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Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Belgachia Pareshnath Mandir
Belgachia Pareshnath Mandir
Belgachia is located in Kolkata
Location in Kolkata
Belgachia is located in West Bengal
Belgachia (West Bengal)
Coordinates: 22°36′N 88°23′E / 22.600°N 88.383°E / 22.600; 88.383Coordinates: 22°36′N 88°23′E / 22.600°N 88.383°E / 22.600; 88.383
StateWest Bengal
Metro Line 1Belgachia
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation
KMC ward3
 • TotalFor population see linked KMC ward pages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Area code(s)+91 33
Lok Sabha constituencyKolkata Uttar
Vidhan Sabha constituencyKashipur Belgachhia

Belgachia is a neighbourhood of north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal.


The East India Company obtained from the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1717, the right to rent from 38 villages surrounding their settlement. Of these 5 lay across the Hooghly in what is now Howrah district. The remaining 33 villages were on the Calcutta side. After the fall of Siraj-ud-daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, it purchased these villages in 1758 from Mir Jafar, and reorganised them. These villages were known en-bloc as Dihi Panchannagram and Belgachia was one of them. It was considered to be a suburb beyond the limits of the Maratha Ditch.[1][2][3]

Jain Temple[edit]

Shree Digambar Jain Pareswanath Temple is considered one of the most sacred Jain temple of worship in Kolkata.[citation needed] This temple was built in 1914 and belongs to Diagambar sect of Jainism. This Nagar style temple, with ornamental pillars and sculptures copied from the old jain temples and caves, casts its shadow in the adjoining tank. The temple is surrounded by four gardens. An 81 feet high Manastambha (Pillar of Pride) with white marble is one of the major attraction of this temple. This temple is dedicated to Parshvanatha, the twenty-third tirthakar of Jainism. The temple also has a dharamshala equipped with modern facilities.[4][5]


Belgachia Metro Station is the nearest metro station of Kolkata Metro. There is also Belgachhia Tram Depot, the northernmost depot of Kolkata tram.


R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital at Belgachia is one of the five government medical colleges and hospitals in Kolkata. The medical college is affiliated with the West Bengal University of Health Sciences and offers undergraduate and post graduate courses.[6] The hospital has 1,200 beds.[7] With the broad vision of taking medical education beyond the limited sphere of the colonial rulers, Dr. Radha Gobinda Kar and other eminent personalities of the period established the Calcutta School of Medicine in 1886. It had its own building in 1902. It was amalgamated, in 1904, with the College of Physicians and Surgeons, which was founded in 1895. Belgachia Medical College, was formally inaugurated in 1916 by Lord Carmichael, the first Governor of Bengal, after annulment of the Partition of Bengal (1905). In 1919, the University of Calcutta granted it affiliation for the MB course. As Lord Carmichael played a leading role in the development, the college was named after him. In 1948, the college was renamed after its founder and in 1958, it was taken over by the Government of West Bengal.[8][9] In 2017, R. G. Kar Medical College was ranked 11th among medical colleges in India by India Today.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "District Census Handbook Kolkata, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 6-10: The History. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  2. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, first published 1909/reprint 1980, pages 103-4 and 221, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  3. ^ Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 14-15, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "R.G. Kar Medical College and Hospital". RGKMC. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Health Statistics -> Hospital" (PDF). District:Kolkata. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  8. ^ "The Indian Journal of Surgery, 2011". R.G. Kar Medical College, A Premiere Institute of India by Dilip Kumar Chakrabarti, Ramanuj Mukherjee, Samik Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Sasanka Nath, and Saibal Kumar Mukherjee. Springer. PMC 3208697. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  9. ^ "Carmichael, Lord". Banglapedia. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Directory of Best Colleges, 2017: Medical". India Today. Retrieved 11 April 2018.