Beerenauslese (literal meaning: "selected harvest of berries") is a German language wine term for a late harvest wine. Beerenauslese is a category in the Prädikatswein category of the Austrian and German wine classifications, and is a category above Auslese. Beerenauslese wines, often called "BA" for short, are usually made from grapes affected by noble rot, that is "botrytized" grapes.
The grapes for Beerenauslese wines are those that have been individually picked. These wines are typically very sweet and rich, and most age very well. The finest Beerenauslese wines are generally considered to be made from the Riesling grape variety, as this retains significant acidity even with the extreme ripeness, which results in a wine where the sweetness is balanced and which has great longevity and which often will improve for decades. These wines are produced in very small quantities when the weather is suitable for the noble rot to form and only in vineyards with appropriate conditions, so they tend to be very expensive.
An exception to this is Beerenauslesen produced from more easily ripening grapes such as Ortega or Huxelrebe which have extremely high sugar content, but less noble rot character and less acidity, and therefore tends to come across as less elegant and usually without the potential to improve with cellaring.
The minimum must weight requirements for Beerenauslese is as follows:
- For German wine, 110 to 128 degrees Oechsle, depending on the region (wine growing zone) and grape variety.
- In Austrian wine, 25 degrees KMW, corresponding to 125 °Oechsle.
Chaptalisation may not be used. The requirements are part of the wine law in both countries. Many producers, especially top-level producers, exceed the minimum requirements, resulting in richer and sweeter wines that can exceed the minimum requirements for Trockenbeerenauslese, the next Prädikat in order. In Germany, it is common to add a golden capsule to indicate a superior wine.
- German Wine Institute: Quality categories, accessed on May 4, 2008
- Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Beerenauslese". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.
- German Wine Institute: Must weights, accessed on May 4, 2008
- Wines from Austria: Quality Designations in Detail, accessed on May 4, 2008
- Wein-Plus Weinglossar: Mostgewicht, accessed on March 6, 2013