Bela Palanka

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Bela Palanka
Бела Паланка
Town and municipality
View from heights
View from heights
Coat of arms of Bela Palanka
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bela Palanka within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bela Palanka within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°13′N 22°19′E / 43.217°N 22.317°E / 43.217; 22.317Coordinates: 43°13′N 22°19′E / 43.217°N 22.317°E / 43.217; 22.317
Country  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Pirot
Settlements 46
Government
 • Mayor

Goran Miljkovic

(DS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 551 km2 (213 sq mi)
Elevation 394 m (1,293 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 8,143
 • Municipality 12,126
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18310
Area code +381(0)18
Car plates PI[verification needed]
Website www.belapalanka.org.rs

Bela Palanka (Serbian Cyrillic: Бела Паланка, pronounced [bɛ̂ːlaː pǎlaːŋka]) is a town and municipality located in the Pirot District of the eastern Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the population of the town is 8,143, and the population of the municipality is 12,126. In ancient times, the town was known as Remesiana. The name Bela Palanka means 'white town'.

Geography[edit]

Bela Palanka is a small town in the southeast of the country and is surrounded by countryside and mountains. The town is accessible from the nearby city of Niš by the Niš Express buses that run from Niš to Pirot, Babušnica, Dimitrovgrad, and Sofia.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 29,641 —    
1953 28,756 −3.0%
1961 24,982 −13.1%
1971 21,325 −14.6%
1981 18,744 −12.1%
1991 16,447 −12.3%
2002 14,381 −12.6%
2011 12,126 −15.7%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has 12,126 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 10,395
Romani 1,418
Muslims 10
Macedonians 8
Bulgarians 8
Others 257
Total 12,126

History[edit]

The town was originally settled by the Dacians and was known under the ancient name of Aiadava or Aeadaba. Thracians inhabited the area until their assimilation into contemporary ethnic groups in the area.

After the Romans conquered Moesia in 75 BC, the new castrum (imperial domain with estates) and municipium was known initially as Ulpianorum and then Remesiana[4] (Moesi) and stood along the Via Militaris between Naissus and Serdica.

Emperor Justinian had following strongholds in the district of Remesiana:

Brittura Subaras Lamponiana Stronges Dalmatas Primiana Phrerraria Topera Tomes Cuas Tzertzenutzas Stens Aeadaba Destreba Pretzouries Cumudeba Deurias Lutzolo Rhepordenes Spelonca Scumbro Briparo Tulcoburgo Longiana Lupophantana Dardapara Burdomina Grinciapana Graecus Drasimarca

The patron saint of Romania, Nicetas of Remesiana, was a 4th-century bishop at Remesiana. Peter the Hermit was defeated by the Byzantines in the north and regrouped at an evacuated Bela Palanka, gathering the harvest before heading to Constantinople.[5]

Excavations include well-preserved castrum dating to 4th century and a hoard of 260 coins minted during the rule of Constantine I, Theodosius I, Tiberius Claudius Nero (3rd century AD).[6] During the 1096 People's Crusade the town, left abandoned by its inhabitants, was briefly occupied by the pilgrims led by Peter the Hermit, Walter of Breteuil and Rainald of Breis.

From 1929 to 1941, Bela Palanka was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  5. ^ God's war: a new history of the Crusades-Christopher Tyerman 2006
  6. ^ Ancient diseases: the elements of palaeopathology-Srboljub Živanović 1982

External links[edit]