Belgian Mauser Model 1935
|Fusil Modèle 1935|
|Place of origin||Belgium|
|Wars||World War II|
Manufacture d’Armes de L’Etat
|Mass||4.3 kg (9.48 lb)|
|Length||1,100 mm (43 in)|
|Barrel length||600 mm (24 in)|
|Muzzle velocity||2,755 feet per second (840 m/s)|
|Feed system||5 round box magazine|
|Sights||Iron sights adjustable to 2,000 metres (2,200 yd)|
History and design
The Belgian Armed Forces had adopted the Mauser Model 1889, locally produced. After the First World War, the defeated Germany gave numbers of Mauser G.98 and Kar 98AZ to the kingdom. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, Fabrique Nationale was manufacturing the FN Model 24 and Model 30, but lack of funding prevented the Army from buying these modern short rifles. In 1935, a new rifle was designed to replace all the rifles and carbines used in the different units.
The Model 1935 combined elements of the Mauser 1889 (breach, magazine and stock) and of the Gewehr 98, but it was shorter. Some Model 35 rifles were modernised Mauser 98. Both the Manufacture d’Armes de L’Etat and the FN Herstal produced it between 1935 and 1940. A sniping version was also developed before the war.
The Belgian Army adopted it in 1935 but the Model 1935 never went into large scale production. It served during World War II alongside the Fusil Modèle 1936, a Model 1889 upgraded with some features of the Modèle 1935.
Nazi Germany captured many rifles after the invasion of Belgium. The standard Fusil 35 was designated Gewehr 262(b) and the sniping rifle Zielfernrohrgewehr 264(b). These rifles were used by second-line German units.
- Smith, Joseph E. (1969). Small Arms of the World (11 ed.). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company. p. 220.
- Guillou, Luc; Denamur, Patrick (January 2012). "Les fusils Mauser Belges modèle 1935 et 1936". Gazette des armes (in French). No. 38. pp. 36–41.
- Ball 2011, p. 35.
- Ball 2011, p. 45.
- Ball 2011, p. 36.
- Ball 2011, p. 422.
- Ball 2011, p. 17.
- Ball 2011, p. 44.