Being John Malkovich

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Being John Malkovich
Being John Malkovich poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Spike Jonze
Produced by Michael Stipe
Sandy Stern
Steve Golin
Vincent Landay
Written by Charlie Kaufman
Starring
Music by Carter Burwell
Cinematography Lance Acord
Edited by Eric Zumbrunnen
Production
company
Distributed by USA Films
Release date
  • September 2, 1999 (1999-09-02) (Venice)
  • October 29, 1999 (1999-10-29) (United States)
Running time
112 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $13 million[1]
Box office $32.4 million[1]

Being John Malkovich is a 1999 American fantasy comedy-drama film directed by Spike Jonze and written by Charlie Kaufman, both making their feature film debut. The film stars John Cusack, Cameron Diaz, and Catherine Keener, with John Malkovich and Charlie Sheen as themselves. The film follows a puppeteer who finds a portal that leads into Malkovich's mind.

Released by USA Films, the film was nominated in three categories at the 72nd Academy Awards: Best Director for Jonze, Best Original Screenplay for Kaufman and Best Supporting Actress for Keener.

Plot[edit]

Craig Schwartz is an unemployed puppeteer in a forlorn marriage with his pet-obsessed wife Lotte. Gaining a file clerk job through Dr. Lester at LesterCorp, in the strange Floor ​7 12 low-ceiling offices of the Mertin-Flemmer Building in New York City, he develops an attraction to his coworker Maxine Lund, who does not return his affections. Craig enters a small door hidden behind a filing cabinet and finds himself in the mind of actor John Malkovich. Craig is able to observe and sense whatever Malkovich does for fifteen minutes before he is ejected and dropped into a ditch near the New Jersey Turnpike. He reveals the portal to Maxine and they let others use it for $200 a turn.

Craig tells Lotte, who becomes obsessed with the experience, allowing her to live out her transgender desires. Lotte becomes attracted to Maxine and they begin a sexual relationship, with Lotte inside Malkovich's head while Maxine has sex with Malkovich. Craig, forsaken by both women, binds and gags Lotte and locks her in a cage, then enters Malkovich's mind and has sex with Maxine. Craig, with his expert puppeteer skills, discovers that he is able to control Malkovich's actions while in his head, causing the actor to feel paranoid that he is being controlled by someone else. After Malkovich consults with his friend Charlie Sheen, Malkovich trails Maxine to the Mertin-Flemmer building, where he himself tries the portal into his own head and finds himself in a world where everyone has his face and they only say "Malkovich". He is then ejected and meets Craig by the turnpike. Malkovich demands that the portal be closed, but Craig refuses.

Lotte escapes with the help of her pet chimpanzee. She phones Maxine, revealing that it was Craig who was having sex with her while inside Malkovich. Maxine is annoyed but accepts it, because she enjoyed the experience. Seeking help, Lotte finds Lester, who reveals himself to be Captain Mertin, the original founder of LesterCorp. Lester is aware of the portal, and has a room dedicated to Malkovich's life. Lester explains that the person who is connected to the portal becomes "ripe" for lasting occupation by others on the eve of their 44th birthday. However, when the host turns 44, the portal immediately moves to its next host, an unborn child.

If it is possible for a person to take advantage of the "ripe" host and enter the portal then, one can greatly increase one's lifespan, and then one can eventually move on to another host. However, if one misses the brief window of "ripeness", and enters the portal even a minute too late, one will find oneself trapped within the unborn child who will be the next host. Lester, who has been using the portal in order to prolong his life, reveals his plan to use Malkovich when "ripe" as the host for him and several of his elderly friends. Offered the chance to join Lester's group, Lotte warns him that Craig currently has control of Malkovich.

Craig finds he is able to remain in Malkovich indefinitely. He spends the next eight months in Malkovich's body, and using his puppeteer's control, he is able to turn Malkovich into a world-class puppeteer. Malkovich marries Maxine. He learns that she is pregnant as their relationship grows distant.

As Malkovich's 44th birthday approaches, Lester and his friends cut a deal with Maxine, and fake her kidnapping. They call up Craig, threatening to kill her if Craig does not leave Malkovich. Craig ends the call, causing Lester to think that he is calling their bluff. Lotte loses hope and attempts to kill Maxine, but they end up at the turnpike after falling through the portal and through Malkovich's shame-ridden subconscious. Maxine reveals to Lotte that Maxine conceived when Lotte was inside Malkovich's body, and she kept the child because it is "theirs". The revelation cements their love for each other.

Craig calls Lester back, thinking Maxine is still in danger. Realizing his opportunity, Lester continues his bluff, convincing Craig to leave Malkovich's body. Lester and his friends enter the portal, taking control of Malkovich. Craig, discovering that Lotte and Maxine are together again, decides to enter the portal to become Malkovich and regain Maxine, however he has unknowingly missed the deadline for getting into Malkovich. Years later, an aging Malkovich, containing the collective mind of Lester and his friends, reveals to Sheen a plan to prolong their lives via Maxine's daughter Emily, within whom Craig is now permanently trapped. Through Emily's eyes Craig is forced to watch Maxine and Lotte living happily together as he futilely pleads that Emily look away.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Kaufman's idea of Being John Malkovich originated simply as "a story about a man who falls in love with someone who is not his wife." Gradually he added further elements to the story which he found entertaining, such as floor 7½ of the Mertin Flemmer building; among his first ideas, Malkovich was "nowhere to be seen".[2] He wrote the script on spec in 1994 and though it was widely read by production company and film studio executives, all turned it down.[3] Hoping to find a producer, Kaufman sent the script to Francis Ford Coppola, who passed it on to his then-son-in-law Spike Jonze.[4]

Jonze first read the script in 1996 and had agreed to direct the film by 1997.[3][5] Jonze brought the script to Propaganda Films, which agreed to produce the film in partnership with production company Single Cell Pictures.[3][5] Single Cell producers Michael Stipe and Sandy Stern pitched the film to numerous studios, including New Line Cinema, who dropped the project after chairman Robert Shaye asked: "Why the fuck can't it be Being Tom Cruise?".[6] Jonze revealed in a September 2013 interview that Malkovich asked him the same question during their first meeting and also relayed Malkovich's attitude after filming commenced:

Either the movie's a bomb and it's got not only my name above the title but my name in the title, so I'm fucked that way; or it does well and I'm just forever associated with this character.[7]

Jonze explained in the same interview that he didn't realize how brave Malkovich's performance in the film was.[7]

With a budget of $10 million,[8] principal photography of Being John Malkovich began on July 20, 1998, and continued through August.[5][9] Filming took place primarily in Los Angeles;[9] specific locations included the University of Southern California campus and the Observation Bar on board the RMS Queen Mary.[10][11]

The puppets in the film were created by Kamela Portuges and Images in Motion. Phillip Huber animated the puppets.[12]

Casting[edit]

Diaz's make-up artist Gucci Westman described styling Diaz in the role as "a challenge, to make her look homely."[13] The script included minimal physical descriptions of characters, and thus when Diaz took up the role she did not know that "people weren't going to recognize me."[14]

Cusack read the film's script after he had asked his agent to present him with the "craziest, most unproduceable script you can find." Impressed with the script, he asked his agent to follow its progress and book him an audition, with which he won the role.[15]

Keener cited Being John Malkovich as an instance of her taking up a role based on the director's previous work. She had heard about Jonze's experience with music videos and took up the part of Maxine although she initially disliked the character and did not feel that she was right for the part.[16] [17]

Charlie Kaufman said that there was never another actor in Malkovich's place in the script: "The screenplay was always "Being John Malkovich", even before I had any expectation that John Malkovich would even read the script."[5] He chose Malkovich because he believed there to be "an enigmatic quality about him that works",[18] though Malkovich was partly chosen because of the sound of his name in repetition. Kaufman explained that "When we were thinking of alternatives, we found that a lot of them weren't fun to say."[2] Jonze's then-father-in-law Francis Ford Coppola was able to contact Malkovich,[3] and Jonze flew with producer Sandy Stern to Malkovich's home in France. Stern said that Malkovich was "half intrigued and half horrified" when he first read the script, but he eventually agreed to star in the film.[6]

Spike Jonze makes a cameo appearance as Derek Mantini's assistant; Mantini is billed in the story as the greatest puppeteer in the history of the world and arouses Schwartz's envy. Brad Pitt also has a half-second-long cameo, as a miffed star in the documentary on Malkovich's career, who seems to be on the verge of saying something before the shot ends. Sean Penn appears as a fictionalized version of himself and a fan of Malkovich's puppeteer work. Film director David Fincher makes an uncredited appearance as Christopher Bing in the American Arts & Culture pseudo-documentary on John Malkovich. Winona Ryder, Andy Dick, and the members of Hanson can be seen in the audience of a Malkovich puppet show.[19]

Distribution[edit]

Theatrical release[edit]

Being John Malkovich was given limited release in the United States theatres on October 22, 1999, and opened across 25 screens. On its opening weekend, the film grossed US$637,731 across 25 screens with a per-screen average of $25,495.[20] It expanded to another 150 screens the following week,[20] bringing in $1.9 million with a per-screen average of $10,857.[21] In its third week, the film's release widened to 467 locations and grossed $2.4 million, averaging a lower $5,041 per screen with a cumulative gross of $6.1 million.[22] It moved into a wide release the next week, expanding to 591 screens, and grossed $1.9 million with a 20% drop in ticket sales.[23] Its fifth week brought in $2.2 million with a 17% increase in ticket sales,[24] which dropped a further 33% the following week despite further expansion to 624 screens.[25] It finished its theatrical run after 26 weeks with a total gross of $22,863,596.[26]

The film opened in the United Kingdom in March 2000, earning £296,282 in its debut week[27] and closing after fifteen weeks with a total gross of £1,098,927.[28] In France, the film opened in December 1999 with a gross of US$546,000 from 94 venues and went on to further success due to positive reviews and word of mouth.[29][30] It grossed $205,100 from 109 screens on its opening weekend in Italy and ticket sales dropped by 37% the following week with a cumulative gross of $480,000 from 82 screens.[29][31] Its German release brought in a total of $243,071.[32] Being John Malkovich had a total foreign gross of $9,523,455, combined with its domestic gross to give an international total of over $32 million.[1]

Home media[edit]

Being John Malkovich was initially released in 2000 on VHS, both as a regular edition and a limited edition collector's set,[33][34] and on DVD, with special features including a theatrical trailer, TV spots, cast and crew biographies, the director's photo album and featurettes on floor 7½ and puppeteering.[35] A special edition DVD, released later the same year, included the aforementioned features, an interview with Jonze and two behind-the-scenes featurettes.[36] It was released on HD DVD in 2008. The Criterion Collection released a special edition of the film on Blu-ray and DVD in 2012.[37]

Soundtrack[edit]

Being John Malkovich: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Soundtrack album by Various artists
Released 1999
Genre Electronic, jazz, soft rock
Label Astralwerks
Producer Various
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic4.5/5 stars[38]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by Carter Burwell, except where noted.

No.TitleLength
1."Amphibian" (Mark Bell Mix, written by Björk)2:47
2."Malkovich Masterpiece Remix" (Written by Spike Jonze, performed by John Malkovich)2:22
3."Puppet Love"2:02
4."Momentary Introspection"1:07
5."You Should Know"0:34
6."Craig Plots"3:40
7."Malkovich Shrine"0:45
8."Embarcation"1:46
9."Subcon Chase"2:03
10."The Truth"1:21
11."Love on the Phone"0:46
12."To Lester's"0:26
13."Maxine Kidnapped"1:15
14."To Be John M"1:59
15."Craig's Overture"1:00
16."Allegro from Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, SZ106" (Béla Bartók)7:21
17."Carter Explains Scene 71 to the Orchestra"0:29
18."Lotte Makes Love"1:28
19."Monkey Memories"1:32
20."Future Vessel"3:40
21."Amphibian" (Film Mix, written by Björk)4:37

Critical response[edit]

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film received a 93% "Certified Fresh" rating, based on 126 reviews, with an average rating of 8.1/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "Being John Malkovich is both funny and smart, featuring a highly original script."[39] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 90 out of 100, based on 36 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim."[40] The film ranked 441st on Empire magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest films of all time.[41]

In his review, Roger Ebert awarded the film a full four stars; he would later name it the best film of 1999.[42] His comments of praise included: "Rare is the movie where the last half hour surprises you just as much as the first, and in ways you're not expecting. The movie has ideas enough for half a dozen films, but Jonze and his cast handle them so surely that we never feel hard-pressed; we're enchanted by one development after the next" and he also felt that "Either Being John Malkovich gets nominated for best picture, or the members of the Academy need portals into their brains."[43] Another top critic Peter Rainer, writing for New York, commented that "dazzlingly singular movies aren't often this much fun" in his review,[44] and Owen Gleiberman, writing for Entertainment Weekly, called it "the most excitingly original movie of the year."[45]

John Malkovich's performance as himself in Being John Malkovich is ranked No. 90 on Premiere Magazine's '100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time'.[46]

Connection to Get Out[edit]

Following the financial and critical success of the 2017 film Get Out, varying fan theories arose delving into the social horror themes of the film. In December of that year, the film's writer/director/producer Jordan Peele had an interview with Vanity Fair in which he discussed the major fan theories surrounding the film, confirming which of the most popular were true and false. Peele stated that he and Being John Malkovich director Spike Jonze had discussed the theory that Get Out was a secret stand-alone sequel to Being John Malkovich, and, although admitting that Get Out was never conceived as a sequel to Being John Malkovich or thought of as such until after the film was released, Peele stated that since hearing the theory both himself and Jonze viewed the connection as both films being set in the same continuity, saying that "as far as I’m concerned, it’s true".[47]

The theory states that Catherine Keener’s "Maxine" in Being John Malkovich is the same character as "Missy" in Get Out; Being John Malkovich concludes with Maxine and Lotte raising a child fathered by John Malkovich, but unbeknownst to them, the spirit of Craig is trapped inside the child’s mind. With the portal to Malkovich's mind officially closed, they sought out other avenues for mind-transplant experimentation, eventually coming across Roman Armitage (Richard Herd), a neurosurgeon. Lotte entered the body of Dean Armitage (Bradley Whitford), Roman's son, and Emily, combined with the spirit of Craig, living in his own "Sunken Place", grows up to become the malevolent sociopath that is Rose Armitage (Allison Williams), all completely complicit in the scheme.[48][49][50] Regarding his video about the theory in the January 2018 issue of Empire, Peele expressed interest in casting John Malkovich in a Get Out sequel, stating that it would be "cool" to "do the full trilogy".[51]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Being John Malkovich (1999)". The-Numbers.com. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Sragow, Michael (November 11, 1999). "Being Charlie Kaufman". Salon. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kobel, Peter (October 24, 1999). "FILM; The Fun and Games of Living a Virtual Life". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 28, 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  4. ^ Villarreal, Phil (January 7, 2007). "Being John Malkovich a quirky wonder". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d Holfer, Robert (September 14, 1999). "Charlie Kaufman". Variety. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Stukin, Stacie (November 9, 1999). "Being Sandy Stern". The Advocate (798). p. 68. 
  7. ^ a b Michael, Chris (September 9, 2013). "Spike Jonze on letting Her rip and Being John Malkovich". The Guardian. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ Bing, Jonathan (June 19, 2001). "The Write Stuff: Sea change for scribe's future". Variety. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Carver, Benedict (August 10, 1998). "Bean, Place in Malkovich". Variety. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  10. ^ Padilla, Steve (September 12, 2006). "Campuses a favorite locale for filming". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  11. ^ "The Queen Mary: Location Filming". QueenMary.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  12. ^ Meltzer, Steve. "Marionettes In Hollywood". Puppetry Journal. HuberMarionettes.com. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  13. ^ Cantelo, Sigourney (March 11, 2010). "5 Minutes with Gucci Westman". Vogue Australia. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  14. ^ Fischer, Paul. "Cameron Diaz and Catherine Keener". CrankyCritic.com. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  15. ^ Robinson, Tasha (December 27, 2007). "John Cusack". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  16. ^ Hirschberg, Lynn (August 27, 2006). "Being Catherine Keener". The New York Times. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  17. ^ Jackson, Mike (May 5, 2000). "Being John Malkovich". DVD Verdict. Archived from the original on October 11, 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Mike Leigh interview, and Being John Malkovich premiere". The Guardian. November 10, 1999. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Being John Malkovich (1999) – Full Cast & Crew". IMDb. Amazon.com. 
  20. ^ a b Hayes, Dade (October 31, 1999). "B.O. full House". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  21. ^ Hayes, Dade (November 7, 1999). "Auds Bone up". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  22. ^ Hayes, Dade (November 14, 1999). "Poke pockets monster B.O." Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  23. ^ Hayes, Dade (November 21, 1999). "B.O. shaken, stirred by Bond". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  24. ^ Hayes, Dade (November 28, 1999). "Greatest Story ever sold". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  25. ^ Hayes, Dade (December 5, 1999). "Toy keeps B.O. in toon". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Being John Malkovich (1999)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  27. ^ Thompson, Jonathan; Redvers, Louise (March 26, 2000). "Film: Box Office". The Independent. 
  28. ^ Thompson, Jonathan; Redvers, Louise (April 9, 2000). "Film: Box Office". The Independent. 
  29. ^ a b Groves, Don (December 13, 1999). "Holiday Hit Parade". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  30. ^ Groves, Don (December 19, 1999). "Oversees auds Bonding". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  31. ^ Woods, Mark (December 6, 1999). "Toy joy, Bond blast". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Being John Malkovich (1999) – Foreign Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  33. ^ "Being John Malkovich (VHS)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Being John Malkovich Limited Edition Collector's Set (VHS) (1999)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  35. ^ Hochman, David (January 25, 2001). "Being John Malkovich". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  36. ^ Hunt, Bill (May 8, 2000). "Being John Malkovich". The Digital Bits. Archived from the original on November 7, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Being John Malkovich; Criterion Collection". 
  38. ^ "Being John Malkovich Review". Allmusic.com. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Being John Malkovich (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Retrieved April 30, 2018. 
  40. ^ "Being John Malkovich (1999)". Metacritic. Flixter. Retrieved January 14, 2016. 
  41. ^ "Empire Features". EmpireOnline.com. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  42. ^ "The Best 10 Movies of 1999". Chicago Sun-Times. RogerEbert.com. December 31, 1999. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 
  43. ^ Ebert, Roger (October 29, 1999). "Being John Malkovich Review". Chicago Sun-Times. RogerEbert.com. Archived from the original on September 7, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2009. 
  44. ^ Rainer, Peter (November 8, 1999). "Get Outta My Face". New York. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  45. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (November 12, 1999). "Being John Malkovich Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  46. ^ "100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time". FilmSite.org. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  47. ^ Jordan Peele Breaks Down "Get Out" Fan Theories from Reddit. Vanity Fair. December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  48. ^ https://www.cinemablend.com/news/1733729/jordan-peele-confirms-hilarious-get-out-theory
  49. ^ https://screenrant.com/get-out-jordan-peele-fan-theory-being-john-malkovich/
  50. ^ https://io9.gizmodo.com/watch-jordan-peele-respond-to-some-great-get-out-fan-th-1820946824
  51. ^ Empire January 2018 Edition
    Jordan Peele – The Breakthrough

External links[edit]