Beena marriage

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Beena is a form of marriage used in pre-Islamic Arabia, in which a wife would own a tent of her own, within which she retained complete independence from her husband, according to William Robertson Smith.[1] The term was suggested by John Ferguson McLennan, who noted that in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) the marriage when a husband goes to live in the wife's village is called "beena marriage", and suggested to use "beena" as a general term for this kind of marriage.[2] The social system by which a couple lives with or near the wife's family is known by anthropologists as matrilocality.


  1. ^ Smith, p. 167
  2. ^ Smith, pp. 70, 71