Beitun City was established on 28 December 2011, becoming the youngest city of the PRC. Beitun used to be a town within Altay City.
Beitun City covers an area of 910.5 square kilometres (351.5 sq mi) and has a population of 76,300. The city is located on the Irtysh River. Its name comes from the accolade "China's northernmost cultivation land" (Chinese: 中国最北的屯垦重地; pinyin: Zhōngguó zuìběi de túnkěn zhòngdì).