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Malinois dog

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Belgian Malinois
Female Malinois 2005-01-29.jpg
Other names (Chien de Berger Belge)
Mechelaar
Mechelse Herder
Mechelse Scheper
Pastor Belga Malinois
Origin Belgium
Traits
Weight Male 25–30 kg (55–66 lb)[1]
Female 20–25 kg (44–55 lb)[1]
Height Male 61–66 cm (24–26 in)
Female 56–61 cm (22–24 in)
Coat short
Color fawn
mahogany
black
Life span 10–12 years
Classification / standards
FCI Group 1, Section 1 #015 standard
AKC Herding standard
ANKC Group 5 (Working Dogs) standard
CKC Group 7-(Herding Dogs) standard
KC (UK) Pastoral standard
NZKC Working standard
UKC Herding Dog standard
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Malinois /ˈmælnwɑː/ is a medium-to-large[2] breed of dog, sometimes classified as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd dog rather than as a separate breed. The name "Malinois" is derived from Malines, the French name for the breed's city of origin.[3]

The breed is used as a working dog for tasks including detection of odors such as explosives, accelerants (for arson investigation), and narcotics; tracking humans for suspect apprehension in police work; and search and rescue missions. The U.S. Secret Service uses Belgian Malinois to guard the grounds of the White House.[4]

Appearance

The Malinois is a medium-to-large and square-proportioned dog in the sheepdog family. The Malinois has a short mahogany coat with black markings. It has black erect ears and a black muzzle. It has a square build in comparison to the German Shepherd.[2]

Coat and color

Due to its history as a working dog (i.e., being bred for function over form), the Malinois can vary greatly in appearance. The acceptable colors of pure-bred Malinois are a base color fawn to mahogany and tan with a black mask and black ears with some degree of black tipping on the hairs, giving an overlay appearance. The color tends to be lighter with less black agouti or overlay on the dog's underside, breeching, and inner leg. White markings are also allowed on the tips of the toes and the chest, as long as the white on the chest does not extend up to the neck.

The other varieties of Belgian Shepherd are distinguished by their coats and colors: the Tervuren is the same color as the Malinois but has long hair, the wire-coated Laekenois is fawn and lacks the black mask and ears, and the Groenendael (registered as Belgian Sheepdog by the American Kennel Club) has long hair and is solid black.

Size

Males are about 61–66 cm (24–26 in), while females are about 56–61 cm (22–24 in) at the withers.[5] Female Malinois average 20–25 kg (44–55 lb); males are heavier at 25–30 kg (55–66 lb).[1]

Temperament

Malinois in the ring competing in dog agility

Well-raised and trained Malinois are usually active, intelligent,[6][7][8] friendly,[6] protective,[7] alert and hard-working. Belgian Malinois exhibit energy levels that are among the highest of all dog breeds. A typical Malinois will have puppy-like energy until the age of three, though it is not uncommon for them to exhibit this energy level until the age of five. Many have excessively high prey drive. Some may be excessively exuberant or playful, especially when young.[6][7] They can be destructive or develop neurotic behaviors if not provided enough stimulation and exercise. This often causes problems for owners who are unfamiliar with the breed and are not prepared to provide the exercise they require or a job for them to do. They are medium-sized, strong dogs that require consistent obedience training, and enjoy being challenged with new tasks. They are known to be very easy to train, due to their high drive for rewards.[6][7]

Working dog

A Belgian Malinois working with Naval Security.

In Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and other European countries, as well as in the United States, Canada, Australia and Hong Kong, the Malinois is bred primarily as a working dog for personal protection, detection, police work, search and rescue, and sport work like Schutzhund. The United States Secret Service and Royal Australian Air Force[9] use the breed along with other working lines such as Dutch Shepherd, and also GSD.[10][11][12] In the United States Armed Forces, German shepherds lead the way, but close behind follows the Belgian Malinois.[13]

In India, The ITBP and National Security Guard (NSG) commando unit have inducted Malinois breed into its K-9 Unit.[14]

The dog is also used by Israel Defense Forces. Malinois are a suitable size to be picked up by their handlers when required, while still being able to attack their enemies, and their shorter coats and fair and neutral colors make them less prone to heatstroke.[citation needed]

United States Navy SEALs used a Belgian Malinois war dog named Cairo in Operation Neptune Spear, in which Osama bin Laden was killed.[15][16][17]

On 18 November 2015, Diesel, a seven-year-old Malinois RAID assault dog employed by the French police, was killed in a shootout with suspected terrorists in the Saint-Denis area of Paris, while searching for suspects involved in the November 2015 Paris attacks.[18]

Activities

A U.S. Air Force Belgian Malinois atop an M2A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle in Iraq in 2007.

Malinois can compete in dog agility trials and in flyball, herding, obedience, showmanship, and tracking events, and are one of the most popular breeds used in protection sports such as the Schutzhund. In America herding is a popular activity.

Herding instincts can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. In 2011 alone, the AKC awarded 39 new herding titles to Belgian Malinois.[19][20]

Health

The average lifespan of the Belgian Malinois is 10–12 years.[7] Notable health problems prevalent to the Malinois include cataracts,[8] epilepsy,[8][21] thyroid disease, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia,[7][8] and pannus, although these problems have been minimized[citation needed] through selective breeding.

In popular culture

Literature

Television

Film

Notable Belgian Malinois

The police dog killed in the aftermath of the Paris terrorist attacks was a Malinois named Diesel who was given a funeral with full honours.[24]

Rocket, a Belgian Malinois raised in India's National Security Guard's K-9 unit, as an expert assault and sniffer dog, was recommended for gallantry award in 2016, for detecting fidayeen presence in Pathankot airbase attack. During the operation he received burn injuries on his paws and forehead, but after treatment for weeks he was back on duty.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Belgian Shepherd Dog" (PDF). FCI. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/belgian-malinois/
  3. ^ Contemporary English speakers refer to the city by its Dutch name, Mechelen. The city is located in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium. Belgium has three official languages.
  4. ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (September 21, 2014). "White House May Check Tourists Blocks Away". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2014. At all times, there are several muzzled Belgian Malinois on the White House grounds, officials said. 
  5. ^ "Breed Standard". The Kennel Club. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Frequently Asked Questions". Belgian Shepherd Dog Club of Canada. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Frequently Asked Questions". MalinoisClub.com. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  8. ^ a b c d "About Belgian Shepherd Dogs". Northern Belgian Shepherd Dog Club. 2004-01-01. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  9. ^ "Military working dogs". Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "The U.S. Secret Service Today". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  11. ^ "Belgian Malinois Dog Breed". GoPetsAmerica.com. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  12. ^ Melanson, Philip H. (2005). The Secret Service: the Hidden History of an Enigmatic Agency. Basic Books (via Google Books). p. 189. ISBN 0-7867-1617-7. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  13. ^ "How 'Super Dogs' aid Navy SEALS". WKYC. May 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  14. ^ "NSG inducts dog breed that sniffed out Osama Bin Laden's hideout in Pakistan". October 26, 2014. 
  15. ^ Viegas, Jennifer (2 May 2011). "A U.S. Navy Seals' Secret Weapon: Elite Dog Team". Discovery.com. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  16. ^ Brammer, Jack; Steven Thomma (7 May 2011). "Obama thanks special forces for daring bin Laden raid". Seattle Times. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "Belgian Malinois: The Dog That Took Down Osama Bin Laden?". Huffington Post. May 5, 2011. Archived from the original on 6 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  18. ^ "Counter-terrorism police dog Diesel died in Saint-Denis operation", The Irish Times (18 November 2015).
  19. ^ "Events: Annual Statistics" (PDF). AKC.org. 2011. 
  20. ^ Hartnagle-Taylor, Jeanne Joy; Taylor, Ty (2010). Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. ISBN 978-1-57779-106-5. 
  21. ^ "Health and Temperament". The Belgian Shepherd Dog Club of Canada. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  22. ^ Rollins, James & Blackwood, Grant (2014). The Kill Switch. 
  23. ^ "Bear – Person of Interest (TV Series)". Dog Actors. 2012. 
  24. ^ "Police dog killed in shoot out with terror suspects was due to retire". Mail Online. Retrieved 2015-12-22. 
  25. ^ "Gallant 'Rocket', who detected fidayeen presence in Pathankot, recommended for award". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-04-23. 

Further reading

  • Hartnagle-Taylor, Jeanne Joy, and Taylor, Ty (2010). Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. ISBN 978-1-57779-106-5. 
  • Kaldenbach, Jan (June 15, 1997). The Malinois (1st (paperback) ed.). Detselig Enterprises. ISBN 1-55059-151-7. 
  • Linzy, Jan (October 2003). Belgian Malinois Champions, 1996–2002. Camino E E & Book Co. ISBN 1-55893-126-0. 
  • Pollet, Robert (September 1, 2005). Belgian Malinois. Kennel Club Books. ISBN 1-59378-650-6. 

External links