Belgian Congo general election, 1960

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Belgian Congo general election, 1960
Belgian Congo
22 May 1960 1965 →

100 members of the National Assembly
All 84 members of the Senate
Turnout 81.8%
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Anefo 910-9740 De Congolese2.jpg Antoine Gizenga.jpg Joseph Kasa-Vubu in Israel.png
Leader Patrice Lumumba Antoine Gizenga Joseph Kasa-Vubu
Party MNC-Lumumba Parti Solidaire Africain ABAKO
Seats won 33 13 12
Popular vote 521,187 278,971 210,542
Percentage 23.4% 12.6% 9.5%

Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo

Patrice Lumumba
MNC-Lumumba

Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Foreign relations
United Nations Mission

General elections were held in the Belgian Congo on 22 May 1960, in order to create a government to rule the country following independence, scheduled for 30 June. The 137-seat Chamber of Representatives was elected by men over the age of 21. The seats were filled by district-based lists,[1] although only two parties, the Mouvement National Congolais-Lumumba and the National Party of Progress, submitted lists in more than one district.

The MNC-L led by Patrice Lumumba won the most seats, and Lumumba was elected Prime Minister by the National Assembly after forming a coalition with the Parti Solidaire Africain, Centre de Regroupment Africain and some other parties.[1] Voter turnout was 81.8%.[2]

Following the election, an 84-seat Senate was elected by Provincial Assembly members, and the two chambers elected a president (Joseph Kasa-Vubu of ABAKO) together.

Results[edit]

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Mouvement National Congolais-Lumumba 521,187 23.4 33
Parti Solidaire Africain 278,971 12.6 13
ABAKO 210,542 9.5 12
Mouvement National Congolais-Kalonji 147,578 6.6 7
National Party of Progress 137,195 6.1 7
CONAKAT 104,821 4.7 8
Centre de Regroupement Africain 95,721 4.3 10
Party of National Unity 92,547 4.2 7
BALUBAKAT (CK) 80,434 3.6 6
Congolese National Union 63,425 2.9 3
LUKA 52,612 2.4 3
Kasaian Union 47,526 2.1 2
Congolese Grouping 41,202 1.9 4
Basonge Unity Movement (MNC-L) 30,280 1.4 1
ATCAR (CK) 29,657 1.3 1
MEDERCO (PNP) 27,634 1.2 2
Ngwaka Association (PUNA) 26,114 1.2 2
Kasaian Coalition (MNC-L) 21,465 1.0 1
Alliance des Bayanzi 21,024 0.9 1
UNEBAFI (MNC-L) 19,324 0.9 1
Common Front–Delvaux 17,716 0.7 1
ARPPRC 16,892 0.8 1
Union of the Mongo 16,739 0.8 1
MNC-K Independents 14,364 0.6 1
Coutumier (PNP) 13,408 0.6 1
Democratic Rally of Lac, Kwango and Kwilu 12,761 0.6 1
Regional parties 19,422 0.9 2
Independents 63,333 2.8 5
Invalid/blank votes 549,701
Total 2,773,595 100 137
Registered voters/turnout 3,390,940 81.8
Source: Nohlen et al.

Senate[edit]

Party Seats
Mouvement National Congolais-Lumumba 21
Centre de Regroupement Africain 7
CONAKAT 7
ABAKO 5
Cartel Katangais 5
Parti Solidaire Africain 5
Mouvement National Congolais-Kalonji 4
Union of the Mongo 4
Congolese National Union 3
National Party of Progress 3
LUKA 2
Congolese Grouping 1
Democratic Rally of Lac, Kwango and Kwilu 1
Kasaian Coalition 1
People's Party 1
Other parties 1
Independents 5
Total 84
Source: Sternberger et al.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b DRC: 1960 National Assembly results EISA
  2. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p291 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  3. ^ Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl der Parlamente: Band II: Afrika, Zweiter Halbband, p2428