Beer in Armenia

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Beer is produced in Armenia since ancient times. In the 5th century BC, after arriving in a village in Ancient Armenia (possibly in the territory of Artsakh), Xenophon wrote in the Anabasis that "There were stored wheat, barley, vegetables, and barley wine in the craters (clay pots). In upper level of vessels with the edges in the wine floated barley, and there was stuck a reed, large and small sizes and who wanted to drink, had to taken a reed in his mouth and pull it through the wine. Not mixed with water, the wine was very strong, but for local people it was a very pleasant drink".[1]

Brewing Companies[edit]

The first brewery in modern history of Armenia was opened in 1892 in Yerevan. Known as Zanga Brewery, the plant was located in the Hrazdan River gorge. The brewery's products were branded as Bok-Beer.[2] However, the plant was closed during the 1920s.

As of May 2017, the following brewing companies are operating in Armenia:

Beer of Yerevan[edit]

Kilikia Beer from the Beer of Yerevan
  • Kilikia Beer, Yerevan Beer, Hayer Beer and Městské Pivo from the Beer of Yerevan brewery, located in Yerevan. Opened in 1952, it is the largest brewery in Armenia. Currently, several types of beer are produced and bottled by the brewery:[3]
    • Kilikia, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Kilikia 1952, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Kilikia 11, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.6%.
    • Kilikia Celebratory, pale lager, alcohol at least 5.3%.
    • Kilikia Elitar, pale lager, alcohol at least 5.6%.
    • Kilikia Jubilee, pale lager, alcohol at least 5.1%.
    • Kilikia Light ,pale lager, alcohol at least 4.5%.
    • Kilikia Youth, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Kilikia Dark, Oktoberfestbier / Märzen, alcohol at least 4.4%.
    • Kilikia 0, low alcohol, alcohol at maximum 0.5%.
    • Kilikia Tonakan, premium lager, alcohol at least 5.3%.
    • Kilikia Dymchatoe Svetloe, smoked beer, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Kilikia Dymchatoe Temnoe, smoked beer, alcohol at least 4.4%.
    • Yerevan Premium, pale lager, at least 4.8%.
    • Yerevan Zhigulyovskoe, pale lager, alcohol at least 5%.
    • Hayer, pilsner, alcohol at least 4.9%.
    • Městské Pivo, pilsner, alcohol at least 4.8%.

Gyumri-Beer[edit]

  • Gyumri Beer, Ararat Beer and Aleksandrapol Beer from the Gyumri-Beer brewery, located in Gyumri.[4] Opened in 1970, it is the 2nd-largest brewery in Armenia. However, the old brewery of Gyumri dates back to 1898. Currently, 6 types of pale lager beer are produced and bottled by the brewery under the Gyumri, Ararat and Aleksandrapol:[5]
    • Gyumri, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.5%.
    • Gyumri Gold, pale lager, wort extract is 13%, alcohol at least 4.7%.
    • Gyumri 11, pale lager, wort extract is 11%, alcohol at least 4%.
    • Gyumri Classic, pale lager, wort extract is 11%, alcohol at least 4%.
    • Ararat, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.5%.
    • Ararat, bitter, wort extract is 12%, alcohol at least 4.5%.
    • Aleksandrapol, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.5%.

Kotayk Brewery[edit]

A bottle of Kotayk Gold
  • Kotayk Beer and Erebuni Beer from the Kotayk Brewery, located in Abovyan.[6] Opened in 1974, it is the 3rd-largest brewery in Armenia. Currently, 5 types of lager beer are produced and bottled by the brewery:
    • Kotayk, pale lager, alcohol at least 5.2%.
    • Kotayk Gold, pale lager, alcohol at least 5.6%.
    • Kotayk Tshani, pale lager, alcohol at least 5.2%.
    • Erebuni, strong lager, alcohol at least 6.4%.
    • Erebuni 14, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.8%.

Lihnitis Sevan Brewery[edit]

  • Kellers Beer from the Lihnitis Sevan Brewery, located in Sevan.[7] Opened in 2007, currently 1 type of lager beer is produced and bottled by the brewery:[8]
    • Kellers, pale lager, bottled and pasteurized, wort extract is 11.5%, alcohol at least 4.4%.
  • The brewery also produces 3 types of lager, that are only available in the brewery's pub (draught beer):
    • Kellers Gold Draught, pale lager, unfiltered, wort extract is 11.5%, alcohol at least 4.4%.
    • Kellers Gold Filtered, pale lager, unpasteurized, wort extract is 11.5%, alcohol at least 4.4%.
    • Kellers Dark Draught, dunkel, unfiltered, wort extract is 13%, alcohol at least 4.8%.

Hayasy Group[edit]

  • Hayasy Beer from the Hayasy Group, located in Voskevaz.[9] Opened in 2011, currently 3 types of lager beer are produced and bottled by the brewery:
    • Hayasy Classic, premium lager, alcohol at least 4.5%.
    • Hayasy Black, black beer.
    • Hayasy Exclusive, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.4%.

Ginevan Factory[edit]

  • Ginevan Beer from the Ginevan Factory, located in Abovyan.[10] Opened in 2011, currently 4 types of lager beer are produced and bottled by the brewery:
    • Ginevan Classic, pale lager, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Ginevan Elitar, premium lager, alcohol at least 5.6%.
    • Ginevan Dark, dark lager, alcohol at least 4.4%.
    • Ginevan Platinum, pilsner, alcohol at least 5.1%.

Dilijan Brewery[edit]

  • Dilijan Beer from the Dilijan Brewery, located in Dilijan.[11] Opened in 2017, the brewery produces a variety of lager beer.

Microbreweries/Brewpubs[edit]

As of 2016, there are 6 microbreweries/brewpubs that produce and serve draught beer in Armenia:

Alaverdi Draft Beer[edit]

  • Alaverdi Beer from the Alaverdi Draft Beer microbrewery in Alaverdi, Lori Province. Opened in 1947, it currently serves many types of unfiltered beer in several pubs throughout Armenia.

AM Group[edit]

  • Jäger Beer Armenia and Roskvas from the AM Group microbrewery in Tairov, Armavir Province. Opened in 1998, it currently serves the Jäger Armenia unfiltered beer and Roskvas kvass (Slavic and Baltic fermented beverage) in several pubs throughout Armenia.

10 Out of 10 Entertainment Complex[edit]

  • Blonder Beer from the 10 Out of Ten Entertainment Complex in Yerevan. Opened in 2000, it currently serves the Blonder Slovak pilsner unfiltered beer produced in the complex.[12]

Karloff Czech Brewery-Restaurant[edit]

  • Karloff Beer from the Karloff Czech Brewery-Restaurant in Yerevan. Opened in 2012, it currently serves many types of unfiltered beer produced in the brewpub:[13]
    • Karloff Classic, pilsner.
    • Karloff Dark, dunkel.
    • Karloff Gold, Dortmunder / Helles.

Beer Academy Yerevan[edit]

  • Academia Beer from the Beer Academy brewpub in Yerevan. Opened in 2012, it currently serves many types of unfiltered beer produced in the brewpub:[14]
    • Academia Bitter, bitter beer, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Academia Dunkel, dunkel, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Academia Pils, pilsner,alcohol at least 4.6%.
    • Academia Weizen, weizenbier, alcohol at least 4.8%.
    • Academia Weizen Bock, alcohol at least 7%.
    • Academia Ginger, alcohol at least 4.6%.

Dargett Craft Beer[edit]

  • Dargett Beer from the Dargett Craft Beer brewpub in Yerevan. Opened in 2016, it currently serves 15 types of unfiltered beer made internally by the brewpub.

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic[edit]

The unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic has a single beer producer, the Varaga Brewery operating since 2003 in the town of Askeran, and producing the Varaga pale lager beer.

References[edit]