Beijing Daxing International Airport

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Beijing Daxing International Airport
北京大兴国际机场
Model of Beijing New Airport at the Five-Year Achievements Exhibition (20171015150600).jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Serves Jingjinji
Location Daxing, Beijing & Guangyang, Langfang (Hebei)
Opened 1 October 2019 (expected)
Time zone China Standard Time (+8)
Elevation AMSL 98 ft / 30 m
Map
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Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R 3,400 11,155 Asphalt
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
01L/19R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
01R/19L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
10L/28R 3,000 9,843 Asphalt
10R/28L 3,000 9,843 Asphalt
03/21 2,000 6,562 Concrete

Beijing Daxing International Airport (IATA: unknown; ICAO: unknown), located on the border of Beijing and Langfang, Hebei Province, is Beijing's second international airport and is currently under construction.[2] As of June 2018, the official name of the this airport has not yet been finalized.[3] The terminal building is expected to be completed on July 15, 2019 and the airport is expected to be open on October 1st later same year.[4]Upon completion, it will serve as a major international hub airport in Northern China. With 4 runways, 268 parking bays, and a 700,000 square meter terminal area, the airport is expected to be the world's largest international airport upon completion. The new airport is also expecting total 7 runways in the future in order to accommodate 620,000 flights and 100 million passengers each year[5][6][7][8].

The new airport is 46km from Tian'anmen Square 26km from downtown Langfang City, and 50km from Xiong'an New Area. The new airport is expected to serve Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei.[9] All flights from Beijing Nanyuan Airport, which is currently only used by China United Airlines, will be transferred to the new airport.[10]

Nine passenger and one cargo (China Post Airlines) airlines signed agreements with the Capital Airport Group to enter the new airport. The nine passenger airlines are: China Southern Airlines Group Corporation, China Eastern Airlines Corporation (including China United Airlines), Capital Airlines, Hebei Airlines, Spring Airlines, Okay Airways, Juneyao Airlines, and Donghai Airlines. According to the relevant documents of the National Development and Reform Commission and the Civil Aviation Administration of China, SkyTeam members represented by China Southern, China Eastern, and Air France will be stationed in the Beijing New Airport as a whole, while Star Alliance members represented by Air China and United Airlines will stay the existing Beijing Capital International Airport. After the transition, Beijing Nanyuan Airport (currently solely occupied by China United Airlines) will be dismantled.

Design[edit]

The airport's master plan has been designed by airport consulting firm NACO and will feature a ground transportation centre providing the airport with public transportation links to high-speed rail, metro, expressways, Beijing Airport Bus routes, local buses and inter-airport transportation system.[11]

The terminal building was designed by ADPI in collaboration with Zaha Hadid Architects and other consultants. It will consist of a central hub with six curved spokes.[12]

Airport facilities[edit]

The first phase of the airport project is designed with a target of 72 million passengers, 20 million tons of cargo and mail, and 620,000 aircraft movements in 2025. The level of the flight zone is 4F, and the total project investment is 79.98 billion yuan.

Runway[edit]

A new high

Terminal[edit]

A new high

Apron[edit]

Other[edit]

Ground Transportation[edit]

Mainline Railway[edit]

A new high speed railway service, the Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway, is under construction and will start from Beijing West railway station. It will connect the urban area of Beijing, Daxing District of Beijing, the new airport, Bazhou, and finally Xiong'an. The section between the airport to Beijing will operate at speeds of 250 km/h and the section between the airport to Xiong'an will operate at speeds of 350 km/h; Bringing the end to end journey time between the two cities to about 30 minutes[13] and Beijing to the airport in about 11 minutes.[14] The airport to Beijing section is expected to open in September 2019 while the airport to Xiong'an section in late 2020.[14]

Another intercity railway, the Capital Airport to Beijing New Airport intercity railway connector (首都机场至北京新机场城际铁路联络线), will connect Langfang, Yizhuang, Beijing Sub-administrative Center in Tongzhou District and Beijing Capital International Airport to the new airport. Phase I of the intercity railway connector (New Airport to Langfang East railway station) will start construction in 2018 and finish in 2022. The speed of Phase I of the intercity railway connector is 200 km/h.[15]

Subway[edit]

The New Airport line of the Beijing Subway is currently under construction and will connect the airport to the urban area of Beijing. The line will be opened in 2019.

In addition, Line 20 (Line R4) of the Beijing Subway is planned to terminate at the new airport.[16]

Development history[edit]

A second airport for Beijing was proposed in 2008.[17] By 2012, the existing Beijing Capital International Airport was running at near its full design capacity.[18][19]

Initial proposals[edit]

Early media reports during September 2011 suggested that there could be up to 9 runways: 8 runways for civil aviation plus one runway dedicated to military usage.[20][9][10][21][22] It would replace Beijing Capital International Airport (which had 83 million passengers in 2013, second most in the world) as the main airport of Beijing and the largest in China and was being planned as a domestic-only airport. The airport was planned to be able to handle 120 to 200 million passengers a year, which, if capacity were fully used, would make it the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic, surpassing Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport by far.[23]

It is not yet decided how flights will be divided between the two Beijing Airports. One suggestion was planning to have one airport focus on international flights and the other to focus on domestic flights.[24] The airport was scheduled to relocate both SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines to the new airport with Star Alliance airlines and other airlines remaining at Capital, effectively making both airports international hubs.[25] However, on 30 July 2016, it was announced that China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines along with other SkyTeam airlines will move to the new airport while Air China, other Star Alliance carriers, and presumably Oneworld carriers remaining at Capital.[26]

Approval for construction[edit]

Official approval for construction by the Chinese State Council and officials was given on Sunday, 13 January 2013. It called for an airport to be constructed in the southern part of Daxing, along the Hebei border. No design or plans were released due to ongoing negotiations. It was stated that it would consist of 7 runways, 6 for civilian use and 1 for military purposes. Construction is expected to be completed in September 2019[27] with a capacity of handling 75 million passengers by 2025. The estimated cost of construction is at least 70 billion RMB (US$11.2 billion), including the 37 km (23 mi) Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway (Beijing section), to Beijing West Railway Station.[17][28]

Construction[edit]

Construction of the airport began on December 26, 2014.[29]

By March 2017, the terminal had its concrete structure capped.[30]

In December 2017, hundreds of Qing dynasty tombs were discovered during construction.[31][32]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
China China Southern DomesticAnshanBeihaiChangbaishanChangchunChangdeChangshaChangzhiChengduChongqingDalianDaqingGanzhouGuangzhouGuilinGuiyangHaikouHangzhouHarbinHeiheHuaihuaKunmingLhasaMoheNanchongNanjingNanningNanyang, Ningbo, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Jieyang, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Ürümqi, [[Wuhan Tianhe International Airport|Wuhan]], Xiamen, Xi'an, XiningYanjiYichunYinchuanYiwuYongzhouZhangjiajieZhanjiangZhengzhouZhuhai
HK, Macau, TaiwanHong Kong
AsiaSeoul–IncheonSeoul–GimpoToyamaManilaPhnom PenhDubai
EuropeAmsterdamIstanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Laoag International Airport[33]
China China Eastern DomesticChangchun大连大庆德宏/芒市恩施哈尔滨汉中杭州合肥淮安黄山加格达奇嘉峪关济宁昆明兰州连云港丽江临沂洛阳泸州南昌南京宁波普洱黔江青岛上海-浦东上海-虹桥太原腾冲温州武汉无锡西安西双版纳烟台银川
亚洲东京-成田大阪-关西旭川福冈名古屋冈山巴厘岛德里达卡内比都
大洋洲悉尼塞班岛
China China United Airlines Baotou长沙长治Changzhou成都重庆万州佛山Fuyang福州Guangzhou海拉尔Hangzhou呼和浩特连云港临沂满洲里南阳鄂尔多斯衢州Shanghai-Pudong三亚乌鲁木齐WuxiYulinWenzhou
China Shanghai Airlines HangzhouShanghai-HongqiaoChongqing
China Xiamen Airlines 厦门福州长沙龙岩泉州武夷山杭州舟山
China Hebei Airlines 待定
Taiwan China Airlines Taipei-TaoyuanKaohsiung
South Korea Korean Air Seoul–IncheonSeoul–GimpoBusan济州
Indonesia 嘉魯達印尼航空 雅加达巴厘岛
Vietnam 越南航空 河内
季節性:金蘭
Italy 意大利航空 羅馬-菲烏米奇諾
France Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Template:Country data HOL KLM Amsterdam
Russia Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
United States Delta Airlines Seattle–Tacoma, Detroit

References[edit]

  1. ^ 北京大兴国际机场 北京大兴国际机场
  2. ^ "CRI: Beijing Builds World's Biggest Airport due to Necessity". CRI. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  3. ^ "New Beijing airport touted as world's busiest: media". In.reuters.com. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  4. ^ "New Beijing airport to open on Oct 1, 2019, able to accommodate 620,000 flights per year". The Straits Times. China Daily. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Drescher, Cynthia. "The World's Biggest Airport Terminal Will Officially Open in 2019". Condé Nast Traveler. 
  6. ^ "The World's Biggest Airport Will Open in 2019". Travel + Leisure. 
  7. ^ US</a>, <a target='_blank' href='http://www.businessinsider.com/author/danielle-muoio/?IR=T'>Danielle Muoio</a>, <a target='_blank' href='http://www.businessinsider.com/?IR=T'>Business Insider (18 October 2017). "Beijing has unveiled a $12 billion airport set to be the biggest in the world — here's the first look". Business Insider Singapore. 
  8. ^ "Beijing plans to build world's largest airport - Indian Express". archive.indianexpress.com. 
  9. ^ a b Joanna Corrigan (2011-09-14). "Mail Online: China plans third airport for Beijing which will outstrip Heathrow as the world's busiest". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  10. ^ a b "Gigantic airport to be built in China". Wanderlust. 2011-09-15. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  11. ^ Alex Davies (2012-10-09). "Beijing Is Building An Airport That's Bigger Than JFK, LaGuardia, And Newark Combined". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  12. ^ "The world's largest airport terminal planned for China". The Telegraph. 2015-04-28. Retrieved 2017-01-03. 
  13. ^ "京雄城际铁路今开工 北京段明年9月开通运营(图)". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-05-21. 
  14. ^ a b Liu, Charles (1 March 2018). "Get to New Beijing Airport in Just 11 Minutes, Xiong'an in 30 With New High-Speed Express". the Beijinger. True Run Media. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  15. ^ "新机场又一交通动脉下月开工!与廊涿城际接驳,京南楼市利好". www.sohu.com. 2018-05-05. Retrieved 2018-05-21. 
  16. ^ "北京新机场航站楼2019年7月建成 8分抵最远登机口-新华网". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2018-05-21. 
  17. ^ a b "China Daily USA - New capital airport cleared for takeoff". Usa.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  18. ^ "CNN Travel - Beijing approves US$11.2 billion international airport". Travel.cnn.com. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  19. ^ "Beijing Capital Airport to Reach Its Design Capacity of 80 Million Passengers Within This Year". WCarn.com. 2012-05-24. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  20. ^ Jonathan Watts in Beijing (2011-09-08). "Beijing set to become world's busiest aviation hub with new mega-airport". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  21. ^ Economic Times: China plans to build world's biggest airport near Beijing Archived May 27, 2012, at Archive.is
  22. ^ "Beijing's 2nd airport to be ready by 2017". China Daily. 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  23. ^ "Beijing plans to build world's largest airport". Indian Express. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  24. ^ "China Daily USA - Beijing's new airport expects inaugural flight in 2017". Usa.chinadaily.com.cn. 2011-06-21. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  25. ^ "Beijing's Second Airport Allocated To SkyTeam Carriers". Aviation Week. 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  26. ^ http://english.cri.cn/12394/2016/07/30/3521s936025.htm
  27. ^ "首都新机场跑道呈三纵一横分布 规划7条跑道". news.carnoc.com. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  28. ^ "Chinese government approves construction of second Beijing airport". FlightGlobal. 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  29. ^ "Construction begins on 2nd international airport in Beijing". Asahi Shimbun. 2014-12-26. Archived from the original on 2014-12-30. Retrieved 2014-12-30. 
  30. ^ Beijing's new airport terminal capped
  31. ^ https://www.thebeijinger.com/blog/2017/12/17/imperial-era-tombs-discovered-site-new-beijing-mega-airport
  32. ^ "【清代墓葬】大兴新机场发现228座古墓!现场照片惊人". 15 December 2017. 
  33. ^ "存档副本" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2009-04-21.  Text "2010-06-01" ignored (help)

Coordinates: 39°30′42″N 116°24′38″E / 39.51167°N 116.41056°E / 39.51167; 116.41056