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Tsam mask in a performance in Ulan-Ude (2011)

In Tibetan Buddhism Beg-tse (Beg tse; Baik-tse) or Jamsaran (Wylie: beg tse chen lcam sring "the Great Coat of Mail", a loanword from Mongolian begder "coat of mail") is a dharmapala and the lord of war, in origin a pre-Buddhist war god of the Mongols.[1]

Begtse has red skin and orange-red hair, two arms (as opposed to other Mahākālas, who have four or six), three blood-shot eyes and is wielding a sword. He wears a chainmail shirt, which gave rise to his name, Jamsaran. He wears a Mongolian helmet with a crown of five skulls.

Jamsaran is represented in Mongolian, and to a lesser extent Tibetan, Cham dance.[2]

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  1. ^ Elisabetta Chiodo, The Mongolian Manuscripts on Birch Bark from Xarbuxyn Balgas in the Collection of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Volume 137 of Asiatische Forschungen, ISSN 0571-320X, 2000, p. 149, n. 11.
  2. ^ Carole Pegg, Mongolian Music, Dance, & Oral Narrative, 2001, p. 158ff.

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