Beiyang

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For other uses, see Beiyang, Lufeng, Guangdong.

The term Beiyang (Chinese: 北洋; pinyin: Běiyáng; Wade-Giles: Peiyang; meaning 'Northern Ocean') originated toward the end of the Qing dynasty, and it referred to the coastal areas of Zhili (Traditional Chinese:直隸, Simplified Chinese: 直隶, pinyin: Zhílì) (today's Hebei), Liaoning, and Shandong in northeast China.

Minister of Beiyang's (北洋通商大臣) position was held by the Viceroy of Zhili. Its main responsibilities were trade relations and occasionally foreign affairs.

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Coordinates: 41°00′N 123°00′E / 41.000°N 123.000°E / 41.000; 123.000