Beijing Normal University

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Beijing Normal University
北京师范大学
BNU logo 2.png
Latin: Universitas Normalis Pechinum
Motto学为人师,行为世范[1]
Motto in English
Learn, so as to instruct others; Act, to serve as a model for all.[2]
TypePublic
Established1902; 120 years ago (1902)
PresidentDong Qi (董奇)
Academic staff
Over 3,086
StudentsOver 24,700
Undergraduates10,260
Postgraduates12,891
Address
19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, HaiDian District zipcode 100875
, ,
People's Republic of China
CampusUrban, 738,779 m2 (7,952,150 sq ft)
WebsiteChinese Version
English Version
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese北京师范大学
Traditional Chinese北京師範大學

Beijing Normal University (BNU, Chinese: 北京师范大学), colloquially known as Beishida (北师大), is a public research university located in Beijing, China, with a strong emphasis on humanities and sciences.[3][4][5] It is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China[6] as part of Class A Double First Class University in the Double First Class University Plan and was designated by the Chinese Ministry of Education as a member of Project 985 and Project 211.[7]

"Normal school" refers to an institution that trained schoolteachers in the early 20th century. The title is preserved in the names of Chinese institutions after they developed into comprehensive universities. It also reflects BNU's heritage as a Faculty of Education member of the Imperial University of Peking which was established as China's first modern university.

BNU ranked first among universities that originated as “normal schools”.[8] The Faculty of Education is considered the best in China according to several widely cited international rankings, including the QS World University Rankings,[9] the Academic Ranking of World Universities,[10] and the University Ranking by Academic Performance.[11] BNU is ranked 36th among the Global Top 100 Innovative Universities according to the World's Universities with Real Impacts (WURI) Ranking 2021.[12]

History[edit]

The university grew out of the Faculty of Education at the Imperial University of Peking by the emperor after the Hundred Days' Reform in 1898. In 1908 the Faculty of Education was named the "Imperial Capital School of Supreme Teacher Training" and separated from the Imperial University of Peking which subsequently became Peking University.

A memorial for three students killed in the March 18 Massacre, 1926

In 1912, after the Republic of China was established, the Imperial Capital School of Supreme Teacher Training was renamed Peking Normal College. The college established its first graduate programs in 1920 and began accepting female students in 1921. In 1923 it was renamed Peking Normal University and became the first normal university in modern Chinese history. The Peking Women's College of Education merged into Peking Normal University in 1931.

When the Communist Party established the People's Republic of China in 1949 the capital of Peking was renamed, via pinyin, as Beijing and the university was consequently renamed Beijing Normal University. During a national initiative of university rearrangement in 1952 Fu Jen Catholic University merged with Beijing Normal University. In 1954 BNU moved from its Hepingmen campus to the newly established campus at Beitaipingzhuang.

Historically, students at Beijing Normal University have played major roles in patriotic, democratic and other social movements, including the May Fourth Movement in 1919, the Cultural Revolution and the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. The New York Times described it as "one of the most progressive institutions" in China.[13] During the Cultural Revolution Beijing Normal University students made up the majority of Red Guards, a Maoist movement that killed thousands of people and attempted to destroy what they saw as "outdated" and "backwards" artifacts and cultural institutions.[14][15]

Present[edit]

Beijing Normal University was selected to be a Project 211 institution in 1996. In 2002, BNU signed an agreement with the Ministry of Education and Beijing municipal government to become the 10th university participating in Project 985, through which it receives special support from the Chinese government aimed at elevating its reputation to the level of a "world-class" university.[16]

Campus view

During its centennial celebration in 2002 an asteroid discovered in 1996 was named after the university as 8050 Beishida.

After a special visit by Premier Wen Jiabao to the university on May 4, 2006, the Chinese government implemented a tuition-waiver policy for teacher training programs in six normal universities that are supervised by the Ministry of Education, including Beijing Normal University.

The university has a strong emphasis on increasing educational equity. Its 2009 demographic data shows that 40% of its enrolled students were from western China, one third were from rural areas and a quarter were from low-income families. Ethnic minorities comprised more than 10% of students.[17]

Academics[edit]

As of the year 2020, the university has 74 undergraduate degree programs, 185 master programs and 142 doctoral programs. Sixteen of them are honored as "national key disciplines", including 5 general disciplines and 11 specialized disciplines, which are recognized among the top ranked programs in China:

National Key Disciplines at Beijing Normal University
Education Psychology
Chinese Language and Literature Mathematics
Geography Cell Biology
Marxist Philosophy Physical Chemistry
Ancient Chinese History System Sciences
Theory of History Theoretical Physics
Folklore/Anthropology Environmental Science
Ecology Educational Economics and Management

Beijing Normal University possesses 74 research laboratories, including 4 National Key Labs, 7 Key Labs of the Ministry of Education and 5 Key Labs of the Beijing Municipality. Key research centers and facilities include 7 key research facilities in humanities and social sciences of the Ministry of Education, 2 research centers of Engineering and Technology of the Beijing Municipality, 3 research centers jointly established with the Beijing Municipality, and more than 40 other research centers. Additionally, the university has an institute dedicated to Proteomics, the only one established in a university by the Ministry of Education. The university has also established a Science Park comprising 6 hectares.

The Mu Duo Gilded Bell
National Key Laboratories at Beijing Normal University
National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning[18]
National Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology[19]
National Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science[20]
National Key Laboratory of Water Environmental simulation[21]

Beijing Normal University's annual research budget in the sciences exceeds RMB 100 million. In 2010, 150 projects were funded by the National Natural Science Foundation, with a record high amount of RMB 62 million (compared with 44.7 million in 2009 and 37 million in 2007).[22]

Funding for research in the humanities and social sciences has increased rapidly in the last five years to RMB 150 million, the third largest budget nationally. Since 2002, the annual increase in budget has been over RMB 30 million, equating to RMB 40,000 per capita. This increase in funding reflects BNU's institutional commitment to basic theory and research in the humanities and social sciences.

International Collaboration[edit]

Beijing Normal University is part of a university consortium, including the University for Continuing Education Krems, Eötvös Loránd University, Hochschule Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology and the University of Tampere, which offers an Erasmus+ joint master's degree and a Master in Research and Innovation in Higher Education.[23]

Beijing Normal University was among the first Chinese institutions to accept international students. It is particularly popular for its Mandarin Chinese study programs. Among its most prestigious programs is Princeton in Beijing, a collaboration with Princeton University in the United States.[24]

The university collaborates with the Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS) on SUSS's Master of Arts in Chinese Language and Literature.[25]

Beijing Normal University is the seat of the BRICS Universities League Secretariat with BNU as a leading university in terms of BRICS higher education and academic cooperation.[26]

Rankings and reputation[edit]

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[27]200-300 (2021)
QS World[28]=270 (2022)
THE World[29]251-300 (2022)
THE Reputation[30]126-150 (2021)
USNWR Global[31]295 (2022)
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[32]51 (2021)
QS BRICS[33]27 (2019)
THE Asia[34]36 (2021)
THE Emerging Economies[35]17 (2021)
USNWR Asia[36]48 (2022)
National – Overall
BCUR National[37]13 (2021)
QS National[38]12 (2021)
THE National[39]10 (2021)
Undergraduate dormitories

BNU ranked No.1 in China among universities that originated as “normal schools”.[8] The Faculty of Education is considered the best in China according to several widely cited international rankings, including the QS World University Rankings,[9] the Academic Ranking of World Universities,[10] and the University Ranking by Academic Performance.[11] In 2021, BNU was ranked 24th[40] and 28th[41] globally in the QS World University Rankings by Subjects and the Times Higher Education Rankings by Subjects for "Education and Training" respectively, which are historical strengths for the Faculty of Education that originated as a "normal university".

BNU is ranked 36th among the Global Top 100 Innovative Universities according to the World's Universities with Real Impacts (WURI) Ranking 2021.[12]

According to the 2021 QS World University Rankings, BNU was ranked among the top 170 in "Arts and Humanities", "Social Sciences & Management" and "Natural Science" related subjects.[3][5][4]

Beijing Normal University consistently features in the top 300th global universities as ranked by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Rankings, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the U.S. News & World Report.[42][43][44][45] Internationally, Beijing Normal University was regarded as one of the most reputable Chinese universities by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings where, it has ranked 126-150th globally.[6]

Schools and Departments[edit]

The administration building (front) and library (behind) of Beijing Normal University
  • Faculty of Education[47]
  • School of Chinese Language and Literature[48]
  • School of Law
  • School of Economy and Business Administration
  • School of Foreign Language and Culture[49]
  • School of Life Science
  • School of Chemistry
  • School of Resources[50]
  • School of Geography
  • Department of Astronomy[51]
  • School of Mathematics
  • School of History
  • School of Philosophy
  • Department of Physics
  • School of Systems Science[52]
  • School of Psychology[53]
  • School of Social Development and Public Policy[54]
  • School of Arts and Mass Media
  • School of Environment
  • School of Sociology

Beijing Normal University also has many other areas of study not mentioned above.

Campus[edit]

Gymnasium and Recreation Complex

The main campus is in the Haidian District,[55] with other Beijing campuses in the Changping District and Xicheng District as well as a campus in Zhuhai, Guangdong.[56]

The original campus was near Hepingmen and Liulichang in the center of Beijing during the Republic of China period. After Fu Jen University merged with BNU the Fu Jen campus in Shichahai became the Northern Campus of BNU.

Beijing Normal University's current campus was built in 1954. It is located in central northwest Beijing in Haidian district between the second and third ring roads. It is the closest of all Haidian universities to Tiananmen Square, site of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, during which several BNU students were involved as student leaders.

Its campus hosted the U.S. Olympic Team during the 2008 Beijing Olympics.[57][58]

Notable alumni[edit]

Affiliated high schools[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "北京师范大学简介". Beijing Normal University. Archived from the original on June 29, 2014. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "Beijing Normal University". English Home Page. Beijing Normal University. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2021: Arts & Humanities". Top Universities. Retrieved 2021-03-04.
  4. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2021: Natural Sciences". Top Universities. Retrieved 2021-03-04.
  5. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2021: Social Sciences & Management". Top Universities. Retrieved 2021-03-04.
  6. ^ a b "World Reputation Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2021-10-25. Retrieved 2021-10-27.
  7. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)".
  8. ^ a b "china university rankings 2022". www.shanghairanking.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  9. ^ a b "Education". Top Universities. 2020-02-25. Retrieved 2020-10-02.
  10. ^ a b "2020 Ranking of china's best disciplines (education)". www.shanghairanking.cn. Archived from the original on 2020-10-23. Retrieved 2021-10-02.
  11. ^ a b "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance 2021-2022: Education Subject". urapcenter.org. Retrieved 2022-08-12.
  12. ^ a b "Global Top 100 Innovative Universities - WURI". WURI. Retrieved 2021-10-15.
  13. ^ Wines, Michael (2 November 2009). "China Dismisses Minister of Education". The New York Times.
  14. ^ Ma, Aiping; Si, Lina; Zhang, Hongfei (2009), "The evolution of cultural tourism: The example of Qufu, the birthplace of Confucius", in Ryan, Chris; Gu, Huimin (eds.), Tourism in China: destination, cultures and communities, Routledge advances in tourism, Taylor & Francis US, p. 183, ISBN 978-0-415-99189-6
  15. ^ "Asiaweek article". Asiaweek. 3 January 1984 – via Google Books.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-18. Retrieved 2010-10-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "钟秉林谈师范生教育:毕业生已供大于求(图)". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  18. ^ "National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning". 2015-07-06. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  19. ^ "State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology (Beijing Normal University)". Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  20. ^ "遥感科学国家重点实验室". www.slrss.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  21. ^ "欢迎访问水环境模拟国家重点实验室网站". 2011-05-22. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-30. Retrieved 2010-10-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Home - Marihe - Master in Research and Innovation in Higher Education". www.marihe.eu. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  24. ^ "PRINCETON in BEIJING -". www.princeton.edu.
  25. ^ "Collaborations with Overseas Universities". SUSS. 29 May 2018. Archived from the original on 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  26. ^ "University League helps push talent into the world". www.chinadaily.com.cn. 2017-09-05. Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  27. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2020 - Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020 - Top 1000 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2020". Shanghairanking.com.
  28. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2021".
  29. ^ "World University Rankings 2021". Time Higher Education. 2020-09-02. Archived from the original on 2020-09-02. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
  30. ^ "THE Reputation World University Rankings 2021". 27 October 2021.
  31. ^ "US News World University Rankings 2022".
  32. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia 2021". Retrieved 29 November 2020.
  33. ^ "QS University Rankings: BRICS 2019". Top Universities.
  34. ^ "THE Asia University Rankings". 18 May 2021.
  35. ^ "THE Emerging University Rankings 2021". 3 March 2021.
  36. ^ "US News Asia University Rankings 2022". Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  37. ^ "Overall Ranking, Best Chinese Universities Rankings - 2021". www.shanghairanking.com.
  38. ^ "QS Mainland China University Rankings".
  39. ^ "THE Chinese University Rankings". 25 August 2020 – via Wikipedia.
  40. ^ "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2021: Education & Training". Top Universities. Retrieved 2021-03-04.
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  42. ^ "Best Global Universities Rankings: Beijing Normal University". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 2014-10-30.
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  45. ^ a b "Beijing Normal University". Times Higher Education (THE). 2020-09-18. Retrieved 2020-09-29.
  46. ^ "World University Rankings - 2014 - China Universities in Top 500 universities - Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2014 - Shanghai Ranking - 2014". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
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  48. ^ "Beijing Normal University". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  49. ^ "北京师范大学外国语言文学学院". www.sfll.bnu.edu.cn.
  50. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2011-12-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  51. ^ "Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University - 北京师范大学天文系". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  52. ^ "北京师范大学系统科学学院". sss.bnu.edu.cn.
  53. ^ 北京师范大学心理学部. "北京师范大学心理学部". psych.bnu.edu.cn.
  54. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2011-12-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  55. ^ "Home". Beijing Normal University. Retrieved 2020-08-17. No.19, Xinjiekouwai St, Haidian District, Beijing, 100875, P.R.China
  56. ^ "Campuses". Beijing Normal University. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
  57. ^ US Olympians Train at Beijing Normal University. YouTube. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  58. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2010-10-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  59. ^ "Dr Filippenko's Dedication of his SJAA Talk - SJAA". SJAA. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  60. ^ "Remarks at the Central Party School Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner Beijing, China As Delivered". www.treasury.gov.
  61. ^ Cross, Ester. "Folt celebrates Beijing Normal University partnership". The Dartmouth. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°57′26″N 116°21′45″E / 39.95722°N 116.36250°E / 39.95722; 116.36250