Begusarai district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Begusarai.
Begusarai district
बेगूसराय जिला ضلع بیگو سراےء
District of Bihar
Location of Begusarai district in Bihar
Location of Begusarai district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Darbhanga
Headquarters Begusarai
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Begusarai
 • Total 1,918 km2 (741 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,954,367
 • Density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
 • Literacy 66.23 per cent
 • Sex ratio 894
Major highways NH 31, NH 28
Average annual precipitation 1384 mm
Website Official website

Begusarai District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Begusarai town is the administrative headquarters of this district.


It was established in 1870 as of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status.[1] Simaria village is the birthplace of famous Hindi poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar. However most people know Munger as his birthplace as Begusarai was the part of Munger during his birth and much of his lifetime. Begusarai is the part of historic Mithila region.


Begusarai district occupies an area of 1,918 square kilometres (741 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Biak Island.[3] The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganges. Begusarai district is a part of Darbhanga division. It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E.


In 2006 the Indian government named Begusarai one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]


Barauni is the main rail head and originating place of many trains. It is connected to south Bihar by Rajendra Bridge which serves both as road and railway. NH 28 and NH 31 meet at Zero mile also known as Dinkar chouk. There are bus services for long distance places by government owned Bihar State Road Transport Corporation.


According to the 2011 census Begusarai district has a population of 2,970,541,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Armenia[6] or the US state of Mississippi.[7] This gives it a ranking of 128th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 1,540 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,000/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.44%.[5] Begusarai has a sex ratio of 895 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 63.87%.[5]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1989 Begusarai district became home to the Kanwarjheel Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 63 km2 (24.3 sq mi).[8]


The foundation stone of Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Engineering College was laid on 22 December 2013 by Nitish Kumar,paving way for the eighth government engineering college in Bihar.[9][10]


  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Biak 1,904km2 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Armenia 2,967,975 July 2011 est. 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Mississippi 2,967,297 
  8. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  9. ^ "CM lays foundation of engineering college". Times of India. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Nitish lists special tag cry as LS poll plank". The Telegraph. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 25°25′00″N 86°08′00″E / 25.4167°N 86.1333°E / 25.4167; 86.1333