Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock

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The Rt Hon
Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock
GCSI GCIE KCB VD PC
Beilby Lawley, Vanity Fair, 1893-01-28.jpg
Governor of Madras
In office
23 January 1891 – 18 March 1896
Governor-General Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne
Victor Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin
Preceded by John Henry Garstin (acting)
Succeeded by Sir Arthur Elibank Havelock
Member of Parliament
for Chester
In office
1880–1880
Monarch Queen Victoria
Preceded by John George Dodson
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Personal details
Born (1849-05-12)12 May 1849
London, England
Died 15 January 1912(1912-01-15) (aged 62)
Portland Place, London, England
Nationality British
Political party Conservative Party
Spouse(s) Lady Constance Mary Lascelles (1882-1912)
Alma mater Eton College,
Cambridge University
Religion Christian

Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock GCSI GCIE KCB VD PC (12 May 1849 – 15 January 1912) was a British soldier, Liberal politician and colonial administrator who was the Governor of Madras from 1891 to 1896.

Early life[edit]

Lawley was the son of Beilby Lawley, 2nd Baron Wenlock and his wife Lady Elizabeth Grosvenor, daughter of Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster. He was educated at Eton College and at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He was commissioned into the Yorkshire Hussars in 1869, and rose to the rank of Captain.

Political career[edit]

Wenlock was active in local affairs as a Justice of the Peace for the East and North Ridings of Yorkshire and as Chairman of East Riding County Council. At the 1880 general election he was elected Member of Parliament for Chester but inherited his peerage later in the year and was elevated to the House of Lords.

Governor of Madras[edit]

In 1890, Lawley was appointed Governor of Madras by the Conservative Party which came to power in the United Kingdom. Beilby Lawley served as the Governor of Madras from 23 January 1891 to 18 March 1896. Lawley laid the foundation stone for the Nilgiri Mountain Railway which was begun in August 1891 when he was Governor.[2] During 1891-92, the northern districts of Madras Presidency were gripped by a terrible famine.[3] The government's persistence in continuing grain export from the districts of Ganjam and Viazgapatm made the situation even worser.[4] Lawley established the Board of Mohammedan Education in 1893. In 1895, Lawley laid the foundation stone for a solar observatory at Kodaikanal.[5] The Wenlock Ward of General Hospital, Madras was established in his memory.

Lawley made significant enlargements to the Government House (now Raj Bahvan), Madras. Lawley also laid the foundation stone of the Madras High Court.[6][7]

Later life[edit]

In 1901 Wenlock was appointed a Privy Counsellor and made a Lord of the Bedchamber[8] to the new Prince of Wales (later George V). He was elected chairman of the East Riding of Yorkshire County Council in January 1902.[9]

Lord Wenlock was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry on 15 May 1902.[10] He also held the honorary colonelcies of several reserve regiments, including the 2nd East Riding of Yorkshire Royal Garrison Artillery (Volunteer Force).[11]

Family[edit]

In 1872 he married Lady Constance Mary Lascelles, (1852–1932), daughter of the 4th Earl of Harewood, by whom he had one daughter: Hon. Irene Constance Lawley (b. 1889). She married Colin Gurden Forbes-Adam of Skipwith, Yorkshire.[12] The Forbes-Adam family retain the Escrick estate which they now operate as a holiday and pleasure park.[13]

He was succeeded in the Barony by his brother Richard.

Honours and awards[edit]

Lord Wenlock received several British Orders and decorations

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lawley, Beilby (LWLY867B)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ "History of Ooty". 
  3. ^ "Starving to Death in Madras: Another terrible famine in some districts of India". The New York Times. 7 August 1891. 
  4. ^ Ghose 1982, p. 380
  5. ^ "Of astronomical significance". The Hindu. 31 May 2001. 
  6. ^ "History of the Madras High Court" (PDF). Madras High Court. 
  7. ^ Restoring the old Article from NewIndPress news website
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27290. p. 1499. 1 March 1901. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  9. ^ "Court Circular" The Times (London). Tuesday, 28 January 1902. (36676), p. 7.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27437. p. 3463. 27 May 1902.
  11. ^ Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881
  12. ^ "thePeerage.com". Retrieved 10 December 2006. 
  13. ^ "Papers of the Forbes Adam/Thompson/Lawley Family of Escrick". Retrieved 14 April 2007. 
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27380. p. 8086. 26 November 1901.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27378. p. 7471. 19 November 1901.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Cecil Raikes
John George Dodson
Member of Parliament for Chester
1880
With: Henry Cecil Raikes
Vacant
Suspension until 1885
Title next held by
Balthazar Walter Foster
Military offices
New title Honorary Colonel of the 2nd East Riding of Yorkshire RGA (Volunteers)
1881–1908
Succeeded by
A.J. Downs
Preceded by
The Lord Herries of Terregles
Honorary Colonel of the East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry
1908–1912
Succeeded by
J.B. Stacey-Clitheroe
New title Honorary Colonel of the 2nd Northumbrian Brigade RFA
1908–1912
Vacant
Title next held by
O. Sanderson
Government offices
Preceded by
John Henry Garstin
Governor of Madras
1891–1895
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Havelock
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Beilby Richard Lawley
Baron Wenlock
1880–1912
Succeeded by
Richard Lawley