Beijing Capital International Airport

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"Beijing Airport" redirects here. For the secondary airport of Beijing, see Beijing Nanyuan Airport.
Beijing Capital International Airport
Beijing CAH.png
BCIA Aerial.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited
Serves Beijing
Location Chaoyang-Shunyi
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 116 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 40°04′21″N 116°35′51″E / 40.07250°N 116.59750°E / 40.07250; 116.59750Coordinates: 40°04′21″N 116°35′51″E / 40.07250°N 116.59750°E / 40.07250; 116.59750
PEK is located in China
Location in China
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18L/36R 3,810 12,500 Asphalt
18R/36L 3,445 11,302 Asphalt
01/19 3,810 12,500 Concrete[1]
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 94,393,000
Aircraft movements 606,086
Tonnes of cargo 1,831,167
Economic & social impact $6.5 billion & 571.7 thousand[2]
Beijing Capital International Airport
Traditional Chinese 北京首都國際機場
Simplified Chinese 北京首都国际机场
Beijing Airports

Beijing Capital International Airport (IATA: PEKICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport serving Beijing. It is located 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Beijing's city center, in an enclave of Chaoyang District and the surroundings of that enclave in suburban Shunyi District.[4] The airport is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, a state-controlled company. The airport's IATA Airport code, PEK, is based on the city's former romanized name, Peking.

Beijing Capital International Airport is the main hub for Air China, the flag carrier of the People's Republic of China, which flies to around 120 destinations (excluding cargo) from Beijing. China Eastern Airlines, Hainan Airlines and China Southern Airlines also use the airport as their hub.

Beijing Capital added Terminal 3 in 2008 in time for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, the second largest airport terminal in the world after Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3, and the sixth largest building in the world by area. Beijing Capital International Airport covers 1480 hectares of land.

Beijing Capital has rapidly ascended in rankings of the world's busiest airports in the past decade. It had become the busiest airport in Asia in terms of passenger traffic and total traffic movements by 2009. It has been the world's second busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic since 2010. The airport registered 557,167 aircraft movements (take-offs and landings), ranking 6th in the world in 2012.[3] In terms of cargo traffic, Beijing airport has also witnessed rapid growth. By 2012, the airport had become the 13th busiest airport in the world by cargo traffic, registering 1,787,027 tonnes.[3]


The Capital Airport in 1959
U.S. President Richard Nixon's Air Force One at the Capital Airport in 1972.

Beijing Airport was opened on 2 March 1958. The airport then consisted of one small terminal building, which still stands to this day, apparently for the use of VIPs and charter flights. On 1 January 1980, a newer, larger Terminal 1 – green in colour – opened, with docks for 10 to 12 aircraft. The terminal was larger than the one built in the 1950s, but by the mid-1990s, its size became relatively inadequate.

The first International flight to China and Beijing Capital International Airport was of Pakistan International Airlines from Islamabad.

In late 1999, to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, the airport experienced a new round of expansion as Terminal 2 opened on 1 November of that year. Terminal 1 was then temporarily closed for renovation after the opening of Terminal 2. 20 September 2004 saw the opening of a renovated Terminal 1, which at that time solely handled China Southern Airlines' domestic and international flights from Beijing.[5] Other airlines' domestic and international flights still operated in Terminal 2.

Another round of expansion started in 2007. A third runway opened on 29 October 2007, to relieve congestion on the other two runways.[6] Terminal 3 (T3) was completed in February 2008, in time for the Beijing Olympics. This colossal expansion also included a rail link to the city-center. At its opening, the new Terminal 3 was the largest man made structure in the world in terms of area covered, and a major landmark representing Beijing as the growing and developing Chinese capital. The expansion was largely funded by a 30 billion yen loan from Japan and a 500-million-euro (USD 625 million) loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB). The loan is the largest ever granted by the EIB in Asia; the agreement was signed during the eighth China-EU Summit held in September 2005.[7]

Fresh from hosting the 2008 Olympic Games and adding its new terminal building, Beijing Capital has overtaken Tokyo Haneda to be the busiest airport in Asia based on scheduled seat capacity.[8]

Due to limited capacity at Beijing Capital International Airport, a new airport in Daxing is being planned. The project was given final approval on 13 January 2013. Construction began in late 2014 and is expected to be completed in 2019.[9] It is not yet clear how flights will be divided between the two airports; a possible plan is that all airlines of the SkyTeam airline alliance are to move to the new airport.[10]


Ground view of Terminals 1 (foreground) and Terminal 2 (with blue roof, in background) in 2005. Terminal 2's air traffic control tower in the background has since been demolished

The airport has three terminals. Terminal 1 serves the domestic routes of Hainan Airlines and its subsidiaries (while its international routes and Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau flights operate from Terminal 2). Terminal 2 serves China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, SkyTeam members and other domestic and international flights. Terminal 3, the newest terminal, serves Air China, Star Alliance and Oneworld members, and some other domestic and international flights which do not operate from either Terminals 1 or 2.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1, with 60,000 m2 (650,000 sq ft) of space, opened on 1 January 1980, and replaced the smaller existing terminal which had been in operation since 1958.[11] Terminal 1 was closed for renovation from 1 November 1999 to 20 September 2004, during which all airlines operated from Terminal 2. Featuring 16 gates, it was the operational base for the domestic routes of China Southern Airlines and a few other airlines such as Xiamen Airlines and Chongqing Airlines, and was originally planned to handle domestic traffic excluding those to Hong Kong and Macau.

With the opening of Terminal 3, the terminal was closed for light refurbishment, and its airlines were moved to Terminal 2 on 20 May 2008.[12] Terminal 1 reopened for a second time on 27 June 2008, and became the operational base for all domestic flights operated by the HNA Group including those of Hainan Airlines, Grand China Air, Beijing Capital Airlines and Tianjin Airlines, while all HNA Group's international flights as well as those to Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan remain in Terminal 2.[13]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 interior

Terminal 2 opened on 1 November 1999, with a floor area of 336,000 m2 (3,620,000 sq ft).[11] This terminal was used to replace Terminal 1 while the latter was undergoing renovation, cramping all airlines despite being far bigger than Terminal 1. It can handle twenty aircraft at docks connecting directly to the terminal building. Prior to the opening of Terminal 3, all international flights (and the majority of the domestic flights) operated from this terminal. This terminal now houses China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines (all International flights including flights to Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau), Skyteam, Air Koryo, and other domestic and international flights other than those operated by Air China, Shanghai Airlines, Star Alliance members and Oneworld members. A gate capable of handling the A380 (gate 21) was also built at the terminal.

Terminals 1 and 2 are linked by a public walkway that takes about 10–15 minutes to traverse. Shuttle buses connect all three terminals.

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3-E from airfield and Air China planes parked at the terminal.
An Etihad Airways A330, a British Airways Boeing 747, a Finnair Airbus A330, and 2 Air China A330s being parked at Terminal 3.
Exterior of Terminal 3, designed for Star Alliance airlines colocation.
International check-in, Terminal 3
A model of an ancient Chinese armilliary sphere in Terminal 3.
Airport Express train station inside the Terminal 3 Transportation Centre
Exterior of the Terminal 3 Transportation Centre

Construction of Terminal 3 started on 28 March 2004, and the terminal opened in two stages. Trial operations commenced on 29 February 2008, when seven airlines including British Airways, El Al Israel Airlines, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Shandong Airlines and Sichuan Airlines moved into the terminal. Twenty other airlines followed when the terminal became fully operational on 26 March 2008.[14] Currently, it mainly houses Air China, Oneworld, Star Alliance, and other domestic and international flights which are not operated from Terminal 2. Star Alliance members LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines, United Airlines, Air Canada, Turkish Airlines, Thai Airways International, Singapore Airlines, and Air China use Terminal 3-E as part of the Move Under One Roof program to co-locate alliance members.

Terminal 3 was designed by a consortium of Netherlands Airport Consultants (NACO), UK Architect Foster and Partners and ARUP. Lighting was designed by UK lighting architects Speirs and Major Associates. The budget of the expansion is US$3.5 billion. Much larger in size and scale than the other two terminals, Terminal 3 was the largest airport terminal-building complex in the world to be built in a single phase, with 986,000 m2 (10,610,000 sq ft) in total floor area at its opening.[11] It features a main passenger terminal (Terminal 3C) and two satellite concourses (Terminal 3D and Terminal 3E), all of them five floors above ground and two underground, with the letters "A and B" omitted to avoid confusion with the existing Terminals 1 and 2. Only two concourses were initially opened, namely Terminal 3C dedicated for domestic flights and Terminal 3E for international flights. Terminal 3D officially opened on 18 April 2013. The newly opened concourse is temporarily used solely by Air China for some of its domestic flights.[15]

Terminal 3 of the BCIA is currently the second-largest airport passenger terminal building in the world. Its title as the world's largest was surrendered on 14 October 2008 to Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3, which has 1,713,000 m2 (18,440,000 sq ft) of floor space.

On 20 July 2013, a man in a wheelchair detonated small homemade explosives in Terminal 3 of the Beijing International Airport. The bomber, reported to be Ji Zhongxing, was injured and taken to a hospital for his injuries. No other people were hurt.[16][17]

System, security and luggage[edit]

Terminal 3 has a 300,000 m2 (3,200,000 sq ft) transportation centre with a 7,000-car garage. The transportation centre has designated traffic lanes for airport buses, taxis and private vehicles. Travelers bound for T3 can exit their vehicles and enter T3 within five minutes. There is also a station for the Airport Express Line of the Beijing Subway.

Terminal 3 has 243 elevators, escalators or moving walkways. Each row of seats in the waiting area has electrical outlets. Every restroom has a diaper changing station. There is also a room for travelers with disabilities.[citation needed].

One of Terminal 3's highlights is the US$240 million luggage-transfer system. The luggage system is equipped with yellow carts, each of which has a code that matches the bar code on every piece of luggage loaded and allows easy and accurate tracking. More than 200 cameras are used to monitor activities in the luggage area.

The luggage system can handle 19,200 pieces of luggage per hour. After a luggage is checked in at any of the 292 counters in Terminal 3C, it can be transferred at a speed of ten metres per second. Hence, a luggage can travel from T3C to T3E in five minutes. Arriving passengers should be able to begin retrieving their luggage within 4.5 minutes after airplanes are unloaded.

Besides X-ray scanners, additional equipment are used to conduct baggage screening. Passengers will be able to check in their luggage at the airport from several hours to even a day before their flights. The airport will store the luggage in its luggage system and then load it on the correct aircraft.


The highest building at the airport, A 98.3 m (323 ft) monitoring tower, stands at the southern end of T3. The roof of T3 is red, the Chinese color for good luck. The terminal's ceilings use white strips for decoration and to indicate directions. Under the white strips, the basic color of the ceiling is orange with light to dark tones indicating where a passenger is inside the building. The roof is light orange in the center. The color deepens as the roof extends to the sides in T3E and goes the other way round in T3C.

The roof of T3 has dozens of triangular windows to let in daylight. Light angles can be adjusted to ensure adequate interior lighting. Many traditional Chinese elements will be employed in the terminal's interior decoration, including a "Menhai", a big copper vat used to store water for fighting fires in the Forbidden City, and the carvings imitating the famous Nine-Dragon Wall.

An indoor garden is constructed in the T3E waiting area, in the style of imperial gardens such as the Summer Palace. In T3C, a tunnel landscape of an underground garden has been finished with plants on each side so that passengers can appreciate them inside the mini-train.[citation needed]


The T3 food-service area is called a "global kitchen," where 72 stores provide food ranging from formal dishes to fast food, from Chinese to western, and from bakery goods to ice cream. Airport officials have promised that people who buy products at the airport will find the same prices in central Beijing.[citation needed]

In addition to food and beverage areas, there is a 16,200 m2 (174,000 sq ft) domestic retail area, a 12,600 m2 (136,000 sq ft) duty-free-store area and a nearly 7,200 m2 (78,000 sq ft) convenience-service area, which includes banks, business centres, Internet services and more. At 45,200 m2 (487,000 sq ft), the commercial area is twice the size of Beijing's Lufthansa Shopping Center.

The terminal provides 72 aerobridges or jetways and is further complemented with remote parking bays which bring the total number of gates to 150. Terminal 3 comes with an additional runway. It increases BCIA's total capacity by 72 million passengers per year to approximately 90 million.[18]

Airbus A380[edit]

The terminal has gates and a nearby runway that can handle the Airbus A380. This capability was proven when Singapore Airlines briefly offered A380 flights to Beijing in August 2008 during the Summer Olympics. Emirates airline has started its scheduled daily operation to Dubai as of 1 August 2010. Lufthansa has been using these facilities since October 2010 to handle up to five A380 connections per week. Several other airlines in the near future will operate the A380 out of this terminal, including Malaysia Airlines and British Airways.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 2
operated by Aurora
Seasonal: Khabarovsk
Air Algérie Algiers 2
Air Astana Almaty, Astana 2
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver 3E
Air China Aksu, Baotou, Bayannur, Beihai, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Datong, Dazhou, Dunhuang, Fuyang, Fuyuan, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Hotan, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jingdezhen, Jinggangshan, Jiuzhaigou, Karamay, Kashgar, Korla, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tonghua, Tongliao, Turpan, Ulanhot, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xilinhot, Xining, Yancheng, Yangzhou, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi 3C, 3D
Air China Asahikawa, Astana (begins 1 June 2017),[19] Athens, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Budapest, Busan, Cebu, [20] Chiang Mai, Chita, Daegu, Delhi, Dubai–International, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Geneva, Hakodate, Havana, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Islamabad, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Karachi, Kuala Lumpur–International, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manila, Melbourne, Milan–Malpensa, Minsk, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, New York–JFK, Newark, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phuket, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sapporo–Chitose, Sendai, Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Ulaanbaatar, Vancouver, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yangon, Zürich (resumes 7 June 2017)[21]
Seasonal: Pyongyang
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian 3C
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 2
Air Koryo Pyongyang 2
Air Macau Macau 3E
Air Mauritius Mauritius 3E
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International 2
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino 3E
All Nippon Airways Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita 3E
American Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth 3E
Asiana Airlines Busan, Cheongju, Muan, Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon 3E
Austrian Airlines Vienna 3E
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 2
Beijing Capital Airlines Baotou, Erenhot, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jixi, Lijiang, Manzhouli, Sanya, Urumqi, Xiamen, Yichang 1
Beijing Capital Airlines Cheongju, Lisbon (begins 6 July 2017),[22] Malé 2
British Airways London–Heathrow 3E
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap 3E
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong 3E
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 3E
Cebu Pacific Manila 2
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan 3E
China Eastern Airlines Baoshan, Changzhou, Chifeng, Dali, Dalian, Dongying, Dunhuang, Enshi, Guangzhou,[23] Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanzhong, Harbin, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiagedaqi, Jiayuguan, Jining, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Lincang, Linyi, Luoyang, Lüliang, Luzhou, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Pu'er, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhaotong 2
China Eastern Airlines Asahikawa,[24] Delhi7, Dhaka, Fukuoka9, Jeju, Nagoya–Centrair10, Naypyidaw11, Osaka–Kansai12, Saipan, Sydney13, Tokyo–Narita14, Vientiane
Seasonal: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Denpasar/Bali[25]
Charter: Da Nang, Krabi, Siem Reap
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Hangzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao 2
China Southern Airlines Anshan, Beihai, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Daqing, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Heihe, Huaihua, Jieyang, Korla, Kunming, Mohe, Nanchong, Nanning, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tongren, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Yanji, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi 2
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini 2
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing, Diqing 2
Delta Air Lines Detroit, Seattle/Tacoma 2
EgyptAir Cairo 3E
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 3E
Emirates Dubai–International 3E
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 3E
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, Nagoya–Centrair 3E
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan 3E
Fiji Airways Seasonal charter: Nadi 3E
Finnair Helsinki 3E
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou 1
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta 2
Grand China Air Guilin, Hailar, Harbin, Mudanjiang, Yinchuan 1
Hainan Airlines Anqing, Baotou, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jiamusi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Manzhouli, Nanchang, Nanning, Ningbo, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yan'an, Yichang, Yulin 1
Hainan Airlines Almaty, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Berlin–Tegel, Boston, Brussels, Calgary, Chicago–O'Hare, Denpasar/Bali, Irkutsk, Las Vegas, Manchester, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Phuket, Prague, Saint Petersburg, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson 2
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu 3E
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong 2
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra 3E
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita 3E
Jeju Air Daegu 2
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao 3C
KLM Amsterdam 2
Korean Air Busan, Jeju, Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon 2
Loong Air Hangzhou 3C
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin 3E
Lucky Air Kunming, Mangshi, Tengchong 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3E
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini 3E
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International 3E
Mega Maldives Malé, Tokyo–Narita[26] 2
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulaanbaatar 3E
Nok Air Phuket (begins 2 May 2017)[27] TBA
NordStar Airlines Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo 2
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Tokyo–Narita 2
Philippine Airlines Kalibo, Manila 3E
Qantas Sydney 3E
Qatar Airways Doha 3E
Qingdao Airlines Qingdao 3C
S7 Airlines Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Novosibirsk, Ulan–Ude, Vladivostok, Yakutsk 3E
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen 3E
Shandong Airlines Chongqing, Fuzhou, Jinan, Qingdao, Rizhao, Weihai, Xiamen, Yancheng, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhuhai 3C
Shanghai Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi[28] 2
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Nantong, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Yichun 3C
Shenzhen Airlines Osaka–Kansai[29] 3E
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Panzhihua, Sanya, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Xichang, Zhongwei 3C
Singapore Airlines Singapore 3E
Donghai Airlines Lanzhou 3C
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 3E
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda 2
Tajik Air Dushanbe 2
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Phuket[30] 3E
Tibet Airlines Lhasa 3C
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk 3E
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil 2
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal charter: Guam[31]
Ural Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[32] Krabi,[33] Moscow–Zhukovsky (begins 3 May 2017),[34] St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg 3E
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 2
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi
Seasonal: Nha Trang[35]
XiamenAir Changsha, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Wuyishan, Xiamen, Zhoushan 2

^1 MIAT Mongolian flights make Beijing as an intermediate stop en route to and/or from Singapore, however it does not have the traffic rights to carry passengers solely between Beijing and Singapore.
^2 Air China flights have an intermediate stop en route at Hailar to/from Chita. Passengers to/from Chita go through immigration procedure at Hailar.
^3 Air China flights have an intermediate stop en route at Dalian to/from Fukuoka. Passengers to/from Fukuoka go through immigration procedure at Dalian.
^4 Air China flight CA153 and CA154 have an intermediate stop en route at Dalian to/from Hiroshima. Passengers on these flights depart and arrive at Terminal 3C, and go through immigration procedure at Dalian.
^5 Air China flights have an intermediate stop en route at Xiamen to/from Jakarta. Passengers to/from Jakarta go through immigration procedure at Xiamen.
^6 Air China flights have an intermediate stop en route at Shanghai to/from Sendai. Passengers to/from Sendai go through immigration procedure at Shanghai.
^7 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Shanghai to/from Delhi. Passengers to/from Delhi go through immigration procedure at Shanghai.
^8 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Kunming to/from Dhaka. Passengers to/from Dhaka go through immigration procedure at Kunming.
^9 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Qingdao to/from Fukuoka. Passengers to/from Fukuoka go through immigration procedure at Qingdao.
^10 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Qingdao to/from Nagoya. Passengers to/from Nagoya go through immigration procedure at Qingdao.
^11 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Kunming to/from Naypyidaw. Passengers to/from Naypyidaw go through immigration procedure at Kunming.
^12 China Eastern Airlines flight MU277 and MU278 have an intermediate stop en route at Yantai to/from Osaka. Passengers on these flights go through immigration procedure at Yantai.
^13 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Nanjing to/from Sydney. Passengers to/from Sydney go through immigration procedure at Nanjing.
^14 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Shanghai to/from Tokyo. Passengers to/from Tokyo go through immigration procedure at Shanghai.
^15 China Eastern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Kunming to/from Vientiane. Passengers to/from Vientiane go through immigration procedure at Kunming.
^16 China Southern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Guangzhou to/from Phnom Penh. Passengers to/from Phnom Penh go through immigration procedure at Guangzhou.
^17 China Southern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Ürümqi to/from Tbilisi. Passengers to/from Tbilisi go through immigration procedure at Ürümqi.
^18 China Southern Airlines flights have an intermediate stop en route at Ürümqi to/from Tehran. Passengers to/from Tehran go through immigration procedure at Ürümqi.


Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air China Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Portland (OR), Seoul–Incheon, Seoul–Gimpo, Shanghai–Pudong, Shanghai Hongqiao, Tokyo–Narita, Tokyo–Haneda, Taipei–Taoyuan, Nanjing
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong[36]
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Cargolux Luxembourg
SF Airlines Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Shanghai–Pudong, Wuxi, Shenzhen, Macau
China Postal Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Nanjing
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Almaty[37]
FedEx Express Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Osaka–Kansai
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt

Ground transportation[edit]

Aboard the Airport Express train

Intra-terminal transportation[edit]

Terminal 3 consists of three sub-concourses. Both domestic and international travelers check in at T3C. Gates for domestic flights are in T3C and T3D (solely for domestic Air China flights), while international flights are handled in T3E. The 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) trip between T3C and T3E is shortened to 2–5 minutes by an automated people mover.

Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

The airport provides free inter-terminal shuttle bus between Terminals 1/2 and 3. The buses set out every 10 minutes from 6 am to 11 pm, and every 30 minutes from 11pm till 6am. Terminals 1 and 2 are connected by a lengthy corridor.


Beijing Capital International Airport is served by the Airport Express Line of the Beijing Subway. The 28.1 km (17.5 mi) line runs from Terminal 3 to Terminal 2 and then to the city with stops at Sanyuanqiao and Dongzhimen. The line opened on 19 July 2008, in time for the 2008 Olympics. A one-way trip takes approximately 16–20 minutes and costs ¥25. The running hours are 6:35-23:10 for T2, 6:20-22:50 for T3 and 6:00-22:30 for Dongzhimen.[38]


Main article: Beijing Airport Bus

The airport offers bus service to and from points throughout the city including Xidan, Beijing Railway Station, Beijing South Station, Beijing West Station, Zhongguancun, Fangzhuang and Shangdi on eleven airport bus routes. The airport buses run to each of the three terminals and cost ¥16 per ride. The airport buses accept only paper tickets that are sold at each terminal and certain bus stops in the city. The airport also offers bus service to and from neighboring cities including Tianjin, Qinhuangdao, Baoding, Langfang and Tangshan.


Taxi service from the airport to Beijing is available. Normal taxis (not limousines) are on the meter, and a normal reasonable price to downtown Beijing is around ¥150.


Toll plaza at Xiaotianzhu on the Airport Expressway, which goes to Terminals 1 and 2.
Toll plaza on the 2nd Airport Expressway and entrance to parking garage at Terminal 3.

The airport is accessible by four express tollways. Two of these run directly from northeastern Beijing to the airport. The other two connect to the airport from nearby highways.

  • The Airport Expressway is a 20 km (12 mi) toll road that runs from the northeastern 3rd Ring Road at Sanyuanqiao directly to Terminals 1 and 2. It was built in the 1990s and has served as the primary road connection to the city.
  • The 2nd Airport Expressway, opened in 2008, is a 15.6 km (9.7 mi) toll road that runs east from Yaojiayuan Lu at the eastern 5th Ring Road and then north to Terminal 3.
  • The Northern Airport Line, opened in 2006, is an 11.3 km (7.0 mi) toll road that runs east from the Jingcheng Expressway to Terminals 1 and 2.
  • The Southern Airport Line, opened in 2008, is a toll road that runs parallel and to the south of the Northern Airport Line from the Jingcheng Expressway to the eastern Sixth Ring Road at the Litian Bridge. This highway crosses the Airport Expressway and 2nd Airport Expressway, and enables drivers on the former to reach Terminal 3 and the latter to head to Terminals 1 and 2.

In addition to the expressways, there is a tree-lined, two-lane road that runs just south of the Airport Expressway. This Old Airport Road was the primary access route to the airport prior to the expressway's opening and remains the only untolled road to the airport.


The airport's parking garage offers 24-hour parking service.


Traffic Rank Year
List of airports by passenger traffic 2 2014
List of airports by traffic movements 5 2014
List of airports by cargo traffic 12 2014


Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Change from previous year Movements Cargo
2007[41] 53,611,747 399,209 1,416,211.3
2008[41] 55,938,136 Increase04.3% 429,646 1,367,710.3
2009[42] 65,375,095 Increase016.9% 487,918 1,475,656.8
2010[43] 73,948,114 Increase013.1% 517,585 1,551,471.6
2011[44] 78,674,513 Increase06.4% 533,166 1,640,231.8
2012[3] 81,929,359 Increase04.1% 557,167 1,787,027
2013[45] 83,712,355 Increase02.2% 567,759 1,843,681
2014[46] 86,128,313 Increase02.9% 581,952 1,848,251
2015 89,900,000 Increase04.4% 594,785 1,843,543
2016 94,393,000 Increase05.6% 606,086 1,831,167

Other facilities[edit]

Beijing Capital Airlines has its headquarters in the Capital Airlines Building (首都航空大厦 Shǒudū Hángkōng Dàshà) at the airport.[47][48]

Sister airports[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Beijing Capital International Airport
  2. ^ "Beijing Capital International airport – Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "31 March 2014 Preliminary world airport traffic and rankings 2013" (PDF). 31 March 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Map from (Archive)
  5. ^ "首都国际机场的历史沿革_新浪旅游_新浪网". Retrieved 2015-07-15. 
  6. ^ "Beijing Airport's third runway opens on Monday". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "". Archived from the original on 2 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "AAPA members' international traffic falls in July; Beijing now busiest airport in the region". 5 September 2008. 
  9. ^ WANG XIAODONG (14 January 2013). "New capital airport cleared for takeoff". China Daily. 
  10. ^ Cantle, Katie (5 February 2013). "China's SkyTeam carriers will move to new Beijing airport". ATW Plus. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c "Beijing Airport, Beijing Capital International Airport - PEK, ZBAA". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  12. ^ China Southern, Xiamen Airlines and Chongqing Airlines move to Terminal 2
  13. ^ HNA Group domestic routes move to Terminal 1
  14. ^ Company Introduction – About Us – BCIA
  15. ^ "Beijing Airport opens new section for passengers"
  16. ^ "China's Beijing airport hit in blast protest". BBC News. 20 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  17. ^ Zhang, Dayu (20 July 2013). "Man sets off black powder in Beijing airport". CNN. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Beijing Airport Operational Capacity
  19. ^ "Air China plans Astana launch in June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  20. ^
  21. ^ "Air China resumes Zurich service from June 2017". Routesonline. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Beijing Capital plans Lisbon debut in July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 13 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "China Eastern to Launch Beijing - Guangzhou Route from June 2015". 14 May 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  24. ^ 东航新开北京—旭川航线 由空客A321执飞_民航新闻_民航资源网
  25. ^ China Eastern flies Beijing-Bali for New Year -China Economic Net. Retrieved on 12 April 2014.
  26. ^ MegaMaldives Adds New Service from Jan 2016 | Airline Route
  27. ^ "Nok Air plans Beijing launch in May 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 13 March 2017. 
  28. ^
  29. ^ "Shenzhen Airlines to Start Beijing - Osaka Flight from July 2015". 29 April 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  30. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  31. ^ UNITED Adds Guam – Beijing Charters in Feb 2016 | Airline Route
  32. ^ L, J (17 September 2015). "Ural Airlines to Adds New Beijing – Bangkok Service from late-Oct 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  33. ^ "Ural Airlines files Krabi schedule from Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  34. ^
  35. ^ "Vietnam Airlines Adds Nha Trang/Cam Ranh - Beijing from mid-Jan 2016". 31 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  36. ^ "Hong Kong International Airport – Real Time Flight Information – Cargo Departure". Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  37. ^ "Etihad Crystal Cargo Schedule" (PDF). 
  38. ^ "Beijing Capital International Airport" ChinaTour.Net Accessed 2014-12-4
  39. ^ "Conde Nast names Beijing as best airport of 2009". Archived from the original on 8 October 2009. 
  40. ^ "World's best airports announced – Asia dominates" CNN Go. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012
  41. ^ a b "2008年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 12 March 2009. Archived from the original on 24 May 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  42. ^ "2009年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 5 February 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  43. ^ "2010年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  44. ^ 2011年全国机场吞吐量排名 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 21 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  45. ^ 2013年民航机场吞吐量排名 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2013-03-24. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  46. ^ 2014年民航机场吞吐量排名 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 3 April 2015. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-03. 
  47. ^ "联系方式." Beijing Capital Airlines. Retrieved on 26 August 2012. "北京首都国际机场货运北路3号首都航空大厦"
  48. ^ "youjidizhi.doc." (Archive[dead link]) Beijing Capital Airlines. Retrieved on 26 August 2012. "Address: Capital Airlines Building, No 3, North Cargo Road, Beijing Capital International Airport"
  49. ^ "CDA and the Beijing Capital International Airport Company establish "Sister Airport" Agreement". Retrieved 21 June 2012. [permanent dead link]
  50. ^
  51. ^ "Media Center – Press Release – Hong Kong and Beijing Airports Become "Sister Airports" – Hong Kong International Airport". 28 October 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  52. ^ "Beijing Capital Airport Signs Sister Airports Agreement with Los Angeles". 7 December 2011. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  53. ^ "Manchester Airport Links Up With Beijing | Property & Business". Manchester Confidential. 21 August 2011. Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  54. ^ "Munich Adds Beijing to List of Sister Airports – News". PATA. 21 October 2011. Archived from the original on 17 January 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  55. ^ "Suvarnabhumi Airport". Suvarnabhumi Airport. 1 March 2011. Archived from the original on 21 May 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  56. ^ "Beijing and Sydney Establish Sister Airport Relationship". International Airport Review. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 

External links[edit]