Beit Ula

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Beit Ulla
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بيت أولا
 • Also spelled Beit Ulla (official)
Bayt Aula (unofficial)
Beit Ulla is located in the Palestinian territories
Beit Ulla
Beit Ulla
Location of Beit Ulla within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°35′46″N 35°01′44″E / 31.59611°N 35.02889°E / 31.59611; 35.02889Coordinates: 31°35′46″N 35°01′44″E / 31.59611°N 35.02889°E / 31.59611; 35.02889
Palestine grid 152/111
Governorate Hebron
Government
 • Type Municipality
Area
 • Jurisdiction 22,432 dunams (22.4 km2 or 8.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 10,885
Name meaning The house of Aula[1]

Beit Ula, Beit Aula, (Arabic: بيت أولا‎‎) is a Palestinian town in the Hebron Governorate, located ten kilometers northwest of Hebron, in the southern West Bank.

History[edit]

The Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) suggested Beit Aula as a place for the Biblical Bethel.[2]

Ottoman era[edit]

Socin, citing an official Ottoman village list compiled around 1870, noted that Betula, located not east of Tarqumiyah, had 51 houses and a population of 206, though the population count included men, only.[3] Hartmann found that Bet Ula had 80 houses.[4]

In 1883 the Palestine Exploration Fund's "Survey of Western Palestine", described Beit Aula as "a small village standing on a spur surrounded with olives. It has a well on the west in the valley, a mile away.”[2]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bait Ula had a population of 825 inhabitants, all Muslims,[5] increasing in the 1931 census to 1,045, still entirely Muslim, in 217 inhabited houses.[6] In the latter census it was counted with Kh. Beit Kanun, Kh. Hawala and Kh. Tawas.[6]

In 1945 the population of Beit Ula was 1,310 Muslims, and the total land area was 24,045 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[7][8] Of this, 1,324 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 8,747 were for cereals,[9] while 71 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[10]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Beit Ula came under Jordanian rule from 1948 until 1967.

Post-1967[edit]

Since the Six-Day War in 1967, Beit Ula has been under Israeli occupation.

According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 10,885 inhabitants in 2007.[11]

Beit Ula has a total land area of 22,432 dunams, of which 74.5% is located in Area B (Palestinian National Authority (PNA) is in control of civil affairs and Israel's responsible for security) and 25.5% is located in Area C (complete Israeli control).[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 388
  2. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, pp. 302–303
  3. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 148
  4. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 143
  5. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
  6. ^ a b Mills, 1932, p. 27
  7. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 23
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 93
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 143
  11. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
  12. ^ The Israeli Occupation Bulldozers wipe out the lands of Beit Ulla village northwest Hebron Governorate Archived July 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem. 2008-01-18

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]