Belgian general election, 1900

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Belgian general election, 1900
Belgium
← 1898 27 May 1900 1902 →

All 152 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
State Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Full general elections were held in Belgium on 27 May 1900.[1]

They were the first elections under a proportional system (using the D'Hondt method) instead of a majority system. This was an innovation in Europe, as Belgium became the first country to adopt proportional representation as basis of its electoral system. To make the system possible, smaller electoral districts (arrondissements) were grouped into a single electoral district (a group of arrondissements). The introduction of proportional representation was beneficial to the Liberal Party, which significantly increased its number of seats. The Liberal Party previously suffered losses after the introduction of universal suffrage in 1894.

The Catholic Party thus lost seats but retained its absolute majority, with 86 of the 152 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 44 of the 76 seats in the Senate.[2]

Results[edit]

Chamber of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Catholic Party 993,945 48.5 86 –26
Liberal Party 464,959 22.7 31 +18
Belgian Labour Party 461,295 22.5 32 +5
Christene Volkspartij 52,093 2.5 1 +1
Radicals 78,622 3.8 2 +2
Other parties 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 83,417
Total 2,134,331 100 152 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Catholic Party 911,262 52.8 44
Liberal Party 565,767 32.8 23
Belgian Labour Party 119,000 6.9 4
Other parties 129,636 7.5 5
Invalid/blank votes
Total 1,725,665 100 76
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Constituencies[edit]

The distribution of seats among the electoral districts was as follows for the Chamber of Representatives.[3] As the electoral system changed to a proportional one, the electoral arrondissements with only one or two representatives were grouped together to form larger ones. Each electoral district now had at least 3 representatives, with the exception of Neufchâteau-Virton.

Province Arrondissement Previous New
Antwerp Antwerp 11
Mechelen 4
Turnhout 3
Limburg Hasselt 3
Maaseik 1 3
Tongeren 2
East Flanders Aalst 4
Oudenaarde 3
Gent 9 10
Eeklo 1
Dendermonde 3
Sint-Niklaas 4
West Flanders Bruges 3
Roeselare 2 4
Tielt 2
Kortrijk 4
Ypres 3
Veurne 1 4
Diksmuide 1
Ostend 2
Brabant Leuven 6
Brussels 18
Nivelles 4
Hainaut Tournai 4 6
Ath 2
Charleroi 8
Thuin 3
Mons 6
Soignies 3
Liège Huy 2 4
Waremme 2
Liège 11
Verviers 4
Luxembourg Arlon 1 3
Marche 1
Bastogne 1
Neufchâteau 1 2
Virton 1
Namur Namur 4
Dinant 2 4
Philippeville 2
152 152


References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. p. 289. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7. 
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, pp307-310
  3. ^ List of members of the Chamber of Representatives (1900-1901)