Behshahr

Coordinates: 36°41′28″N 53°33′14″E / 36.69111°N 53.55389°E / 36.69111; 53.55389
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Behshahr
بهشهر
Ashraf or Ashraf-ol-Belād[1]
City
Chehel Sotun Palace
SafiAbad Palace
AbbasAbad Garden
Cheshmeh Emarat
Fire Temple of Kawus
Behshahr is located in Iran
Behshahr
Behshahr
Coordinates: 36°41′28″N 53°33′14″E / 36.69111°N 53.55389°E / 36.69111; 53.55389[2]
CountryIran
ProvinceMazandaran
CountyBehshahr
DistrictCentral
Government
 • MayorYaser Ahmadi [3]
 • City CouncilChairman: Abbas Asgaria
Population
 (2016)[4]
 • Total94,702
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)

Behshahr (in Persian: بِهْشَهْر, romanizedBehšahr and in Mazanderani: بِهْشَهْر, romanized: Behšahr)[5] is a city in the Central District of Behshahr County, Mazandaran province, Iran, serving as capital of both the county and the district.[6] On the coast of the Caspian Sea, at the foot of the Alborz, it is approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Sari.

At the 2006 census, its population was 83,537 in 22,034 households.[7] The following census in 2011 counted 89,251 people in 26,406 households.[8] The latest census in 2016 showed a population of 94,702 people in 31,022 households.[4]

History[edit]

In 1832 David Brewster wrote in The Edinburgh Encyclopædia that "Ashraff is celebrated as the favourite residence of Shah Abbas, and enjoys the only good harbour on the southern side of the Caspian".[9]

Prior to the arrival of Shah Abbas I Ashraf was a village of no distinction. The location took the fancy of Abbas I who made it an imperial residence in 1613 and he commissioned the construction of a palace and gardens. The heyday of the town was from that time until the middle of the 18th century. At the time that Sir Thomas Herbert visited the palace in 1628 there were about 2,000 families living in the town that at that time contained at least 300 public bath houses. However the town was the scene of both internal disorder and external threats (it was repeatedly sacked by Turkomans), so although it was still a significant town in 1727 when the peace of concluded the Ottoman–Persian War (1722–1727), the town was gradually abandoned. Jonas Hanway visited the town in 1744 when it was in a state of decay, and by 1812 when Sir William Ouseley visited there the palace was in ruins. By 1860 Ashraf was no more than a large village of 845 houses with between eight and ten thousand inhabitants.[9][10][11][12]

Chehel Sotun Palace (Shah Palace) by Jules Laurens

In October 2012, heavy rain in Behshahr caused damaging floods in the city. 132 mm (5.2 in) of rain fell in one hour. Several houses and schools were damaged by the floods, leading to school closures. 6 people died in the food event. Crisis staff was formed right after the floods in the Rescue Organization of Red Crescent society.[13][14]

Explore[edit]

Kamarband cave is notable for three human skeletons discovered there, dating to approximately 9000 years B.C. Other finds included flint blades, walrus and deer bones, giving valuable information about human development from the ice age in the Mazandaran area.

Description[edit]

The name Behshahr literally means "fine city". It includes many historical sites such as Behshahr the home of Abbas the Great, Cheshmeh Emarat Palace, Baghe Shah Gardens and the Chit Sazi weaving factor Abbas Abbad which is famous for its greenery and beauty and also its historic significance is a major tourism attraction. There is a road which leads up to a mountain through the jungle. In the touristic Abbas Abbad, the jungle surrounds a lake with a semi-destroyed castle in the middle. The castle once belonged to the Shah Abbas.

Behshahr is home to many famous Iranian figures ranging from actors to political figures. One of the more famous political figures from Behshahr is Ahmad Tavakkoli who once was a presidential candidate. Every year, famous members of the Iranian entertainment industry gather in Behshahr in a ceremony rewarding entertainers. More recently, such members included Parviz Parastui.

The city of Behshahr is an industrial city which produces Tokhme, vegetable oil, and a dish-soap known as Rika. Rika is the local term for son. Behshahr is home to Behshahr Industrial Company which is the biggest producer of vegetable oil in Iran since 1951.[15] Recently, after scavenging near the suburbs of Behshahr, an ancient town was discovered which included nearly a thousand corpses of children to middle-aged men. The corpses had heights above the modern typical heights. In the area, gold and jars were found.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Behshahr
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
13.2
(55.8)
16.4
(61.5)
22.2
(72.0)
27.4
(81.3)
31.4
(88.5)
33.4
(92.1)
33.2
(91.8)
30.7
(87.3)
25.4
(77.7)
19.8
(67.6)
14.5
(58.1)
23.3
(74.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
8.2
(46.8)
11.5
(52.7)
17
(63)
22.1
(71.8)
26.3
(79.3)
28.8
(83.8)
28.4
(83.1)
25.3
(77.5)
19.5
(67.1)
15.4
(59.7)
9.4
(48.9)
18.3
(64.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.3
(37.9)
6.7
(44.1)
11.8
(53.2)
16.8
(62.2)
21.3
(70.3)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
20
(68)
13.7
(56.7)
11.1
(52.0)
4.4
(39.9)
13.3
(55.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 65
(2.6)
73
(2.9)
77
(3.0)
62
(2.4)
27
(1.1)
12
(0.5)
35
(1.4)
27
(1.1)
40
(1.6)
99
(3.9)
83
(3.3)
56
(2.2)
656
(26)
Average relative humidity (%) 79.6 76 73.6 69.4 66.3 63.5 66.1 67.7 67.3 68.7 74.2 80.1 71.0
Average dew point °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
4.2
(39.6)
6.9
(44.4)
11.4
(52.5)
15.5
(59.9)
18.8
(65.8)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
18.8
(65.8)
13.6
(56.5)
10.8
(51.4)
6.1
(43.0)
12.8
(55.0)
Mean daily daylight hours 10.5 11.3 12.4 12.4 14.6 15.1 14.9 14 12.8 11.7 10.7 10.2 12.5
Percent possible sunshine 47.7 49 44.1 49.9 58.5 67.7 65.7 65.3 63.8 60.1 56.5 48.8 56.4
Source: Weatherbase[16] Weather2visit[17] Nomadseason(Precipitation)[18]

Abbas Abbad Garden[edit]

Abbas Abbad Garden

Built at the order of Abbas the Great in the southeast of Behshahr in the midst of the Jungle, Abbasabad complex marks Iran's most prominent non-desert garden which comprises a lake, a palace, towers as well as showers while a mansion in the middle of the lake has given it outstanding beauty. The lake covers and areas of more than 10 hectares with an 18-meter-tall mansion at the center which hides underwater for more than half of the year; nevertheless, in the seasons of drought the whole structure, which has stood the test of time, resides out of the water. Abbas Abbad which is famous for its greenery and beauty and also its historic significance is a major tourism attraction. There is a road which leads up to a mountain through the jungle. In the touristic Abbas Abbad, the jungle surrounds a lake with a semi-destroyed castle in the middle. The castle once belonged to the Abbas the Great. The irrigation mechanisms created during the Safavid dynasty in this region are extremely unusual which greatly contributed to the registration of the site on UNESCO World Heritage List.

Tourism[edit]

  • Abbas Abad Historical Complex
  • Miankaleh peninsula
  • International Miankaleh Lagoon
  • Historical Sefidchah Cemetery
  • Mellat Garden
  • Ghohartape
  • Huto and Kamarband Caves
  • Museum of Behshahr Martyrs
  • Cheshmeh Emarat
  • Palace Safiabad
  • Palangan Castle
  • Kusan Fireplace
  • Asiab Sar Castle
  • Sang No Waterfall
  • Siami House
  • Mellat Park (Chehel Sotoun Ashraf)
  • Sikapol Bridge
  • Afghan Nejad Mansion
  • Tomb Amir Seyed Kamaluddin

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Also spelt Ashraff in some sources
  2. ^ OpenStreetMap contributors (23 May 2023). "Behshahr, Behshahr County" (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 23 May 2023.
  3. ^ "شهردار بهشهر منصوب شد". ایمنا. 5 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 02. Archived from the original (Excel) on 7 October 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  5. ^ Behshahr can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055953" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  6. ^ Habibi, Hassan (21 June 1369). "Approval of the organization and chain of citizenship of the elements and units of the divisions of Mazandaran province, centered in Sari city". Lamtakam (in Persian). Ministry of Interior, Defense Political Commission of the Government Council. Archived from the original on 14 January 2024. Retrieved 14 January 2024.
  7. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 02. Archived from the original (Excel) on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  8. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1390 (2011)". Syracuse University (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 02. Archived from the original (Excel) on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  9. ^ a b Brewster 1832, p. 461.
  10. ^ Fisher, Jackson & Lockhart 1986, p. 396.
  11. ^ Arnold 2004, p. 87.
  12. ^ Houtsma 1987, pp. 484–485.
  13. ^ "6 people died in Behshahr floods. Schools are closed until further notice". Aftab news. Aftab news. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2024.
  14. ^ "Over 200 houses destroyed in Behshahr floods". khabareonline. khabaronline News Agancy. 13 October 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2024.
  15. ^ Web search Archived September 3, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Behshahr: MONTHLY - ALL WEATHER AVERAGES". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. Retrieved 16 February 2024.
  17. ^ "Behshahr monthly weather averages". weather 2 visit. Retrieved 16 February 2024.
  18. ^ "Monthly climate in Behshahr, Māzandarān, Iran". nomadseason. Retrieved 16 February 2024. Last updated: November 4, 2023
  • Arnold, Thomas W. (2004) [Oxford 1928], Painting in Islam: A Study of the Place of Pictorial Art in Muslim Culture, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 87
  • Brewster, David, ed. (1832), "Persia: Mazenderan", The Edinburgh Encyclopædia, vol. 15, J. and E. Parker, p. 461
  • Fisher, William Bayne; Jackson, Peter; Lockhart, Lawrence, eds. (1986), The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 6 (illustrated, reprint, reissue, 7 Volume Set in 8 Pieces ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran, p. 396, ISBN 9780521246996
  • Houtsma, M. Th, ed. (1987), "Ashraf", E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936, vol. 9, Brill, pp. 484–485, ISBN 9789004082656

External links[edit]

behcity, news and photos from behshahr city and county