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|Country of origin||Belgium|
The Belgian Warmblood or Belgisch Warmbloedpaard is a Belgian breed of warmblood sport horse. It is bred for dressage, for show-jumping and for three-day eventing.: 164 It is one of three Belgian warmblood breeds or stud-books, the others being the Zangersheide and the Belgian Sport Horse – to which last it is quite similar.: 12
Breeding of the Belgian Warmblood was begun in 1937, from foundation stock that included Gelderlanders from Holland, Hanoverians from Germany and Norman stock from France.: 444 It was initially bred as an agricultural riding horse, as in the northern or Flemish-speaking part of Belgium the breeding of saddle horses was restricted in order to protect breeding of the Belgian Draught or Brabant heavy horse. After this restriction was lifted in 1954, a breed society, the Fokvereninging van het Landbourijpaard, was formed; a stud-book was opened in 1955.: 444
The first stallion show for riding horses in Belgium took place, illegally, in 1953. Without native riding horses or all-purpose heavy warmbloods, Belgian breeders had to import stallions and mares. Over the course of 50 years, the BWP accrued a mare base of over 3,500 broodmares and produced a significant number of international-quality show jumpers.
As a warmblood horse, the Belgian Warmblood is characterized not by uniformity of coat color, appearance, or pedigree chart, but by uniformity of purpose. Like other warmbloods, Belgian Warmblood breeding horses are subjected to rigorous studbook selection.
The most reliable way to positively identify a Belgian Warmblood is by the brand on the left thigh. Belgian Warmblood foals receive this brand during their foal inspection, when they are given a passport and deemed free of obvious defects.
Between three and four years old, Belgian Warmblood stallions are presented to a jury in a Hengstenkeuring or stallion licencing test. The licensing test consists of a veterinary inspection, subjective evaluation of the stallion's conformation and jumping ability without a rider, and evaluation of the stallion's qualities under saddle. Stallions that do not achieve the desired marks in the licensing test are not eligible for the stud book. To retain status in the stud book, stallions must participate in competitions for young show-jumping horses called the "Classic Cycle". Mares take part in similar conformational evaluations, but judgement of a mare's qualities as a riding horse are elective.
- Élise Rousseau, Yann Le Bris, Teresa Lavender Fagan (2017). Horses of the World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691167206.
- Laura Miller (February 2006). L'Equipage Farm. Equine Journal, Zone II. Archived 10 July 2011.
- Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
- Chris Hector ([n.d.]). Belgian Warmbloods. Pakenham, Victoria, Australia: The Horse Magazine. Archived 8 December 2003 .
- FEI/WBFSH World Ranking List – Jumping Horses by Studbook 2010. Maarslet: World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses. Archived 21 November 2010.
- "Belgisch Warmbloedpaard (BWP)" (PDF). Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Retrieved 13 February 2011.