel re-enforced concrete building with drive-on roof parking, known locally as the Hypermarket – the original name), was redeveloped into a new Aldi store. Located next to it is a Home Bargains store. Bedworth's Tesco which was a similar type of building to Kwik Save, but in a brick faced and arched windowed 1970s style, closed in January 2011[13] and was redeveloped into a steel framed Tesco Xtra store. Parking is at ground level, the store is on the first floor, with delivery access up a ramp to the first floor. It opened on 5 December 2011.

Bedworth has many pubs and working men's clubs. These include, but are not limited to: the Bear and Ragged Staff (a Wetherspoon pub), the White Horse, the Miners Arms, the Mount Pleasant, the Black Horse, the Black Bank, Saunders Hall, Collycroft Working Men's Club, Bedworth Liberal Club, Bedworth Conservative Club, the Griffin Inn, the Newdigate Arms, the Cross Keys, the Collycroft Goose (now closed), the Royal Oak, the Prince of Wales, JB's and Littleworks (reopened as Jack's Entertainment Club). Although, the White Swan, the British Queen, the Navigation, the Cricketers Arms, the Woolpack, the Corner Pin (demolished vacant site), the Lord Raglan – Exhall (since demolished as of late 2012 to become a Co-Op), the Orchard (converted to a Sainsbury's Local store)[14] and others have closed, in line with national trends.

Bedworth also has a skate park built in the Miners' Welfare Park in 2001 after campaigning by local youngsters. Previous to this, most youngsters would skate in the town centre, or in the market area, much to the annoyance of residents and the local police.

A new play area, located on the site of the previous aviary and paddling pool near the cricket ground within the park, was dedicated in June 2012 to Sergeant Simon 'Val' Valentine. He was born and brought up in Bedworth, a soldier of 2nd Btn Royal Regiment of Fusiliers who lost his life in August 2009 while serving his country in Helmand Province, Afghanistan.[15] The town centre was closed and thousands of townspeople paid their respects at Sergeant Valentine's funeral in 2009.[16]

Religion[edit]

Church of England[edit]

The town centre is dominated by All Saints' Parish Church (Church of England), which was rebuilt in the late 19th century of Runcorn stone in the Decorated style. The church has a square bell tower from the original church thought to date from 1450 which houses the town clock (1817), and a peal of eight bells, which are rung for morning services and for special occasions. The church has several fine stained glass windows; of particular note, the north aisle window is a rare example of the work of Mr. H. Clarke depicting St Peter, St Paul, St Luke and St John. All Saints' was reordered in 2000 to include a narthex, in which is held a coffee morning on Friday mornings. The church is open for visitors each morning (Monday – Friday 10 am – 12 noon). Sunday services are 9 am for Holy Communion, 11 am for family worship and 6 pm for evening worship.

Roman Catholic[edit]

St. Francis of Assisi Roman Catholic Church (a prominent building in the town centre) was originally opened in June 1883. Casting a tentative shadow over Rye Piece (a little side-street in the middle of the town), it was built at a time when Catholics were unfortunately still viewed with suspicion. It was a modest, oblong structure built in traditional Victorian redbrick with a small schoolroom running along the west side. The money to build it was raised by the priest, Fr Pius, not entirely from his sparse congregation but by simply begging all over the country. Funds for further development were supplemented by two long-running novenas dedicated to St Peter of Alcantara and St Francis Xavier.

In 1894 a school was built close to the church; whilst initially big enough to accommodate some 150 pupils aged from 4 to 14 years, it was eventually superseded by a new school. It is now a nursery.

The church itself was extended finally into its present form to be consecrated on 4 September 1923 and one of the hundreds of Catholic churches built following the Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829. A memorial to all the dedicated priests and parishioners of the past, particularly Fr Francis (1892–1912). He was a legend in his own lifetime whose French background undoubtedly influenced the unique character of the church. He acquired land around the church to build the new school, the presbytery, to build social housing and he bought an old brewery to serve as a social club. So the Catholic community which had first congregated in a disused shop in one of Bedworth's many yards, then a small chapel, finally had its own church, yet with the sanctuary at the west end and opposite to the original. Today it is in need of repair and modernisation to conform to health and safety legislation.

During its long life the church has survived wars and recession, the upheavals of Vatican II, town redevelopment and the ebb and flow of congregations and priests. Now it stands proudly and prominently, a Victorian gem on the busy Rye Piece ring road surrounded by beautiful gardens and enhanced by a Calvary and a grotto in honour of Our Lady of Lourdes.

Other Christian denominations[edit]

There are also, Bedworth Methodist Church, and the United Reformed Church in Mill Street in the town centre, Bedworth Baptist Church on Coventry Road near the football ground as well as Life Church on Bulkington Road. A Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses is in Deronda Close, behind The Newdigate Arms. Zion Baptist Church is on Newdigate Road and is a striking 1977 replacement of the original 1796 chapel on High Street, which was demolished to make way for the Civic Centre (See external links.)

Sport and leisure[edit]

The Oval Football Ground, home of Bedworth United.

Bedworth has a non-League football team Bedworth United F.C. who play at the Oval Ground.

Armistice Day[edit]

Every year Armistice Day 11 November is well attended by the population, who gather in the town to watch the veterans' armistice parade that concludes with the laying of poppy wreaths at the war memorial, to pay their respects to those who fought and died in the armed forces. Local youth groups like the Girls' Brigade, and cadets march through the town as part of the parade, with bands playing commemorative music. Second World War Douglas C-47 Skytrain 'Dakota' military transport aircraft, also known as the civilian version Douglas DC-3, scatter remembrance poppy petals over the town, aiming at the war memorial if the weather permits. Before 2005 Spitfire fighters were used.

The flypasts were featured on the national TV news on remembrance days, but they were banned on health and safety grounds from low flying over an urban area.

Bedworth chose to keep 11 November as Armistice Day, even after 1939, when the rest of the country moved to the nearest Sunday. In more recent times, the tradition was kept up by Frank Parsons. The former Royal Marine died in 2011,[17] but his work over the previous 25 years not only kept Bedworth's tradition - unique in the United Kingdom - alive, but also lent significant weight to the campaign to move Remembrance Day back to 11 November.

Transport[edit]

The bridge for the M6, Exhall

Road[edit]

Bedworth has good transport links being situated immediately north of the M6 motorway at junction 3, with access via several slip roads onto the A444 dual carriageway bypass. The A444 also provides fast access to the Ricoh Arena and shopping centre and Coventry city centre.

Rail[edit]

Bedworth is also served by the Coventry to Nuneaton railway line. The current Bedworth railway station was opened in 1988 after the original station was closed in the 1960s as part of the Beeching Axe.

Buses[edit]

Bus services to the city centre of Coventry are operated competitively by Stagecoach in Warwickshire and National Express Coventry. Stagecoach also provides direct services to Nuneaton, Bulkington, Keresley, Atherstone, Hinckley & Leicester and a direct service to the University Hospital in Walsgrave, Coventry is provided by Travel de Courcey.

Waterways[edit]

The Coventry Canal also runs through the town.

Schools[edit]

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

The local radio stations are:

Written media[edit]

The main local newspapers are:

  • The Nuneaton News (originally known as the Evening News upon launch and then the Heartland Evening News): Serving the whole of north Warwickshire and some border areas in Leicestershire, the paper is owned by Local World. The newspaper is published on weekdays. The Wednesday edition is circulated free throughout the town, whereas the daily paper on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday are paid. It was founded in 1992, following the decision of the Tribune's publisher to switch to a weekly freesheet.
  • The Tribune (formerly the People's Tribune (1895), Midland Counties Tribune (1903) and Nuneaton Evening Tribune (1957)): It is owned by Trinity Mirror's Coventry Newspapers (publisher of the Coventry Telegraph). Covering 'northern Warwickshire' (particularly Bedworth, Atherstone & Nuneaton), the free paper is available weekly to collect at many newsagents in the area on a Thursday or Friday. In September 2015 The Tribune ceased publication. The last edition was published on Thursday 24 September.[18]
  • The Nuneaton Telegraph; a localised sub-edition of the Coventry Telegraph, it was launched in 1992 (when the aforementioned Tribune switched from daily to weekly production).

Television news[edit]

The Nuneaton area is covered on regional TV News by:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer Map 232 : Nuneaton & Tamworth: (1:25 000) :ISBN 0 319 46404 0
  2. ^ "BEDWORTH in Warwickshire (West Midlands) Built-up Area Subdivision". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 11 March 2018. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Idler's Quest: The River Sowe in Coventry". Idlersquest.blogspot.co.uk. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Sowe Valley, Coventry [163 photos] :: Geograph Britain and Ireland". Geograph.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Allen, Geoff, (2000) Warwickshire Towns & Villages, ISBN 1-85058-642-X
  7. ^ a b "About Bedworth". Bedworth Society. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  8. ^ a b Slater, Terry (1981) A History of Warwickshire, ISBN 0-85033-416-0
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 5 November 2006. 
  10. ^ "Parishes: Bedworth". British History Online. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "Bedworth Timeline". Bedworth Society. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  12. ^ Evans, Steve (6 July 2006). "Bird of prey released back into the wild". Coventry Evening Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  13. ^ "Nuneaton latest news". Iccoventry.icnetwork.co.uk. 29 June 2011. Archived from the original on 20 April 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  14. ^ Birch, Mort (23 October 2012). "New convenience store plans for Bedworth pub". Nuneaton News. Archived from the original on 28 October 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Play area to be dedicated to local hero in Bedworth | Central - ITV News". Itv.com. 16 June 2012. Archived from the original on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Thousands line streets for murdered soldier". Birmingham Post. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  18. ^ Lambourne, Helen. "Trinity Mirror to axe 120-year-old Nuneaton Tribune - Journalism News from". HoldtheFrontPage. Archived from the original on 20 April 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "David Ison – BBC Presenter & Producer". davidison.co.uk. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "BBC - Radio 1 - Home". www.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 October 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 

External links[edit]