Bekasi

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Bekasi
City of Bekasi
Kota Bekasi
From top to mid-left in clockwise sequence; Top: Patriot Candrabhaga Stadium, Mid-right: Bekasi Junction, Bottom left and right: Malls and its surrounding skyline, Mid-left: Pekayon City.
From top to mid-left in clockwise sequence; Top: Patriot Candrabhaga Stadium, Mid-right: Bekasi Junction, Bottom left and right: Malls and its surrounding skyline, Mid-left: Pekayon City.
Official seal of Bekasi
Seal
Motto(s): 
Cerdas, Sehat dan Ihsan (Indonesian)
(Smart, Healthy and Charitable)
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Bekasi City is located in Java
Bekasi City
Bekasi City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Bekasi City is located in Indonesia
Bekasi City
Bekasi City
Bekasi City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°14′06″S 106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923Coordinates: 6°14′06″S 106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923
Country Indonesia
ProvinceCoat of arms of West Java.svg West Java
Government
 • MayorRahmat Effendi[1]
 • Vice MayorTri Adhianto
Area
 • Total210.49 km2 (81.27 sq mi)
Elevation
11–81 m (36–265 ft)
Population
(2014)
 • Total2,663,011
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code(+62) 21
License plateB
Websitewww.bekasikota.go.id

Bekasi (Indonesian pronunciation: [ˈbɛkasi]) is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta within the Jakarta metropolitan area. It serves as a commuter city for Jakarta, although it has notable trade, business and processing industries. With 2.66 million inhabitants in an area of 210.49 square kilometres (81.27 sq mi), Bekasi is the third most populous city proper in Indonesia, but since it is a part of Jakarta urban agglomeration, Bandung is widely known as the county's third largest city.[2] The borders for this city are Bekasi Regency at the north and east, Bogor Regency and Depok City at the south, as well as East Jakarta at the west. It is Indonesia's most populated incorporated suburban city to Jakarta, and one of the most populated worldwide, but still trails the likes of Incheon and Yokohama. The large number of multinational companies, has apparently attracted a lot of expatriates (mainly Japanese and Korean) to settle in Bekasi.[3]

As a dormitory city, many middle-up satellite cities have been developed in Bekasi,[4] complete with their own shopping malls, schools, hospitals, club houses, water park, and shuttle bus services to central Jakarta.

Bekasi is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara. At that time, the name of Bekasi was Dayeuh Sundasembawa. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 5th century according to the Tugu inscription.[5]

Economy[edit]

Bekasi has already grown to become one of the center of growth in Indonesia. The city has accounts for 2.11% of total national GDP.[6] Recently, many foreigners (most of Korean, Japanese and Chinese) have set up their business to take advantage of its dynamism and boost its economy. Bekasi's economy was mainly based on service and manufacture.

Commerce[edit]

Bekasi is one of the most promising property markets in Indonesia, and several high-value developments have transformed its property market. Many of country's big property developers are building apartments, hotels, and shopping malls in the city. In recent years, some residences have developed along the Jatiwarna/Jatibening — East Bekasi toll highway, further to Cibatu in Bekasi Regency. These include Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City.

Prime business and commercial centers in the western part of city. There are some of financial, restaurants and shopping centers along Jalan Ahmad Yani, Jalan Sudirman, Jalan KH. Noer Alie as well as Harapan Indah Boulevard. Bekasi has the upper-middle class shopping malls which are consist of high-street brands such as Uniqlo, Marks & Spencer, H&M and Cotton On. The largest shopping center is Grand Metropolitan with over 125,000 m² of floor space.[7] Other shopping centers include Metropolitan Mall, Summarecon Mal Bekasi, Mal Ciputra Cibubur, Mega Bekasi Hypermall, Grand Galaxy Park, Grand Mall, Blu Plaza, BTC Mall, GP Mall, Bekasi Cyber Park, Plaza Pondok Gede, Revo Town and Lagoon Avenue. Many hotels developed in Bekasi, such as Santika, Horison, Harris, Aston Imperial, Amaris, Amaroossa, and Tune Hotel.

Industry[edit]

In addition to its numerous residential areas, there are several important industrial areas in the outskirts of Bekasi. Most of them are in Bekasi Regency, rather than the city limits. These include the Jababeka, MM 2100, Bekasi International Industrial Estate (BIIE), Delta Silicon Industrial Park, Lippo Cikarang, Greenland International Industrial City (GIIC) and East Jakarta Industrial Park (EJIP) districts. Many large companies, such as Honda, LG, Converse and Samsung, have factories in Bekasi. Nowadays some 4,000 companies are operating in Bekasi and surrounding areas. It is estimated that approximately 1,000 expatriate workers[8] and over 500,000 laborers are working in the area.

Hankook Tire of South Korea is building a US$353 million tire plant in Bekasi and started production in 2014.[9]

Infrastructure[edit]

Bekasi commercial centers

The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in Bekasi has been induced by infrastructure development, especially roads, highways and railways.

Road and highway[edit]

Bekasi is connected by the Trans-Java Highway, the main road across Java. There are three highways connections from the Jabodetabek urban area. The Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road, which has three exits in Bekasi; the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, which provides access to Tangerang, Jakarta and Bogor as well as the new Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road. In 2019, Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road will operate to ease traffic in current toll road between Cikunir to West Karawang with a total length of 36.4 kilometers.[10] Owing to its location as a satellite city of Jakarta, heavy rush hour traffic jams have become common on the roads between East Jakarta and Bekasi.

KM Toll Road Toll Gate Destination
08 Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road Jatibening Jatibening, Jatiwaringin, Cikunir
12 Bekasi Barat Kayuringin, Pekayon, Summarecon Bekasi
16 Bekasi Timur Margahayu, Bulak Kapal, Bantar Gebang
37 Jakarta Outer Ring Road Jatiwarna Jatiwarna, Kranggan, Pondok Gede
41 Jatiasih Jatiasih, Cikunir, Jatimekar
47 Kalimalang Kranji, Jakasampurna, Bintara Jaya
49 Bintara Bintara, Bintara Jaya, Harapan Baru
13 Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road Jakasampurna Jakasampurna, Jakasetia, Grand Galaxy City

Railway[edit]

The government is currently constructing a double track railway connecting Manggarai to Cikarang, which would be finished around the late 2018.[11] Beside a double track railway, the government also building a 17.9 km light rail transit line connecting East Bekasi-Cawang-Dukuh Atas across Greater Jakarta.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Former Tokyo Metro 05 series EMU set 112 stabled at Bekasi Station in Indonesia

At present, rapid transit in Bekasi across Greater Jakarta consists of a BRT TransJakarta and a commuter rail KRL Jabodetabek. KRL Jabodetabek serves from Bekasi to Jakarta Kota via Pasar Senen/Manggarai vice versa. Another train service is airport train service connecting the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport to Bekasi.

The TransJakarta and the Transjabodetabek premium serves commuters from Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Bulak Kapal, and Jatiwarna, as well as the feeder buses from Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City to Jakarta city center. The Trans Patriot will operate two routes within the city. Damri shuttle bus service is available from the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport to Kayuringin and Harapan Indah. Taxis are widely available. The primary means of public transportation is by minibus, called Koasi. They serve certain routes throughout the city.

The main bus terminal is Terminal Bekasi, located in East Bekasi. The other terminals are Pondok Gede, Harapan Indah and Kayuringin.

Demographics[edit]

The latest official (2014) of Bekasi population was 2,663,011, giving a density of 11,900/km2 (31,000/sq mi). Bekasi is inhabited by many different ethnic groups, mostly Betawi and Javanese descent. Sundanese are the largest minority as well as other minorities include Minangkabau, Bataks, and Chinese. With Indonesia introducing identity cards as of 2011, and newcomers flood the city trying to blend in with returnees following major holidays, DKI Jakarta has clamped down on this practice with police questioning and tougher residency requirements, leading returnees to increasingly try their luck in Bekasi. However, as of 2017, crowded Bekasi has begun similar tactics to stem the flow of new arrivals contributing to uncontrolled population growth.

Most citizens in Bekasi adhere to Islam. Other religions include Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism), Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Sport[edit]

Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium

Bekasi was the home base of the soccer team Persija Jakarta, with Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium as the home stadium of the club.

Administration[edit]

Bekasi City is divided into 12 districts ('kecamatan'):

District Population
(2014 census)
Jatisampura 129,036
Pondok Gede 282,817
Pondok Melati 147,674
Jatiasih 230,143
Bantar Gebang 112,167
Mustika Jaya 214,071
East Bekasi 258,391
Rawalumbu 241,859
South Bekasi 221,519
West Bekasi 293,144
Medan Satria 178,612
North Bekasi 353,578

In popular culture[edit]

Local Media[edit]

Kalimalang (Greater Bekasi Media)

People from Bekasi[edit]

Famous people from Bekasi include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tomorrow Rahmat Effendi officially mayor". viva.co.id. May 2, 2012.
  2. ^ bekasikota.bps.go.id http://bekasikota.bps.go.id/linkTableDinamis/view/id/9 Sensus Penduduk Kota Bekasi 2014
  3. ^ Peter J. Katzenstein, Takashi Shiraishi; Beyond Japan: The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism; 2006
  4. ^ http://properti.kompas.com Pasar "Middle-up" Bekasi Menggiurkan, Rumah Harga Rp 800 Juta Paling Dicari!
  5. ^ http://www.bekasikota.go.id Sejarah Kota Bekasi
  6. ^ Jefriando, Maikel. "Ekonomi Jakarta Digabung Bekasi, Bogor, dan Tangerang Capai Rp 2.490 T".
  7. ^ http://www.rumah.com Mal Grand Metropolitan Bekasi Resmi Dibuka
  8. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com Approximately Cikarang residential place of choice for expatriates
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  10. ^ https://www.republika.co.id/berita/en/national-politics/18/09/12/pewnut414-50-percent-of-jakartacikampek-elevated-toll-road-completed 50 percent of Jakarta-Cikampek elevated toll road completed
  11. ^ http://www.thepresidentpost.com Minister Jonan: Manggarai-Cikarang Double Track Project to Be Finished in 2017
  12. ^ http://www.cnnindonesia.com Bos Adhi Karya yakin Proyek LRT Bantu Kurangi Macet Jakarta

External links[edit]