Belgian Congo general election, 1960

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Belgian Congo general election, 1960
Belgian Congo
22 May 1960 1965 →

100 members of the Chamber of Deputies
All 84 members of the Senate
Turnout 81.8%
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Anefo 910-9740 De Congolese2.jpg Antoine Gizenga.jpg Joseph Kasa-Vubu in Israel.png
Leader Patrice Lumumba Antoine Gizenga Joseph Kasa-Vubu
Party MNC-Lumumba Parti Solidaire Africain ABAKO
Seats won 33 13 12
Popular vote 521,187 278,971 210,542
Percentage 23.4% 12.6% 9.5%

Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo

Patrice Lumumba
MNC-Lumumba

Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Democratic Republic of the Congo
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United Nations Mission

General elections were held in the Belgian Congo on 22 May 1960, in order to create a government to rule the country following independence, scheduled for 30 June. The 137-seat Chamber of Deputies was elected by men over the age of 21. The seats were filled by district-based lists,[1] although only two parties, the Mouvement National Congolais-Lumumba and the Parti National du Progrès, submitted lists in more than one district.

The MNC-L led by Patrice Lumumba won the most seats, and Lumumba was confirmed Prime Minister by Parliament after forming a coalition with the Parti Solidaire Africain, Centre de Regroupment Africain and some other parties.[1][2] Voter turnout was 81.8%.[3]

Following the election, an 84-seat Senate was elected by Provincial Assembly members, and the two chambers elected a president (Joseph Kasa-Vubu of ABAKO) together, after some days of turnoil.[4]

In the tumult of the last days of the Belgian domination, incidents caused returns to come late in some places.[5]

Results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Mouvement National Congolais-Lumumba 521,187 23.4 33
Parti Solidaire Africain 278,971 12.6 13
ABAKO 210,542 9.5 12
Mouvement National Congolais-Kalonji 147,578 6.6 7
Parti National du Progrès 137,195 6.1 7
CONAKAT 104,821 4.7 8
Centre de Regroupement Africain 95,721 4.3 10
Party of National Unity 92,547 4.2 7
BALUBAKAT (CK) 80,434 3.6 6
Congolese National Union 63,425 2.9 3
LUKA 52,612 2.4 3
Kasaian Union 47,526 2.1 2
Congolese Grouping 41,202 1.9 4
Basonge Unity Movement (MNC-L) 30,280 1.4 1
ATCAR (CK) 29,657 1.3 1
MEDERCO (PNP) 27,634 1.2 2
Ngwaka Association (PUNA) 26,114 1.2 2
Kasaian Coalition (MNC-L) 21,465 1.0 1
Alliance des Bayanzi 21,024 0.9 1
UNEBAFI (MNC-L) 19,324 0.9 1
Common Front–Delvaux 17,716 0.7 1
ARPPRC 16,892 0.8 1
Union of the Mongo 16,739 0.8 1
MNC-K Independents 14,364 0.6 1
Coutumier (PNP) 13,408 0.6 1
Democratic Rally of Lac, Kwango and Kwilu 12,761 0.6 1
Regional parties 19,422 0.9 2
Independents 63,333 2.8 5
Invalid/blank votes 549,701
Total 2,773,595 100 137
Registered voters/turnout 3,390,940 81.8
Source: Nohlen et al.

Senate[edit]

Party Seats
Mouvement National Congolais-Lumumba 21
Centre de Regroupement Africain 7
CONAKAT 7
ABAKO 5
Cartel Katangais 5
Parti Solidaire Africain 5
Mouvement National Congolais-Kalonji 4
Union of the Mongo 4
Congolese National Union 3
Parti National du Progrès 3
LUKA 2
Congolese Grouping 1
Democratic Rally of Lac, Kwango and Kwilu 1
Kasaian Coalition 1
People's Party 1
Other parties 1
Independents 5
Total 84
Source: Sternberger et al.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b DRC: 1960 National Assembly results EISA
  2. ^ "BELGIAN CONGO: Nightmare". Time. 1960-06-13. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-10-28. 
  3. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p291 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  4. ^ "BELGIAN CONGO: A Blight at Birth". Time. 1960-06-27. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-10-28. 
  5. ^ "BELGIAN CONGO: Late Returns". Time. 1960-06-06. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-10-28. 
  6. ^ Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Zweiter Halbband, p2428