Beit Duqqu

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Beit Duqqu
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabicبيت دقّو
Beit Duqqu
Beit Duqqu
Beit Duqqu is located in the Palestinian territories
Beit Duqqu
Beit Duqqu
Location of Beit Duqqu within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°51′33″N 35°07′43″E / 31.85917°N 35.12861°E / 31.85917; 35.12861Coordinates: 31°51′33″N 35°07′43″E / 31.85917°N 35.12861°E / 31.85917; 35.12861
Palestine grid162/140
GovernorateJerusalem
Government
 • TypeVillage council
Elevation664 m (2,178 ft)
Population
(2006)
 • Jurisdiction1,600
Name meaningThe house of Dukku[2]

Beit Duqqu (Arabic: بيت دقّو‎) is a Palestinian village in the Jerusalem Governorate, located northwest of Jerusalem in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 1,600 in 2006.

Location[edit]

Beit Duqqu is located (horizontally) 12.9 kilometers (8.0 mi) north-west of Jerusalem. It is bordered by Beit 'Anan to the east, At Tira to the north, Beit Ijza and Al Jib to the west, and Al Qubeiba to the south.[1]

History[edit]

Local residents believe that their ancestors arrived in the early 14th century in Beit Duqqu from the village of Umm Walad, in the south of Syria. Villagers belong to the families of Badr, Ali Hussein, Rayyan, Marar, Dawood and Muslih.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Bayt Duqqu, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds. The population was 3 households, all Muslim. They paid a tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, olive and fruit trees, goats and beehives in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 2730 Akçe.[4]

In 1838 it was noted as a Muslim village, located in the Beni Malik district, west of Jerusalem.[5][6]

In 1870 Guérin described it as a "small village, situated on the top of a high hill."[7] Socin found from an official Ottoman village list from about the same year (1870) that Beit Duqqu had a population of 125, with a total of 36 houses, though the population count included men, only.[8][9]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "A village of moderate size, standing high on a ridge, with a spring to the north-west and olives to the north. This was also a fief like [ Beit 'Anan ]."[10]

In 1896 the population of Bet dukku was estimated to be about 114 persons.[11]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bait Duqu had a population of 254, all Muslims,[12] increasing in the 1931 census to 328 Muslims, in 84 inhabited houses.[13]

In the 1945 statistics Beit Duqqu had a population of 420 Muslims,[14] with 5,393 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[15] Of this, 1,610 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,767 used for cereals,[16] while 27 dunams were built-up land.[17]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Beit Duqqu came under Jordanian rule.

In 1961, the population of Beit Duqqu was 537.[18]

Post-1967[edit]

The barrier in northern Jerusalem, with the "Biddu enclave" to the left

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Beit Duqqu has been under Israeli occupation. The population in the 1967 census conducted by the Israeli authorities was 438, of whom 16 originated from the Israeli territory.[19]

After the 1995 accords, 10.6 % of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remainder 89.4 % is Area C. Israel has confiscated land from Beit Duqqu for the construction of the Israeli settlement Giv’at Ze’ev.[20][21]

Beit Duqqu along with 9 other Palestinian villages, Biddu, Beit 'Anan, Beit Surik, Qatanna, al-Qubeiba, Beit Ijza, Kharayib Umm al Lahimand and at Tira form the "Biddu enclave" which, according to Tanya Reinhart, are "imprisoned" behind a wall, cut off from their orchards and farmlands that are being seized in order to form the real estate reserves of the Jerusalem Corridor and to create a territorial continuity with Giv'at Ze'ev.[22] The enclave will be linked to Ramallah by underpasses and a road that is fenced on both sides. From the "Biddu enclave" Palestinians will travel along a fenced road that passes under a bypass road to Bir Nabala enclave, then on a second underpass under Bypass 443 to Ramallah.[23]

The main source of living is agriculture, mainly of apricots, olives and grapes.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Beit Duqqu Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 286
  3. ^ Beit Duqqu Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 5, 7
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 113
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 124
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 2, 141
  7. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 398
  8. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 146 He also noted that it was in the Beni Malik district, between At-Tira and Beit 'Anan
  9. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 118 noted 26 houses
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 16
  11. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 126
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 15
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 37
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 24
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 56
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 101
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 151
  18. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 23
  19. ^ Perlmann, Joel (November 2011 – February 2012). "The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version" (PDF). Levy Economics Institute. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  20. ^ Beit Duqqu Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 17–18
  21. ^ In the shadow of an Israeli settlement, Martin Asser, 25 September 2009, BBC
  22. ^ Reinhart, 2006, p. 202
  23. ^ OCHA Archived November 12, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Jerusalem Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived February 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]