Beer in Hungary

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Beer in Hungary has been brewed for well over a thousand years, but in the modern age, most beer is mass-produced. Beer has been made there for around a thousand years and the country has a significant history of commercial beer production.[citation needed]

A Borsodi lager beer
A Kőbányai beer

Etymology[edit]

The Hungarian word for beer is sör. The word itself is of Oghuric origin.[1] The word was most probably borrowed by the Hungarians in the era before the conquest of Hungary.

History[edit]

The first commercial brewery in Hungary was established in Buda in 1845 by Peter Schmidt. During the heyday of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Kőbánya district of Budapest became the centre of Hungary's brewing industry. The Dreher brewery is named after Anton Dreher, the creator of the Vienna lager style. He created the brewery in Budapest in 1862 and it came to dominate the Hungarian market before the Second World War.

Breweries[edit]

Today, Hungary has four large commercial brewers which produce mainly light lagers (Hungarian: világos) and German-style dark beers (bocks, Hungarian: barna).

Name Owner Founder Famous products Location Website
Dreher Breweries
(Dreher Sörgyárak)
Asahi Breweries[2] Peter Schmidt (est. 1854)
Anton Dreher (est. 1862)
Dreher Classic
Arany Ászok
Kőbányai Világos (pilsener-style lagers)
Dreher Bak (a double bock)
Kőbánya,
Budapest
[1]
Borsod Brewery
(Borsodi Sörgyár)
Molson Coors Brewing Company[3] Magyar Országos Söripari Vállalat (est. 1973) Borsodi Világos
Borsodi Bivaly
Borsodi Póló
Borsodi Búza
Borostyán (English: Amber)
Bőcs,
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
[2]
Heineken Hungária
(Heineken Magyarország)
Heineken Julius Lenck (est. 1895) Soproni
Talléros (English: Coin Worth)
Arany Hordó (English: Golden Barrel)
Soproni Kinizsi
Sárkány Sör (English: Dragon Beer)
Sopron,
Győr-Moson-Sopron
[3]
Pécs Brewery
(Pécsi Sörfőzde)
Szemerey family[4] Leopold Hirschfeld (1848) Pécsi Szalon
Szalon Barna
Tavaszi Sör (English: Spring Beer)
Három Király (English: Three Kings)
Pécs,
Baranya
[4]

Lately, some microbreweries have also set up in Hungary, such as Fóti, Legenda, Monyó, Csupor or Mad Scientist. In the 2010s, a lively craft beer scene evolved, with numerous local breweries, festivals and bottleshops.[5]

Economy[edit]

In the 1980s, beer consumption was roughly 100 litres per person, but since then it has declined to nearer seventy.[citation needed]Pale lager has about 90% of sales.[6]

Culture[edit]

In Hungary, people traditionally do not clink their glasses or mugs when drinking beer. There is an urban legend in Hungarian culture that Austrian generals clinked their beer glasses to celebrate the execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad in 1849. Many people still follow the tradition, although younger people often disavow it, citing that the vow was only meant to last 150 years.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lars Johanson, Christiane Bulut, Turkic-Iranian Contact Areas: Historical and Linguistic Aspects, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 2006, p. 19
  2. ^ Origo. "Japán kézben a Dreher".
  3. ^ Origo. "Kulisszatitkok a sörgyárban".
  4. ^ Origo. "Új tulajdonos a Pécsi Sörgyárnál".
  5. ^ "Sörhelyzet, Magyarország 2016 – Gault&Millau kalauz – Gault&Millau Magyarország".
  6. ^ "Beer in Hungary". www.euromonitor.com. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  7. ^ "Koccintás sörrel" (in Hungarian). 17 June 2005. Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2011.

External links[edit]