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Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Belgachia Pareshnath Mandir
|Metro Line 1||Belgachia|
|Municipal Corporation||Kolkata Municipal Corporation|
|• Total||For population see linked KMC ward pages|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Area code(s)||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kolkata Uttar|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Kashipur Belgachhia|
The East India Company obtained from the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1717, the right to rent from 38 villages surrounding their settlement. Of these 5 lay across the Hooghly in what is now Howrah district. The remaining 33 villages were on the Calcutta side. After the fall of Siraj-ud-daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, it purchased these villages in 1758 from Mir Jafar, and reorganised them. These villages were known en-bloc as Dihi Panchannagram and Belgachia was one of them. It was considered to be a suburb beyond the limits of the Maratha Ditch.
Shree Digambar Jain Pareswanath Temple is considered one of the most sacred Jain temple of worship in Kolkata. This temple was built in 1914 and belongs to Diagambar sect of Jainism. This Nagar style temple, with ornamental pillars and sculptures copied from the old jain temples and caves, casts its shadow in the adjoining tank. The temple is surrounded by four gardens. An 81 feet high Manastambha (Pillar of Pride) with white marble is one of the major attraction of this temple. This temple is dedicated to Parshvanatha, the twenty-third tirthakar of Jainism. The temple also has a dharamshala equipped with modern facilities.
R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital at Belgachia is one of the five government medical colleges and hospitals in Kolkata. The medical college is affiliated with the West Bengal University of Health Sciences and offers undergraduate and post graduate courses. The hospital has 1,200 beds. With the broad vision of taking medical education beyond the limited sphere of the colonial rulers, Dr. Radha Gobinda Kar and other eminent personalities of the period established the Calcutta School of Medicine in 1886. It had its own building in 1902. It was amalgamated, in 1904, with the College of Physicians and Surgeons, which was founded in 1895. Belgachia Medical College, was formally inaugurated in 1916 by Lord Carmichael, the first Governor of Bengal, after annulment of the Partition of Bengal (1905). In 1919, the University of Calcutta granted it affiliation for the MB course. As Lord Carmichael played a leading role in the development, the college was named after him. In 1948, the college was renamed after its founder and in 1958, it was taken over by the Government of West Bengal. In 2017, R. G. Kar Medical College was ranked 11th among medical colleges in India by India Today.
- Calcutta Jain Temple
- Jainism in West Bengal
- Kashipur Belgachia (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Belgachia East (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Belgachia West (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
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