Beiping or Peiping (Chinese: 北平; pinyin: Běipíng; Wade–Giles: Pei3-p'ing2), meaning "Northern Peace" in Chinese, is a former name of Beijing, which means "Northern Capital". The city was called Beiping from 1368 to 1403 and from 1928 to 1949, when the Chinese capital was at Nanjing, or "Southern Capital". In 1403 and again in 1949, the city's name was changed from Beiping to Beijing or Northern Capital. From 1937 to 1945, the city under Japanese occupation served as the capital of a puppet regime and was renamed Beijing but most Chinese histories use the name Beiping for the city during that time period.
Youbeiping or Right Beiping Commandery, a commandery of the State of Yan of the Warring States period, Qin Dynasty during which it was ruled from Wuzhong County (modern-day Ji County of Tianjin), and the Han Dynasty during which it was ruled from Pinggang County (modern-day Lingyuan in Liaoning Province). In the Western Jin Dynasty, the commandery was renamed Beiping.