Beenleigh, Queensland

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Beenleigh
City of LoganQueensland
George Road roundabout, Beenleigh.jpg
George Road roundabout
Beenleigh is located in Queensland
Beenleigh
Beenleigh
Coordinates27°42′58″S 153°12′08″E / 27.7161°S 153.2022°E / -27.7161; 153.2022 (Beenleigh (town centre))Coordinates: 27°42′58″S 153°12′08″E / 27.7161°S 153.2022°E / -27.7161; 153.2022 (Beenleigh (town centre))
Population8,252 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,072/km2 (2,776/sq mi)
Established1866
Postcode(s)4207
Area7.7 km2 (3.0 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC)
Location
LGA(s)Logan City
State electorate(s)Macalister
Federal Division(s)Forde
Suburbs around Beenleigh:
Loganholme Loganholme Eagleby
Holmview Beenleigh Eagleby
Bahrs Scrub Mount Warren Park Stapylton
Yatala

Beenleigh is a town and suburb in the City of Logan, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census, Beenleigh had a population of 8,252 people.[1]

A government survey for the new town was conducted in 1866. The town is the terminus for the Beenleigh railway line, which first opened in 1885 and a stop on the South Coast railway line, which reached Southport in 1889. Beenleigh was the administrative centre of the former Shire of Albert. It is known for the heritage-listed tourist attraction called the Beenleigh Artisan Distillery.

Geography[edit]

Beenleigh and adjoining suburbs are located near the confluence of the Logan and Albert Rivers. The residential and urban suburb lies southwest of the Pacific Motorway after it crosses the Logan River and is crossed by the Gold Coast railway line. Logan River Parklands contain a boat ramp, barbeques, and a picnic area.[4] Whilst it was once a stand-alone town built on sugar and home to Australia's oldest rum distillery built in 1864,[5] increasing development in South East Queensland since the 1980s has seen it enveloped by Brisbane and the Gold Coast.

History[edit]

Main Street circa 1893
Beenleigh Post Office, circa 1929
An aerial view of Beenleigh in 1954 (This is a mirror-image of the true aerial view.)
Beenleigh State School, 1897

Beenleigh is situated in the Bundjalung traditional Aboriginal country.[6] The Yugambeh people are custodians within the traditional Aboriginal Bundjalung country, antedating European settlement by tens of thousands of years. Their Yugambeh language and heritage survive and is a testament to the Yugambeh Museum located in the town. Yugembah (also known as Yugumbir, Jugambel, Jugambeir, Jugumbir, Jukam, Jukamba) is one of the Australian Aboriginal languages in areas that include the Beenleigh, Beaudesert, Gold Coast, Logan, Scenic Rim, Albert River, Coolangatta, Coomera, Logan River, Pimpama, Tamborine and Tweed River Valley, within the local government boundaries of the City of Gold Coast, City of Logan, Scenic Rim Regional Council and the Tweed River Valley.[7]

Beenleigh was first colonised in the 1860s, with the first permanent European settlement occurring by John Davy and Frank Gooding, who named their sugarcane plantation Beenleigh in memory of their family estate in Devonshire, England.[5]

William Fryar surveyed the Town of Beenleigh in July 1866.[2]

The first sugarcane mill was built in 1867, and by 1885, another 29 were operational.[5]

Beenleigh Post Office opened on 1 August 1867.[8]

Beenleigh State School was opened on 6 February 1871.[9] From 1954 to 1962 it also had a secondary department.[10] From 4 February 1974 to 1980 the school had an Opportunity Class to provide special education.[10]

St George's Anglican Church was officially opened on Thursday 16 September 1875.[11][12][13] A second St George's was built next door at 10 Tansey Street in 1964. In 1981 the first church building was moved to its present site at the Beenleigh Historical Village in Main Street (27°43′25″S 153°12′48″E / 27.7235°S 153.2133°E / -27.7235; 153.2133 (First St George's Anglican Church (rellocated))) and has been repaired.[14]

On 3 December 1885, 85 resubdivided allotments of "Beenleigh Township Estate" were advertised to be auctioned by J.R. Dickson and Co. on 26 December 1885. A map advertising the auction states that the Estate was close to the Beenleigh Railway Station and was the property of the late Peter Benz.[15][16]

In October 1886, a well-known property on the Albert River owned by W. K. Witty called "Yellowwood Estate" was advertised for subdivision into suitable sized farms and then auctioned by Simon Fraser & Son.[17] A map advertising the auction states that 40 choice farms were available and the auction was to be held on Saturday 27 November at the Palm's Hotel, Beenleigh.[18]

Commercial dairying in the area began in 1889.[19]

In June 1922, 12 portions of farm land located on the Logan River were advertised to be auctioned by Cameron Bros Auctioneers.[20] A map advertising the auction states that the land was within easy reach of Cleveland Railway Station and Beenleigh, and that there was a steamer service weekly. The land was advertised as suitable for growing arrowroot and sugarcane and magnificent for dairying.[21]

Beenleigh Memorial Park, 2014

The Beenleigh Memorial Park was dedicated on 21 August 1925.[22]

The abattoir was established in 1952 for beef production, and is still one of the largest industries in Beenleigh.[23] Beenleigh State High School opened on 29 January 1963.[9] Beenleigh Special School opened on 1 January 1981.[9]

St Joseph's Tobruk Memorial School opened on 25 October 1953.[10]

Beenleigh State High School opened on 29 Jan 1963, replacing the secondary department at Beenleigh State School.[10]

Beenleigh Special School opened in January 1981, replacing the opportunity class at Beenleigh State School.[10]

Trinity College opened on 25 January 1982.[10]

Beenleigh was the centre of the Shire of Albert, which also included the suburbs of Eagleby, Alberton, Mt Warren Park, Windaroo, Edens Landing, Holmview, Pimpama, and Jacobs Well. In 1995, Albert Shire was dissolved and Beenleigh and the surrounding suburbs were then amalgamated into City of Gold Coast. In 2008, these suburbs were transferred from Gold Coast City to City of Logan (despite protests from locals, who voted against being part of Logan).[24]

In the 2016 census, Beenleigh had a population of 8,252 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Beenleigh has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Amentities[edit]

Beenleigh Mitre 10 MEGA

Still predominately a self-sufficient town with expanding retail and commercial areas close by, Beenleigh is home to three shopping centres with Coles Supermarkets, Woolworths, Big W, Aldi, and a Mitre 10 MEGA.

At the heart of Beenleigh stands the Southern District Court complex, first established in 1871. For many years, the court was constituted solely of three magistrates; this changed with the allocation of a permanent sitting District Court of Queensland Judge in 1998. The first presiding district court judge in Beenleigh was Judge O'Brien. Recently, the Southern District Court complex has played an integral role in the development of the progressive Drug Court.

Beenleigh Mitre 10 MEGA opened in 2004; it was the company's first Australian MEGA store, and it employs over 200 people.[26]

The town has a community centre and two theatres (Crete Street Theatre and Phoenix Ensemble).

The Logan City Council operate a public library at Crete Street.[27]

The Beenleigh branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the Beenleigh Neighbourhood Centre at 10 James Street.[28]

St George's Anglican Church is at 10 Tansey Street (27°43′07″S 153°12′06″E / 27.7186°S 153.2018°E / -27.7186; 153.2018 (Second St George's Anglican Church)).[29]

Day care facilities are available at the Lutheran Beenleigh Family Day Care Scheme.

Education[edit]

Beenleigh State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 22 James Street (27°43′04″S 153°11′59″E / 27.7179°S 153.1997°E / -27.7179; 153.1997 (Beenleigh State School)).[30][31] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 395 students with 32 teachers (29 full-time equivalent) and 18 non-teaching staff (12 full-time equivalent).[32] It includes a special education program.[30]

Despite its name, Beenleigh Special School is located in neighbouring Mount Warren Park.[33]

St Joseph's Tobruk Memorial School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 53 Kokoda Street (27°42′42″S 153°11′59″E / 27.7116°S 153.1996°E / -27.7116; 153.1996 (St Joseph's Tobruk Memorial School)).[30][34] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 351 students with 27 teachers (22 full-time equivalent) and 16 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent).[32]

Beenleigh State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Alamein Street (27°42′55″S 153°12′16″E / 27.7153°S 153.2044°E / -27.7153; 153.2044 (Beenleigh State High School)).[30][35] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 1621 students with 133 teachers (127 full-time equivalent) and 78 non-teaching staff (58 full-time equivalent).[32] It includes a special education program.[30][36]

Trinity College is a Catholic secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Scott Street (27°42′37″S 153°11′56″E / 27.7104°S 153.1988°E / -27.7104; 153.1988 (Trinity College)).[30][37] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 815 students with 73 teachers (71 full-time equivalent) and 29 non-teaching staff (26 full-time equivalent).[32]

Transport[edit]

Beenleigh is situated on the Pacific Motorway. Queensland Rail City network provides frequent services to Brisbane and the Gold Coast via the Beenleigh railway line at the centrally located Beenleigh railway station.

Attractions[edit]

The Beenleigh Historical Village preserves 20 historic buildings and houses a number of collections of historic material from the region.[38] The town is also home to the Beenleigh Artisan Distillers, Australia's oldest rum distillery, Yugambeh Language and Research Centre, Poppy's Chocolates and Windaroo Organic Cottage just 5 minutes out of town.

Events[edit]

Social events of note are the annual Rum, Rump, and Rhumba Festival, Eats and Beats Food Trucks, and the Beenleigh Show.

Sport and recreation[edit]

Sporting facilities that are represented in Beenleigh cover baseball, soccer, BMX, football, tennis, swimming, netball, and roller derby. Beenleigh enjoys access to the Logan River via a boat ramp located near the northern bridge on the Pacific Motorway.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Beenleigh recorded a population of 8,244 people, 49.5% female and 50.5% male.[39] The median age of the Beenleigh population was 34 years, compared to the national median age of 37; 66.9% of people living in Beenleigh were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 8.1%, England 3.4%, the Philippines 1.1%, Brazil 0.6%, and Germany 0.5%. About 81.5% of people spoke only English at home; the next-most common languages were 0.7% Portuguese, 0.6% Tagalog, 0.6% Vietnamese, 0.4% Spanish, and 0.3% German.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Beenleigh (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Beenleigh – town in City of Logan (entry 2076)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Beenleigh – suburb in City of Logan (entry 45249)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Logan River Parklands". Logan City Council. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Beenleigh". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Archived from the original on 13 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  6. ^ "Bundjalung – Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative". muurrbay.org.au. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  7. ^ CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yugambeh". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  8. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  9. ^ a b c "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  11. ^ a b "St George's Anglican Church (entry 600001)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Beenleigh. [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.] September 21". The Brisbane Courier. 25 September 1875. p. 6. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Classified Advertising". The Queenslander. 11 September 1875. p. 28. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  14. ^ "St George's Anglican Church (entry 600001)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  15. ^ "Plan of resubdivisions 1 to 85 of portion 39". hdl:10462/deriv/18420. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 128). Queensland, Australia. 3 December 1885. p. 7. Retrieved 24 May 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "Advertising". Logan Witness. IX (445). Queensland, Australia. 30 October 1886. p. 2. Retrieved 29 May 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "Yellow Wood Estate Albert River". 29 May 2019. hdl:10462/deriv/257042. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  19. ^ Mary Howells. "A brief history of Logan". Logan City Council. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  20. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (15464). Queensland, Australia. 21 June 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 29 May 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  21. ^ "Logan River : Redland Bay". 29 May 2019. hdl:10462/deriv/420915. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  22. ^ "Beenleigh War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  23. ^ Teys Brothers
  24. ^ "Beenleigh". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  25. ^ "Beenleigh Rum Distillery (entry 602470)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  26. ^ Speedy, Blair. "Mitre 10 nails down its mega battle with Bunnings ", The Australian, 17 September 2004. Retrieved on 28 August 2009.
  27. ^ "Beenleigh Library". Logan City Council. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  28. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  29. ^ "Year Book" (PDF). Anglican Archdiocese of Brisbane. 2019. p. 133. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 September 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  30. ^ a b c d e f "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  31. ^ "Beenleigh State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  32. ^ a b c d "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  33. ^ "Beenleigh Special School". Beenleigh Special School. 11 December 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  34. ^ "St Joseph's Tobruk Memorial School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  35. ^ "Beenleigh State High School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  36. ^ "Beenleigh SHS - Special Education Program". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  37. ^ "Trinity College". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  38. ^ "Old Beenleigh Town". Logan City Council. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  39. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Beenleigh (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 January 2014. Edit this at Wikidata

External links[edit]