Behat

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Behat
Township
Behat is located in Uttar Pradesh
Behat
Behat
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 30°10′N 77°37′E / 30.167°N 77.617°E / 30.167; 77.617Coordinates: 30°10′N 77°37′E / 30.167°N 77.617°E / 30.167; 77.617
Country India
StateHarit Pradesh
DistrictBehat
Government
 • TypeIndian
Elevation
345 m (1,132 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total8,574
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Khariboli, Urdu, Punjabi, English, Gujjari
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP 11, HR 71, HR 02, HP 17

Behat is an ancient town and a nagar panchayat (municipality) in Behat district in the northernmost tip of the Northwestern UP aka Harit Pradesh, India. It is located at NH709B at the banks of Eastern Yamuna Canal, about 30 kms north of Main Saharanpur City, 190 kms from the Indian Capital New Delhi, and 77 km (48 miles) from Haridwar, at an average elevation of 345 m from sea level. It is famous for production of fruits such as mangoes and guava, moorhas (reed stools), brass bells, and wrought iron handicrafts. Without introducing Mata Shakumbari devi temple it would not be justice with the importance of Behat.

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations and surveys have provided evidences of the existence of many ancient settlements over the ages in and around Behat. On the basis of artifacts discovered during these excavations, human habitation can be traced as far back as 2000 BC in and around this area. Behat was probably known as Brihat-vat during the reign of the Nanda Dynasty (c. 500 BC). Indeed, it is a place of considerable antiquity.

An Ashokan Pillar excavated from Topari (Khiderabād), near Saharanpur, was taken to Delhi by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq, and it is still in Feroze Shah Kotla. Mayapur (Haridwar) and Behat were well-known cities at the time of Mauryan Dynasty (c. 180 BC). Behat was next to Mayapur (Haridwar) in importance, because it was an important Buddhist center.[1]

Xuanzang traveling in search of Sacred Buddhist Texts and Scriptures, had traveled through Behat and had come across important Buddhist Monasteries in Behat (c. 630 AD).[1]

During the reign of Bahlul Khan Lodi (1451–1489), a Muslim colony was founded at Behat by Shah Abdullah, who was a descendant of the Saint Sheikh Baha-ud-din Zakariya Suhrawardi. Western part of Behat along the Naugaon Rau is named after him as Abdullah Mazra.[1]

Behat remained headquarters of a Paragana, during the times of Akbar, and was known as Behat Kanjawar.[1]

Around 1710 AD, Behat was Jagir, of Pirzadas. The place was famous for cow slaughtering, and Pirzadas didn't treat anyone fairly, except the Muslims of the Jagir. Around this time the Sikh Army of Banda Bahadur Singh, attacked Behat, and reportedly killed all the family members of Pirzadas, except one who was away at Bulandshahar, at the time of this incident. The Sikh Army, later plundered the area, and sat it on fire.[2]

In 1834, Captain Proby Thomas Cautley, while leading the redesigning of the Eastern Yamuna Canal (which at that time was known as Doab Canal, discovered a buried town 5.18 m (17 ft) below the surrounding country and 7.62 m (25 ft) below that of existing site. That township belonged to the Pre Indo-Scythian times as established from the archaeological evidences found here. Captain Cautley also found a large number of Indo Scythian coins and other evidences about the existence of a large Buddhist Settlement at this place.[1]

After the Mutiny of 1857, a Police Station was established at Behat. Towards the end of the 19th Century, the town had a Post Office and an Upper Primary School as well. Also until towards the end of 19th Century, an Annual Fair used to be held in honor of Shah Abdullah, chiefly organized by the local Pirzadas who then fell to difficult times due to their excesses and extravagance.[1]

After the British left India in 1947, Government has largely chosen to ignore this area, and as a result Behat has made little progress in last 70 years or so. It looks more like a big village than a town.

Geography[edit]

  • The city is located at the latitude of 30.1°N and at 77°E north of Saharanpur. The city sits at the same latitude as Jagadhri and Rishikesh.
  • This district also is at the northernmost limit of the Harit Pradesh where border with city of Paonta Sahib is in north at 30.4°N latitude almost coinciding with latitude north of Ambala and Dehradun. It is located near the city of Badshahibagh and Kalesar with all 4 states having borders nearby.
  • To the east of Behat, flows The Eastern Yamuna Canal (or Eastern Jumna Canal), and to the west beyond Abdulla Mazra, flows the Naugaon Rau (Rau means an ephemeral stream, torrent or rapid, which is dry for most part of the year).
  • To the south about two miles from the center of the town flows the Maskara Rau (flows from the confluence of two Rau/torrents at Jasmour, and crosses Eastern Yamuna Canal at Kalsia).
  • The average elevation is about 345 meters above the mean sea level.
  • The entire place slightly slopes from north-east to south-west though unevenly.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[3] Behat had a population of 20,474. Males constitute 53.16% of the population and females 46.83%. Behat has an average literacy rate of 70.03%, lower than the national average of 74.04%; with 75.95% of the males and 63.28% of females literate. 15.12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

Behat has been a major agriculture economy based town in last 200 years. The western yamuna canal irrigates most of the arable land in Behat and crops have been good owing to rich soils. Behat area is also one of the most suitable for growing fruits and slowly mango orchards took over as main stay of economy. Behat was declared as a "Mango Belt" by the state govt. in 1991 (approx.) and thus the orchards got a legal protection as no pollution generating factories can be established in Behat area. There are lush and prime mango orchards all around Behat.

The mango and lichi fruits of Behat are world famous and these are exported to many countries. Lately fruit processing industry a has come up in Saharanpur district. which depends mainly on Behat for raw material.

There are many huge mango orchards in Behat area utilizing modern agri. practices. The best mango orchard is called "LAAT" owned by Mr. Umesh Jain and family who is an engineer and MBA from USA by education, but he devoted himself to horticulture.

Behat market is thriving market nowadays. All remote villages are connected with Behat. Lots n lots of shops are opening day by day. Gandhi chowk is the main market joint of Behat. One can relish his taste buds as several veg and non-veg foods are available in Behat.

Education[edit]

SAS Academy (An English Medium Day School) is one of the most famous and renowned school in Behat, which imparts quality education to children of Behat from all walks of life. Mrs. Zarina Nikhat is a principal and Mr. Mohd. Shariq Saied (Ashu Sir) is school administrator of the SAS Academy school. It was established in 1989.

It is situated near new water tank. Environment of SAS Academy is eco-friendly with all sort of modern facilities. The moto of the academy is "Come to learn and Go to serve".

SAS Academy is equipped with Smart Class, Silent Generator, Separate toilets for boys and girls, Safe n pure drinking water, hygienic campus, All time electricity etc.

There is famous BSHS School[4] (भारतीय शिक्षा उच्चतर माध्यमिक विद्यालय) in Behat. The institution B.S.H.S School[5] formerly Bhartiya Shiksha Higher Secondary School is a co-educational institution founded in 1997. Mamta Sharma was appointed as a principal in 1998 & Durgaprasad Bhardwaj is a Committee head of this institution.This School is counted among the top-rated Schools in Saharanpur(Uttar Pradesh) with an excellent academic track record. For more info just visit on www.bshsschool.co.in

Abdul Rehman Alias Shalu Bhaiya is the newly elected chairman of Behat Nagar Panchayat

Travel and transport[edit]

Behat has two bus stands on the State Highway No 57 connecting Saharanpur with Yamunotri - known as Tehsil Behat and Behat Bus Stand, respectively. Tehsil Behat, which is situated outside the Tehsil Building, is the bus terminus from where one can take buses for Kalsia - Chhutmalpur. From Behat Bus Stand one could take a bus for Kalsia - Saharanpur, Herbertpur - Vikasnagar - Dakpatthar - Chakrata, Shakumbhari Devi Shrine etc. The buses are owned by private bus operators who have formed a union. The members of the union have to obey the Departure and Arrival time table strictly (up to the minute) otherwise they are levied penalty by their own Union. Thus, it is a very reliable bus service for this route.

The town is also serviced by various state Roadways such as UPSRTC, UTC, HRTC, DTC, etc., as it falls en route to Dakpatthar (Uttarakhand), and Nahan (Himachal Pradesh)

Besides in the Main Saharanpur City, there is a bus stand named as "Behat Adda" situated at Behat Road (Behat Road is the stretch of State Highway No 57 between Saharanpur City and Behat, sometimes also referred to as Chakrata Road) ahead of "Dehat Kotwali", from where one could take a bus to reach Kalsia, Behat, Raipur, Shakumbhari Devi, Mirzapur, Badshahi Bagh, Herbertpur, Vikasnagar, Kalsi, Chakrata, and Nahan (Himachal Pradesh)

Now there are several E-Rickshaws available for local transport. One can also find local transport for near by villages from Behat.

if you want to go there is called a place Shakumbhari Devi, then you can take a bus from bus stand . it is 16 km from behat.there is temple of maa durga .there is good connectivity from Shakumbhari to Saharanpur city. please came at the time of navratri to get darshan of maa durga.big fair held there on that days very good environment to see and people came from other cities.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g A Gazetteer of Saharanpur District District Volume XIV: Gazetteers of the United Provinces edited by H. R Neville
  2. ^ Harbans Kaur Sagoo (1 January 2001). Banda Singh Bahadur and Sikh Sovereignty. Deep & Deep Publications. pp. 171–. ISBN 978-81-7629-300-6. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Bhartiya Shiksha Higher Secondary School". BSHS SCHOOL.
  5. ^ "BSHS School Behat". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 21 July 2019.