Beijing South railway station

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Southern façade of Beijing South Railway Station (20170523113230).jpg
Southern façade of Beijing South railway station in May 2017
General information
Other namesBeijing South
LocationYongdingmen Chezhan Lu, Fengtai District, Beijing
Coordinates39°51′57″N 116°22′35″E / 39.86583°N 116.37639°E / 39.86583; 116.37639Coordinates: 39°51′57″N 116°22′35″E / 39.86583°N 116.37639°E / 39.86583; 116.37639
Operated byChina Railway CR Beijing
Beijing Subway Beijing Subway
ConnectionsBus terminal
OpenedChina Railway 1 August 2008
Beijing Subway 28 September 2009
Previous namesMajiapu railway station, Yongdingmen railway station
Beijingnan is located in Beijing
Location in central Beijing

Beijingnan (Beijing South) railway station (Chinese: 北京南站; pinyin: Běijīngnán Zhàn) is a large railway station (mainly serving high speed trains) in Fengtai District, Beijing, about 7.5 km (4.7 mi) south of central Beijing, between the 2nd and 3rd ring roads. The station in its present form opened on 1 August 2008 and replaced the old Beijing South station, originally known as Majiapu railway station and later renamed Yongdingmen railway station, which stood 500 metres away. The old station was in use from 1897 to 2006.[1]

The new Beijing South railway station is the city's largest station, and is one of the largest in Asia. It joins the main Beijing railway station and the Beijing West railway station as one of three main passenger rail hubs in the Chinese capital.[2] It serves as the terminus for high-speed trains on the Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway and Beijing–Shanghai high-speed Railway which can reach speeds up to 350 km/h (217 mph).[3] CRH night sleepers to and from Shanghai also depart from this station.

The station integrates two Beijing Subway line stations, bus hubs (including an airport shuttle bus), and taxi stands, into the same building, and includes a wide variety of restaurants in the station itself.

Design and construction[edit]

Satellite picture of the Beijing South Railway Station in 2017
Beijing South Railway Station

The terminus occupies a 32-hectare (79-acre) site in Fengtai.[4]

The enormous oval-shaped station was designed by the British architecture firm of TFP Farrells in collaboration with the Tianjin Design Institute.[5] It was built from more than 60,000 tons of steel and 490,000 cubic metres (17,304,000 cu ft) of concrete by 4,000 workers in less than three years. The glass ceiling is outfitted with 3,246 solar panels to generate electricity. The structure spreads out like a ray or trilobite and covers 320,000 square metres (3,444,000 sq ft), more than the Beijing National Stadium's 258,000 square metres (2,777,000 sq ft).[2] Its 24 platforms have the capacity to dispatch 30,000 passengers per hour or almost 241 million a year.[6] The 251,000-square-metre (2,702,000 sq ft) waiting area can accommodate 10,000 passengers.

On the elevated departures concourse, there are designated waiting areas and VIP lounges (with better seating and, in the lounges, free food and snacks) for passengers travelling in CRH Business Class, and a number of restaurants and corner shops. There are also a number of ticket counters (where nationwide ticketing services are available) and an increasing number of retail stores and fast food stalls. Ticket machines are available to holders of the PRC ID card and sell tickets for trains departing from this station. 23 sets of ticket gates despatch passengers onto trains.

The arrivals level is underground, with 8 arrival gates situated in the immediate vicinity of the Beijing Subway station concourse. To the sides are two taxi stands, and separated West and East parking lots for private cars (including a mezzanine level). Express entrances have been built, and are presently in use for all C trains to Tianjin, as well as some trains to Shanghai. Ticket machines and a few ticket counters are also available at the arrivals level. As with the departures level, a variety of restaurants and corner shops are also available at the arrivals level. Two floors below the arrivals level are the platforms for Lines 4 and 14, respectively.

Reconstruction began on 10 May 2006,[7] immediately after services ended at the old station. The station was complete for the 1 August 2008 reopening. In 2011 and 2012, new restaurants, fast food stalls, and corner shops were added. To cut queues, traditional counters at the arrival level were replaced with ticket machines.

Local transportation[edit]

As of 2019, public transportation is accessible within the station itself. The Beijing Subway's Beijing South Station subway stop has Line 4 and Line 14 service. The Beijing Bus has three stops at the station. The Beijing Airport Bus provides service to the Beijing Capital International Airport. After 11:30pm, the only public transport option is night buses ()17. A taxi line is available inside the station.


China Railway[edit]


China Railway
China Railway High-speed
General information
Other namesBeijing South
LocationYongdingmen Chezhan Lu, Fengtai District, Beijing
Operated by
Platforms24 (11 island platforms, 2 side platforms)
Other information
Station code
  • TMIS code: 10010
  • Telegram code: VNP
  • Pinyin code: BJN
ClassificationTop Class station
Opened1897 (original)
2008 (current)
Closed2006 (original)
Previous namesMajiapu Station, Yongdingmen
Preceding station China Railways.svg China Railway Following station
Beijing–Shanghai railway Fengtai
towards Shanghai
Preceding station China Railway High-speed China Railway High-speed Following station
Terminus Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway Langfang
Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway Wuqing
towards Binhai

Beijing South Station is the terminal for two China Railway High-speed (CRH) railway lines. The Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway has frequent service to Tianjin. The Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway runs trains to Jinan, Nanjing, and Shanghai, with several trains continuing to Hangzhou and Ningbo. This railway also has services to Qingdao (via the Jiao'ao–Jinan branch),[8] Hefei (via the Bengbu–Hefei branch)[9][10] and Fuzhou (via the Hefei–Fuzhou High-Speed Railway). There is also a service to Northeast China. In July 2013, travel time to Hangzhou was cut by one hour for direct services that skip Shanghai.

Beijing Subway[edit]

Beijingnan Zhan (Beijing South Railway Station)[11]

Beijing Subway
Platform of L4 Beijing South Railway Station (20210129164324).jpg
Line 4 platform
General information
LocationFengtai District, Beijing
Operated byBeijing MTR Corporation Limited
Platforms4 (2 island platforms)
Structure typeUnderground
Disabled accessYes
  • 28 September 2009 (line 4)
  • 26 December 2015 (line 14)
Preceding station Beijing Subway simplified logo.svg Beijing Subway Following station
towards Anheqiaobei
Line 4 Majiapu
towards Tiangongyuan
Jingfengmen Line 14 Yongdingmenwai
towards Shangezhuang

Beijingnan Zhan (Beijing South railway station)[11] is a subway station on Line 4 and Line 14 of the Beijing Subway in China.[12] It is located under the building of Beijing South railway station. The station opened on 28 September 2009, when the whole Line 4 was put in operation.[13] The station on average has 135,000 entrances and exits per day.[14]

Beijing South railway station is an underground station with one platform and two side tracks. Line 4 runs at the station in the direction north–south, and Line 14 runs west–east.

Station Layout[edit]

The line 4 and line 14 station both has underground island platforms.


  1. ^ "Farewell, centenary Beijing South Railway Station", People's Daily May 12, 2006
  2. ^ a b "South station on track to impress" People's Daily Online July 24, 2008
  3. ^ Patil, Reshma, "Aboard the Beijing Bullet, lessons for Delhi" Hindustan Times Archived February 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Aug. 3, 2008
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Beijing South Station" accessed Aug. 4, 2008
  6. ^ Spring, Martin "The best china: 10 of the most spectacular new Chinese buildings" Building July 4, 2008.
  7. ^ "Beijing South Railway Station Reconstruction Project Near Completion". Getty Images. 25 December 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  8. ^ 北京南列车时刻表 Archived September 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (Beijing South trains schedule) (in Chinese)
  9. ^ G263次列车开通 坐高铁去合肥仅需4小时
  10. ^ Hefei-Bengbu Passenger Special Railway Sells Tickets Today Archived 2014-08-26 at the Wayback Machine 2012-10-11
  11. ^ a b "北京地铁线路图". 北京地铁. Archived from the original on 31 December 2021.
  12. ^ 北京南 (in Chinese). Beijing Municipal Government. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  13. ^ "Beijing". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  14. ^ "我市轨道交通网络化运营效果凸显". 北京市交通委员会. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2013.

External links[edit]