Beecher Hall, Illinois College
Beecher Hall from the northeast
|Location||Illinois College campus,
|Area||1 acre (0.40 ha)|
|Architectural style||Early Republic, Late Georgian|
|NRHP Reference #||74000769|
|Added to NRHP||April 8, 1974|
Beecher Hall is the oldest building on the campus of Illinois College in Jacksonville, Illinois. Built in 1829-30, it was the first college building erected in the state of Illinois. The building has served many functions for Illinois College, including housing the first medical school in Illinois in 1843. It is named after the first president of Illinois College, Edward Beecher. Beecher Hall is recognized by the National Park Service as being a stop on the Underground Railroad. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Chartered in 1829, Illinois College was one of the first three colleges chartered in Illinois. It began constructing Beecher Hall the same year, and its first classes took place there on January 4, 1830, before the building was even finished. The college named its first building for its first president, Dr. Edward Beecher, the brother of abolitionist Henry Ward Beecher and author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Beecher Hall served in several capacities for the school through the years, including a dormitory, a library, a fraternity house, and a meeting place for campus literary societies. The building also housed the college's medical school, the first of its kind in Illinois, from 1843 to its discontinuation in 1848.
Like his siblings, Edward Beecher was an active abolitionist, and Illinois College was the de facto headquarters of Illinois' antislavery movement. As part of the school's activism, Beecher Hall was a stop on the Underground Railroad. As many Central Illinois residents were pro-slavery before the Civil War, the school and its students faced criticism and threats for its participation in the abolition movement. One student, Samuel Willard, was fined for his participation in freeing an escaped slave. Beecher Hall is now part of the National Park Service's Network to Freedom, an association of historic sites linked to the Underground Railroad.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "BUILD YOUR OWN ILLINOIS HISTORIC BUILDING MODELS". Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- Kren, Robert. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Beecher Hall" (PDF). Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Illinois College--Beecher Hall (Chapel) and the site of the College Building (1832-1852)". Network to Freedom. National Park Service. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Post cards feature colleges". The Madison Courier. Retrieved 2011-07-07.