Bishazari Tal

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Bishazari Tal
Chitwan 2.jpg
Location Chitwan, Nepal
Coordinates 27°37′05″N 84°26′11″E / 27.61806°N 84.43639°E / 27.61806; 84.43639Coordinates: 27°37′05″N 84°26′11″E / 27.61806°N 84.43639°E / 27.61806; 84.43639[1]
Type oxbow lake
Basin countries Nepal
Surface area 3,200 ha (7,900 acres)
Surface elevation 286 m (938 ft)
Settlements Salyantar
Designated 13 August 2003

The Bishazari Tal, also spelled Beeshazar Tal, is an extensive oxbow lake system in the buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park, a protected area in the Inner Terai of central Nepal. This wetland covers an area of 3,200 ha (7,900 acres) at an altitude of 286 m (938 ft), and is situated between the Mahabharat mountain range to the north and the Siwalik range to the south. In August 2003, it has been designated as a Ramsar site.[1]

The Nepali words 'bis' बिस् (twenty), 'hajār' हजार् (thousand) and 'tāl' ताल् (lake) mean '20,000 lakes'.[2]


The forested wetland provides excellent habitat as a waterhole and wildlife corridor for critically endangered and vulnerable species including Bengal tiger, sloth bear, smooth-coated otter, one-horned rhinoceros, white-rumped vulture, Pallas's fish-eagle, lesser adjutant stork, ferruginous duck, gharial and marsh crocodile.[1]

A panoramic view of Bishazari Tal


  1. ^ a b c Bhuju, U. R., Shakya, P. R., Basnet, T. B., Shrestha, S. (2007). Nepal Biodiversity Resource Book. Protected Areas, Ramsar Sites, and World Heritage Sites. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, in cooperation with United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Kathmandu, ISBN 978-92-9115-033-5
  2. ^ Turner, R. L. (1931.) बिस् bis, हजार् hajār, ताल् tāl. In: A comparative and etymological dictionary of the Nepali language. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner.

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