Beer in Singapore

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The history of commercial brewing of beer in Singapore dates back to the mid-19th century, when it was a British colony.

In April 1931 the first commercial brewery in Singapore, Malayan Breweries (MBL), was formed as a joint venture between local soft drinks producer, Fraser & Neave, and Dutch brewer, Heineken.[1][2] The company's first brewery, located at Alexandra Road, became operational in October 1932, with the production of Tiger Beer.[3][4] In July 1931 the Archipel Brouweriji Compagnie (Archipelago Brewery Co.) was formed in Batavia (now known as Jakarta), by German brewer, Beck's, constructing breweries in both Singapore and Batavia.[5] In November 1933 the Archipelago Brewery commenced operations from its brewery, also located on Alexandera Road, producing Anchor Beer.[6][7]

With the outbreak of World War II, the British annexed the Archipelago Brewery in 1939, under the provisions of the Trading with the Enemy Act 1939 – deeming it enemy territory for it's German ties – vesting it's control with the Custodian of Enemy Property.[8] In January 1941 a new company, the Archipelago Brewery Company (1941) Limited, was formed by Malaysian Breweries to purchase the brewery.[9][10]

Operations at both breweries ceased with the capture of Singapore by the Japanese in February 1942. The Japanese subsequently expropriated all the production facilities and ordered Dai-Nippon Breweries to produce beer from the breweries. Immediately following the liberation of Singapore, in September 1945 by the British, operations at Malayan Breweries recommenced.[11]

In 1990, it was renamed to Asia Pacific Breweries (APB).[12][13]

The main domestic brand is Tiger Beer, brewed by APB since 1932. APB also brews Heineken Lager Beer under a license from its parent company.

Other notable brands include Anchor, Baron’s Strong Brew and ABC Extra Stout

Microbreweries[edit]

Since the mid 2000s a number of smaller microbreweries have been established throughout Singapore. There are now over twenty microbreweries in the country, including the RedDot Brewhouse, the first locally owned independent commercial microbrewery in Singapore (established in 2007), Brewerkz, a microbrewery and restaurant chain (established in 1997), Tawandang Microbrewery, established in Thailand in 1999 and opened in Singapore in 2009, LeVel33, located on the 33rd floor of the standard chartred tower at marina bay financial centre, AdstraGold Microbrewery (established in 2010) and Paulaner Bräuhaus. Craft beer sales however only accounts for around 2 percent of Singapore's beer market.[14]

Beer festivals[edit]

An annual Beer Festival, Beerfest Asia, is held in Singapore in June each year. It was first held in 2008 and attracts over 30,000 beer lovers.[15] The festival features over 500 beers and ciders from over 35 exhibitors around the world.[16]

The Asia Beer Awards, were established in 2008 and ran in conjunction with Beerfest Asia until 2013. The awards recommenced in 2016. The Asia Beer Awards are the largest beer awards held in Asia, with 160 beers competing across 15 categories.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Malayan Breweries - Flotation of a Local Company". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 23 April 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Lewis, Mark (1 December 2003). Rough Guide to Singapore. Rough Guides. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-84353-075-6. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Malayan Breweries : The Advent of Tiger Beer". The Straits Times. 30 September 1932. p. 12. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Free Beer". The Straits Times. 3 October 1932. p. 6. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Two Breweries for Singapore". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 2 January 1932. p. 22. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Tiger's Rival". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 6 November 1933. p. 3. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Million Dollar Brewery Opened Today". The Straits Times. 4 November 1933. p. 12. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Ex-German Brewery". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 27 January 1941. p. 7. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  9. ^ "New Company to run Brewery". The Straits Times. 27 January 1941. p. 9. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Malayan Breweries Profit Almost Doubled". The Straits Times. 14 March 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  11. ^ "Big Local Firms Re-Open". The Straits Times. 11 September 1945. p. 1. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  12. ^ Frankham, Steve (17 June 2008). Malaysia and Singapore. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 539. ISBN 978-1-906098-11-7. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "A history of beer in Singapore". Timeout Singapore. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  14. ^ Chandran, Nyshka (3 March 2016). "Could Singapore have its own craft beer boom?". CNBC. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  15. ^ "10,000 drink to second day of Beerfest Asia". The Straits Times. 18 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  16. ^ Nim, Avanti (10 June 2016). "Having an ale of a time". The Business Times. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  17. ^ "Asia Beer Awards return to Beerfest Asia 2016". AsiaOne. 14 June 2016.