Belgian general election, 1932

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Belgian general election, 1932
Belgium
← 1929 27 November 1932 1936 →

All 187 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
All 93 seats in the Senate

Government before election

de Broqueville II
Catholic-Liberal

Elected Government

de Broqueville II
Catholic-Liberal

General elections were held in Belgium on 27 November 1932.[1] The Catholic Party won 79 of the 187 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 42 of the 93 seats in the Senate.[2] Voter turnout was 94.3%.[3]

Background[edit]

Prime Minister de Broqueville

The elections occurred during an economic crisis, the Great Depression. The Catholic-Liberal government led by Jules Renkin faced rising unemployment, derailing public finances and strikes benefiting the Communist Party. Parliamentary elections were due in May 1933 at the latest. On 18 October 1932, Prime Minister Renkin resigned under pressure from King Albert I, allowing the more experienced Charles de Broqueville to take charge. He immediately dissolved parliament and scheduled parliamentary elections for 27 November 1932.

Municipal elections had also occurred on 9 October 1932, where the Catholic Party lost ground to socialists and liberals. To avoid losses during the parliamentary elections, de Broqueville used the issue of education in the election campaign, which was a major issue under his previous 1911–1918 government.

His strategy worked; the Catholics won, but also the socialists and communists gained ground, whereas the liberals lost seats. The socialists refused to enter government, and the Catholic-Liberal coalition continued their government and proceeded to take drastic measures for economic recovery.

Results[edit]

Chamber of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Catholic Party 899,887 38.5 79 +8
Belgian Labour Party 866,817 37.1 73 +3
Liberal Party 333,567 14.3 24 –4
Frontpartij 130,755 5.6 8 –3
Communist Party of Belgium 65,694 2.8 3 +2
Other parties 38,471 1.6 0 –6
Invalid/blank votes 74,361
Total 2,409,553 100 187 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Catholic Party 893,290 44.0 42
Belgian Labour Party 860,053 42.3 39
Liberal Party 339,127 16.7 11
Frontpartij 119,740 5.9 1
Communist Party of Belgium 54,902 2.7 0
Other parties 20,256 1.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 119,971
Total 2,409,533 100 93
Source (total/invalid): Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. p. 289. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7. 
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p308
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p290