Belcourt, North Dakota

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Belcourt, North Dakota
CDP
Belcourt water tower and buildings
Belcourt water tower and buildings
ND Rolette County Belcourt.svg
Coordinates: 48°50′26″N 99°44′48″W / 48.84056°N 99.74667°W / 48.84056; -99.74667Coordinates: 48°50′26″N 99°44′48″W / 48.84056°N 99.74667°W / 48.84056; -99.74667
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Rolette
Area
 • Total 6.0 sq mi (15.6 km2)
 • Land 5.8 sq mi (15.0 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 1,962 ft (598 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 2,078
 • Density 350/sq mi (130/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 58316
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-05740[2]
GNIS feature ID 1027873[3]

Belcourt is a census-designated place (CDP) in Rolette County, North Dakota in the United States. It is within the Turtle Mountain Indian Reservation. The population was 2,078 at the 2010 census.[1]

The community is the seat of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians. Belcourt was originally known as Siipiising, which is Anishinaabe (Chippewa) for "creek that sings with life-giving water." The name refers to what European Americans called "Ox Creek", which flows through the center of town.

Belcourt was laid out in 1884.[4] The community was named Belcourt in honour of Georges-Antoine Belcourt,[5] a French Jesuit missionary who served the Chippewa through his mission in the mid-nineteenth century. In his 1849 report to his superiors, he described the Chippewa historical territory in the Pembina River basin as covering an area about 400 miles from north to south and 500 miles from east to west.

The town is served by different forms of media, such as KEYA, a tribal radio station that can be found at 88.5 FM; and the Turtle Mountain Times, the tribally owned newspaper that was established in 2003. The Tribal Independent, an independently owned online newspaper, was established in 2011 and folded in 2012.

Geography[edit]

Belcourt is located at 48°50′26″N 99°44′48″W / 48.84056°N 99.74667°W / 48.84056; -99.74667 (48.840666, -99.746588).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.0 square miles (16 km2), of which, 5.8 square miles (15 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (3.36%) is water. It is named after Father Belcourt.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 1,803
1990 2,458 36.3%
2000 2,440 −0.7%
2010 2,078 −14.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,440 people, 806 households, and 561 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 417.0 people per square mile (161.0/km²). There were 856 housing units at an average density of 146.3/sq mi (56.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 3.93% White, 0.12% African American, 95.41% Native American, 0.25% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.

There were 806 households out of which 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.5% were married couples living together, 33.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.54.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 38.6% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $12,880, and the median income for a family was $15,000. Males had a median income of $23,047 versus $17,292 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,432. About 49.6% of families and 53.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 65.3% of those under age 18 and 30.6% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Belcourt has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Explain Origin of All County Towns". Turtle Mountain Star. September 5, 1940. p. 7. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 831. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Belcourt, North Dakota