Belarus–Iran relations

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Belarus-Iran relations
Map indicating locations of Belarus and Iran

Belarus

Iran

Belarus–Iran relations are foreign relations between Belarus and Iran. Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1992. Belarus has an embassy in Tehran. Iran has an embassy in Minsk. The two countries have enjoyed good relations in recent years reflected in regular high level meetings and various agreements. In 2008, Belarusian Foreign Minister Sergei Martynov described Iran as an important partner of his country in the region and the world.[1]

Agreements[edit]

In July 2004, an Iran-Belarus joint economic commission meeting was held and an agreement was signed on bolstering mutual economic cooperation.[2]

In April 2006, the two countries signed a number of economic and trade agreements.[3]

In November 2006, Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko visited Tehran and signed agreements to expand bilateral cooperation and reaffirmed Belarus' support of Iran's nuclear efforts.[4][5]

2007 meeting[edit]

In May 2007, the two countries signed cooperation accords, following a meeting of Belarusian President Lukashenko and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. They signed a joint communique on the results of the visit to Belarus by the President Ahmadinejad [6][7] President Lukashenko said that Belarus and Iran have removed all the impediments to the bilateral trade.[8] President Ahmadinejad said "from now on Belarusian-Iranian relations will develop to ensure stability and security in the world." [9]

Trade[edit]

In 2008, Belarus-Iran trade made $93.8 million (23.6% up), with Belarus’ export as high as $83.7 million (25.8% up), import — $10.2 million (8.3% up). The foreign trade surplus totaled $73.5 million. Belarus’ main exports are potash fertilizers, synthetic fibers, synthetic fiber cords, while the main imports are cars, grape, spare parts for automobiles and tractors.[10]

In 2008, Iranian investments in Belarus amounted to $13.1 million, including $9.9 million in direct investments.[10] In 2010, Iran inaugurated a large copper wire factory and the second phase of Samand car assembly line in Beluarus.[11]

Belarus and Iran claim that they can raise the mutual trade turnover up to $1 billion, said Iranian Commerce Minister Masoud Mir-Kazemi as he met with Prime Minister of Belarus Sergei Sidorsky.[10] Currently the two countries' trade value stands at $3.250 billion.[11]

Military cooperation[edit]

It has been reported that Belarus has exported tanks, armored personnel carriers, and heavy artillery to Iran.[4]

In January 2007, the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding for defence.[12] Defence cooperation was discussed in the meeting between the two presidents in May that year.[13]

In 2009, it was reported that Belarus was selling Russian-made Iskander-M tactical missile systems to Iran [14]

Energy[edit]

In May 2007, Iran granted Belarus greater access to oil reserves following a meeting of the two presidents. what Belarusian President Lukashenko called a "strategic partnership." Iran gave Belarus long-discussed access to the Jofeir oil field, which is near the Iraq border and could produce up to 30,000 barrels a day once operational. Lukashenko said the crude from Jofeir would either be refined in Iran or simply extracted by Belarus and sold on world markets. It would be the first energy project abroad for Belarus. [15][16] He also said "Iran is ready to help Belarus diversify its energy supplies" [17]

In May 2009, Belarus Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Semashko met Vice Governor of the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran Reza Raei.[18] Following this meeting, the Central Bank of Iran announced it will lend $212m to Belarus' state-run firm Belarusneft for the development of the Jofeir oil field [19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tehran Times". Tehran Times. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  2. ^ "Apps - Access My Library - Gale". Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "Belarus, Iran Sign Economic Contracts". Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Iran, Belarus Sign Cooperation Agreements Radio Free Europe - 7 November 2006
  5. ^ "Apps - Access My Library - Gale". Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "NewsLibrary.com - newspaper archive, clipping service - newspapers and other news sources". Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Iran/Belarus: Lukashenka In Tehran For High-Level Talks". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  8. ^ Alexander Lukashenko: Belarus, Iran removed all impediments to trade Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. National Legal Internet Portal of Republic of Belarus - 22 May 2007
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  10. ^ a b c http://www.government.by/en/eng_dayevents20090213.html[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ a b "Iran launches copper wire, car production units in Belarus". Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  12. ^ Sputnik (24 January 2007). "Belarus, Iran sign memorandum of understanding on defense". Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-10. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  14. ^ "Tehran Times". Tehran Times. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-05-25. Retrieved 2009-05-14. 
  16. ^ http://www.moscowtimes.ru/article/852/49/194549.htm
  17. ^ Sputnik (22 May 2007). "Belarus, Iran leaders happy with outcome of Minsk visit". Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  18. ^ Belarus plans to enhance joint project on oil production in Jofeir field Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. The National State Teleradiocompany of the Republic of Belarus 12 June 2009
  19. ^ Iranian central bank helps fund Belarusneft oil exploration Middle East Business Intelligence 21 May 2009

External links[edit]