Beheira Governorate

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Beheira Governorate
Flag of Beheira Governorate
Beheira Governorate on the map of Egypt
Beheira Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30°37′N 30°26′E / 30.61°N 30.43°E / 30.61; 30.43Coordinates: 30°37′N 30°26′E / 30.61°N 30.43°E / 30.61; 30.43
Country  Egypt
Seat Damanhur (capital)
 • Governor Hisham Abdel-Ghani Abdel-Aziz Amna[2]
 • Total 10,130 km2 (3,910 sq mi)
Population (January 2018)
 • Total 6,277,000[1]
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)

Beheira Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة البحيرةMuḥāfẓet El Beḥēra , IPA: [elbeˈħeːɾæ], "the Lake") is a coastal governorate in Egypt. Located in the northern part of the country in the Nile Delta, its capital is Damanhur.


Beheira Governorate enjoys an important strategical place, west of the Rosetta branch of the Nile. It comprises four important highways, namely the Cairo-Alexandria desert road, the Cairo agricultural road, the international road and the circular road. Beheira Governorate is also home to a number of the most important Coptic monasteries in Wadi El Natrun (Scetes).

Beheira consists of 13 centers and 14 cities, and contains important industries such as cotton, chemicals, carpets, electricity and fishing.

In 2017, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi appointed the first female governor in the country's history, Nadia Abdo, for Beheira's Governorate.[3]


According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 19.5%. Out of an estimated 5,804,262 people residing in the governorate, 4,674,346 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 1,129,916 in urban areas.[4]


Notable person

ahmed Zewil

Industrial zones[edit]

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[5]

  • Natron Valley
  • Boseili Desert
  • (New urban community industrial zone) Nubaria


In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had several water, road, and other projects, going on in several markazes in Beheira Governorate.[6]


  1. ^ "الجهاز المركزي للتعبئة العامة والإحصاء". Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Egypt's first-ever female governor marches to a different drummer". Al-Monitor. 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  4. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Investment Regimes, Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 19 October 2016.