ANU - Museum of the Jewish People
ANU – Museum of the Jewish People, formerly the Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, is located in Tel Aviv, Israel, at the center of the Tel Aviv University campus in Ramat Aviv.
ANU - Museum of the Jewish People is an institution telling the ongoing story of the Jewish people. Re-opened to the public on March 10, 2021, the organization is dedicated to celebrating and exploring the experiences, accomplishments, and spirit of the Jewish community from biblical times to the present. Through its educational programming, the institution works to connect Jewish people to their roots and strengthen their personal and collective Jewish identity. The museum presents a pluralistic narrative of Jewish culture, faith, purpose, and deed as seen through the lens of Jewish history and current experience today.
The $100 million expanded museum, which replaces Beit Hatfutsot – The Museum of the Jewish People (Hebrew: בית התפוצות, "The Diaspora House" or "Beit Hatfutsot"), was designed and built over 10 years and opened on March 10, 2021. It was funded by both the State of Israel, the Nadav Foundation, and private philanthropy. As a first step in the renewal process, the museum added a new wing in 2016 with rotating temporary exhibitions, the Alfred H. Moses and Family Synagogue Hall featuring synagogue scale models, and Heroes - Trailblazers of the Jewish People, a children's interactive exhibition.
The museum's new name and "its new brand identity adds “ANU” — Hebrew for “we”— to embrace inclusion and reflect the diversity and collective spirit of the Jewish people everywhere" said Museum Board Chair Irina Nevzlin. “It is a privilege to realize the transformation of this institution, which now becomes the largest and most comprehensive Jewish museum in the world. The museum will serve as a beacon of Jewish identity and culture, celebrating our unique history and future.”
In 1959, the World Jewish Congress decided to build a museum that would serve both as an educational and cultural center for world Jewry. The institute in Israel was named in honor of Dr. Nahum Goldmann, the founder and president of the World Jewish Congress.
Abba Kovner, one of the founders of the museum, proposed the original concept of the museum's permanent core exhibition. It was based on a thematic principle, representing Jewish history and continuity, according to six themes, or "gates" that portray central aspects of Jewish life: family, community, faith, culture, existence and return. Among the founders of the museum, Jeshajahu Weinberg served as the museum's first director from 1978 to 1984 and Dr. Meyer Weisgal was its first President.
ANU - Museum of the Jewish People opened on May 15, 1978. Since then, it has been considered one of the most technologically advanced museums of our time. Its exhibitions were based on reconstructions and sets, using modern audiovisual and state-of-the-art computer technology to explore topics and themes throughout the museum. This methodology provided that a museum could be an effective storyteller. Its designers broke with the universally accepted tradition that museums exist first in order to acquire, care for and display objects from the past.
Government budget cuts and a decline in Israeli tourism triggered a budget crisis at the museum. A number of public representatives devoted themselves to saving the museum, among them Shlomo Lahat, former mayor of Tel Aviv, and Ariel Sharon, former prime minister. In 2005, the Israeli Knesset passed the "Beit Hatfutsot Law" that defines Beit Hatfutsot as "the National Center for Jewish Communities in Israel and around the world". A recovery plan was enacted with two partners: the Israeli Government and donor Leonid Nevzlin (NADAV Foundation), with a grant from the Claims Conference.
Exhibitions, programs, education, and research
ANU - Museum of the Jewish People allows visitors to learn more about the Jewish experience through a number of access points. Onsite, the museum offers four wings of exhibitions, including 3 floors of new exhibition galleries (opened March 10, 2021), a children's gallery, and a rotating schedule of temporary exhibitions and related programs as well as conferences and workshops. The museum's databases house searchable archives of photos, films, music, genealogy, and family names, all related to the Jews and their history. Compiled over almost four decades, these databases are now fully digitized and available both onsite and online. The museum also offers formal and informal educational activities for teachers and students both at the museum and for use in classrooms around the world.
On May 2023, the Codex Sassoon 1053 was purchased by former U.S. Ambassador to Romania Alfred H. Moses on behalf of the American Friends of ANU for $38.1 million, which makes it among the most expensive books and manuscripts sold in auction. The manuscript was on exhibition at ANU in March as part of a worldwide tour prior to the auction.
Irina Nevzlin serves as the current Chair of the Board of Directors and is the President of the NADAV Foundation. Senator Joseph I. Lieberman (Honorary Chair), Ambassador Alfred H. Moses (Co-Chair) and Major-General (Ret.) Eitan Ben Eliyahu (Co-Chair) serve on the Board of Governors.
Models in the Synagogue Hall
Eliahu Hanavi Synagogue model
Model of The Great Sephardi Synagogue, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Model of Beth Shalom Synagogue Pennsylvania designed by Frank Lloyd Wright
Model of the Portuguese Synagogue, Amsterdam, Holland
Model of the Central Synagogue of Aleppo, Aleppo (Haleb) northwestern Syria
Model of the Paradesi Synagogue, Cochin, southwestern India
- ^ "Museum of the Diaspora Changing its Name and Focus/". J. The Jewish News of Northern California. March 5, 2010.
- ^ a b Klein Leichman, Abigail. "Tel Aviv's Museum of the Jewish People gets $100m Makeover". Retrieved April 12, 2021.
- ^ "Koret Foundation Gives $10 million to Tel Aviv's Museum of the Jewish People". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. January 18, 2017.
- ^ Gradstein, Linda. "ANU: New Museum of the Jewish People Opens in Tel Aviv". Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- ^ Raider, Mark A., ed. (2010). Nahum Goldmann: Statesman without a State. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press. ISBN 978-1-4384-2500-9.
- ^ a b Scrieberg, David (June 15, 1979). "Beth Hadtefutsoth:2500 Years of Jewish History Under One Roof". Israel Digest.
- ^ a b Wigoder, Geoffrey (1988). Beth Hatefutsoth - The First Ten Years - The Nathan Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora. Nahum Goldmann Museum.
- ^ Raider, Mark A., ed. (2010). Nahum Goldmann : Statesman without a State. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press. ISBN 978-1-4384-2500-9.
- ^ Hudson, Kenneth (1987). Museums of influence (Reprint. ed.). Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521305341.
- ^ "Second Life for Beit Hatfutsot Museum of the Jewish People".[permanent dead link]
- ^ Anath Hartmann (November 12, 2009). "Bringing the Story of Jewish Life Back to Life". Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
- ^ a b "Beit Hatfutsot - The Museum of The Jewish People in Tel Aviv".
- ^ Herb Keinon (September 4, 2011). "Cabinet Approves NIS 24m Beit Hatfutsot Development Plan". The Jerusalem Post.
- ^ "1,100-year-old Hebrew Bible sells for $38 million at NYC auction". apnews.com. May 17, 2023. Retrieved May 18, 2023.
- Media related to Beyt ha-Tefutsoth at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- "Tracing History in Israel". The New York Times
- Leni Reiss (February 24, 2017). "Recently Renovated Museum of the Jewish People Strengthens Cultural Ties". Arizona Jewish Life.