Bekasi

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Bekasi
City of Bekasi
Kota Bekasi
ᮊᮧᮒ ᮘᮨᮊᮞᮤ
Sundapura[1]
Chandrabhaga
Bhagasasi[2]
From top to mid-left in clockwise sequence; Top: Patriot Candrabhaga Stadium, Mid-right: Bekasi Junction, Bottom left and right: Malls and its surrounding skyline, Mid-left: Pekayon City.
From top to mid-left in clockwise sequence; Top: Patriot Candrabhaga Stadium, Mid-right: Bekasi Junction, Bottom left and right: Malls and its surrounding skyline, Mid-left: Pekayon City.
Coat of arms of Bekasi
Motto(s): 
Kota Patriot
(City of the patriots)

Bekasi Maju, Sejahtera dan Ihsan (Indonesian)
(For the Developed, Prosperous, and Good Bekasi people)
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Bekasi City is located in Java
Bekasi City
Bekasi City
Location in Java
Bekasi City is located in Indonesia
Bekasi City
Bekasi City
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°14′06″S 106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923Coordinates: 6°14′06″S 106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceWest Java
Government
 • MayorRahmat Effendi[3] (Golkar)
 • Vice MayorTri Adhianto
Area
 • Total210.49 km2 (81.27 sq mi)
Elevation
11–81 m (36–265 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total2,543,676
 • Density12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
 [4]
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code(+62) 21
License plateB
HDIIncrease 0.815 (Very High)
Websitebekasikota.go.id

Bekasi (Indonesian pronunciation: [ˈbəkasi], Chinese: 八戈然) is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta. It serves as a commuter city within the Jakarta metropolitan area. According to the 2020 Census by Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Bekasi had 2,543,676 inhabitants.[5] It lies within the largest metropolitan area in Indonesia (Jabodetabek). The city is bordered by Bekasi Regency to the north and the east, Bogor Regency and Depok to the south, and East Jakarta to the west.

Bekasi is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara. At that time, the name of Bekasi was Dayeuh Sundasembawa. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 5th century according to the Tugu inscription.[6] During the Dutch East Indies period, Bekasi was a part of Batavia residency. As a dormitory city, many middle-up satellite areas have been developed in Bekasi,[7] complete with their own shopping malls, schools, hospitals, club houses, water park, and shuttle bus services to central Jakarta. The large number of multinational companies, has apparently attracted many expatriates (mainly Japanese and Korean) to settle in Bekasi.[8]

Economy[edit]

Bekasi has already grown to become one of the centre of growth in Jabodetabek. The city has accounts for 2.11% of total national GDP.[9] Recently, many foreigners (most of Korean, Japanese, and Chinese) have set up their business to take advantage of its dynamism and boost its economy. Bekasi's economy was mainly based on service and manufacturing.

Commerce[edit]

Bekasi is one of the most promising property markets in Jabodetabek besides South Tangerang, and several high-value developments have transformed its property market. Many of country's big property developers are building apartments, hotels, and shopping malls in the city. In recent years, some residences have developed along the Jatiwarna/Jatibening — East Bekasi toll highway, further to Cibatu in Bekasi Regency. These include Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City.

Prime business and commercial centres are situated in the western part of city. There are some financial centres, restaurants and shopping centres along Jalan Ahmad Yani, Jalan Sudirman, Jalan K.H. Noer Alie as well as Harapan Indah Boulevard. The largest shopping centre is Grand Metropolitan with over 125,000 m2 (1,350,000 sq ft) of floor space.[10] Other shopping centres include Metropolitan Mall, Summarecon Mal Bekasi, Mal Ciputra Cibubur, Mega Bekasi Hypermall, Grand Galaxy Park, Grand Mall, Blu Plaza, BTC Mall, GP Mall, Bekasi Cyber Park, Plaza Pondok Gede, and Lagoon Avenue. Many hotels developed in Bekasi, such as Santika, Horison, Harris, Aston Imperial, Amaris, Amaroossa and Tune Hotel.

Infrastructure[edit]

Bekasi commercial centers

The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in Bekasi has been induced by infrastructure development, especially roads, highways and railways.

Road and highway[edit]

Bekasi is connected by the Trans-Java Toll Road, the main road across Java. There are three expressways connections from the Jabodetabek urban area: the Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road, which has three exits in Bekasi; the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, which provides access to Tangerang, Jakarta and Bogor; and the new Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road. In 2019, Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road will operate to ease traffic on the current toll road between Cikunir and West Karawang with a total length of 36.4 kilometres.[11] Owing to its location as a satellite city of Jakarta, heavy rush hour traffic jams have become common on the roads between East Jakarta and Bekasi.

KM Toll Road Toll Gate Destination
08 Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road Jatibening Jatibening, Jatiwaringin, Cikunir
12 Bekasi Barat Kayuringin, Pekayon, Summarecon Bekasi, Harapan Baru
16 Bekasi Timur Margahayu, Bulak Kapal, Bantar Gebang
37 Jakarta Outer Ring Road Jatiwarna Jatiwarna, Kranggan, Pondok Gede
41 Jatiasih Jatiasih, Cikunir, Jatimekar
47 Kalimalang Kranji, Jakasampurna, Bintara Jaya
49 Bintara Bintara, Bintara Jaya, Harapan Baru (alternative route)
13 Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road Jakasampurna Jakasampurna, Jakasetia, Grand Galaxy City

Railway[edit]

The government is currently constructing a double track railway connecting Manggarai to Cikarang, which would be finished around 2020.[12] Beside a double track railway, the government also building a 17.9 km light rail transit line connecting East Bekasi-Cawang-Dukuh Atas across Greater Jakarta.[13]

Transport[edit]

Tokyo Metro 05 series EMU set 112 at Bekasi Station

At present, rapid transit in Bekasi across Greater Jakarta consists of a commuter rail KRL Commuterline and a bus rapid transit TransJakarta.

KRL Commuterline's Blue Line serves from either Bekasi, Bekasi Timur or Kranji to Jakarta Kota (via Pasar Senen/Manggarai) and Cikarang. Bekasi Station also serves intercity trains to cities across Java.

TransJakarta and the Transjabodetabek premium serves commuters from Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Bulak Kapal, and Jatiwarna, as well as the feeder buses from Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City to Jakarta city center. The Trans Patriot operates a route within the city. Damri shuttle bus service is available from the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport to Kayuringin, Harapan Indah and Summarecon Bekasi. Taxis are widely available. The primary means of public transportation is by minibus, called angkot. They serve certain routes throughout the city.

The main bus terminal is Terminal Bekasi, located in East Bekasi. The other terminals are Pondok Gede, Harapan Indah and Kayuringin.

Demographics[edit]

The 2020 Census of Bekasi's population was 2,543,676. Bekasi is inhabited by many different ethnic groups, mostly Sundanese, Betawi and Javanese descent. Sundanese are the largest minority as well as other minorities include Minangkabau, Bataks, and Chinese.

Most citizens in Bekasi adhere to Islam. Other religions include Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism), Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Sport[edit]

Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium

Bekasi was the home base of the soccer team Bhayangkara F.C., with Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium as the home stadium of the club.[14]

Administrative Districts[edit]

Bekasi City is divided into twelve districts ('kecamatan'), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[15] and the 2020 Census.[16] The table also includes the number of urban villages (kelurahan) within the district, and its postal codes.

District Area
in km2
Population
2010
Census
Population
2020
Census
No. of
kelurahan
Post codes
Pondokgede 15.92 246,503 251,200 5 17411-17413
Jatisampurna 19.54 103,715 123,920 5 17432-17435
Pondokmelati 11.80 128,934 131,120 4 17414, 17415, 17431
Jatiasih 24.27 198,444 247,360 6 17421-17426
Bantargebang 18.44 95,845 107,220 4 17151-17154
Mustikajaya 26.42 159,773 213,520 4 17155-17158
Bekasi Timur
(East Bekasi)
14.63 247,357 257,030 4 17111-17113
Rawalumbu 16.85 208,334 220,700 4 17114-17117
Bekasi Selatan
(South Bekasi)
16.06 203,654 210,805 5 17141-17148
Bekasi Barat
(West Bekasi)
14.93 272,557 281,680 5 17133-17145
Medan Satria 11.88 161,162 162,120 4 17131-17133, 17143
Bekasi Utara
(North Bekasi)
19.75 308,593 337,010 6 17121-17125, 17142
Totals 210.49 2,334,871 2,543,676 56

Climate[edit]

Bekasi has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate rainfall from May to October and heavy rainfall from November to April.

Climate data for Bekasi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
(85.6)
30.1
(86.2)
30.9
(87.6)
31.7
(89.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
32.1
(89.8)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
27.3
(81.1)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82.0)
27.5
(81.5)
26.9
(80.4)
27.1
(80.7)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.1
(71.8)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
22.8
(73.0)
22.5
(72.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 374
(14.7)
282
(11.1)
219
(8.6)
152
(6.0)
129
(5.1)
88
(3.5)
65
(2.6)
55
(2.2)
65
(2.6)
115
(4.5)
155
(6.1)
216
(8.5)
1,915
(75.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[17]

In popular culture[edit]

People from Bekasi[edit]

Notable people from Bekasi include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tarumanegara
  2. ^ Bekasi, Pikiran Rakyat (29 January 2020). "Jadi Ibu Kota Kerajaan Tarumanegara, Simak Sejarah Bekasi dari Zaman Kerajaan hingga Penjajahan - Pikiran Rakyat Bekasi". Pikiran Rakyat (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  3. ^ "Tomorrow Rahmat Effendi officially mayor". viva.co.id. May 2, 2012. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. ^ http://www.bekasikota.go.id Sejarah Kota Bekasi
  7. ^ http://properti.kompas.com Pasar "Middle-up" Bekasi Menggiurkan, Rumah Harga Rp 800 Juta Paling Dicari!
  8. ^ Peter J. Katzenstein, Takashi Shiraishi; Beyond Japan: The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism; 2006
  9. ^ Jefriando, Maikel. "Ekonomi Jakarta Digabung Bekasi, Bogor, dan Tangerang Capai Rp 2.490 T".
  10. ^ http://www.rumah.com Mal Grand Metropolitan Bekasi Resmi Dibuka
  11. ^ https://www.republika.co.id/berita/en/national-politics/18/09/12/pewnut414-50-percent-of-jakartacikampek-elevated-toll-road-completed 50 percent of Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road completed
  12. ^ Economy in brief: Construction of DDT to finish by 2020
  13. ^ http://www.cnnindonesia.com Bos Adhi Karya yakin Proyek LRT Bantu Kurangi Macet Jakarta
  14. ^ Stadion Patriot Kembali Jadi Kandang Bhayangkara FC
  15. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  16. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  17. ^ "Climate: Bekasi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.

External links[edit]