Belarusian Christian Democracy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Belarusian Christian Democracy
Leader Paval Sieviaryniets
Founded 1917 (as BCDU)
2005 (as BCD)
Headquarters Minsk, Belarus
Ideology Christian democracy
Liberal conservatism
Social conservatism
Political position Centre-right
National affiliation Belarusian Independence Bloc
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
European affiliation European Christian Political Movement (associate)
Colours          Blue & White
House of Representatives:
0 / 110
Council of the Republic:
0 / 64
Party flag
Flag of Belarus (1918, 1991-1995).svg
Politics of Belarus
Political parties

The Belarusian Christian Democracy (BCD, BChD, Belarusian: Беларуская хрысьціянская дэмакратыя) is a Christian-democratic political party in Belarus, established in 2005, which claims to be continuation of a short-lived movement with the same name, which existed at the beginning of the 20th century.

Christian Democratic organizations in Belarus before World War II[edit]

The Belarusian Christian democratic movement was created in early 20th century mostly by Belarusian theology students and seminarians. The Christian democratic circle in Vilna was publishing the weekly newspaper Biełarus.

In 1917 Belarusian political activists in St. Petersburg created the first Belarusian Christian democratic political organization - the Belarusian Christian Democratic Union (Belarusian: Беларуская хрысьціянска-дэмакратычная злучнасьць). Among the founders of the BCDU were the priests Adam Stankievič and Vincent Hadleŭski.

Christian democrats participated in the First All-Belarusian Congress in December 1917 and took active part in preparation for establishment of the independent Belarusian National Republic in 1918.

On November 6, 1927 on the basis of the BCDU a new political party was created in Wilno under the name The Belarusian Christian Democracy. Since then the party was active in West Belarus. While most of other West Belarusian political parties were leftist or even pro-Soviet, the BCD was centre-right.

After unification of West Belarus with the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic, many leaders and members of the BCD became victims to Soviet repressions or were killed by Nazis during the later Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany. Practically, party ceased all activities in 1939. During the Soviet times, information about the BCD as well as all other non-communist political organizations was kept in secret, with only state-approved historians having access to relevant archives.[citation needed]

Establishment in modern Belarus[edit]

The first attempt to re-establish the BCD took place in 1991. All relevant documents for re-establishment were prepared, but the movement was never registered then.[1]

In 2005 a group of democratic activists created an initiative group to revive the Christian democratic party and are since then active under the brand Belarusian Christian Democracy.

Modern BCD sees promotion of Christian values and Belarusian patriotism in the country as its primary goal. The yet unregistered party is in opposition to president Alexander Lukashenka.

BCD has active contacts with religious groups. Unlike its predominantly Catholic predecessor in early 20th century, the current BCD positions itself as a party uniting also Orthodox and Protestant Christians.

As of 2007, the Belarusian Ministry of Justice has declined to register the political party.[2]

The BCD has nominated its candidate Vital Rymasheuski at the Belarusian presidential election, 2010.

The party was in favor of depriving the Russian language the status of second state language in Belarus. This important status of the Russian language obtained according to a national referendum in 1995, when for making the Russian language the status of state voted 83.3% of the population who took part in the referendum.


  1. ^ Ці прыжывецца ў Беларусі хрысьціянская дэмакратыя?
  2. ^ Об отказе в государственной регистрации Социального общественного объединения «БХД»

External links[edit]