Belgian general election, 1965

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Belgian general election, 1965
Belgium
← 1961 23 May 1965 1968 →

212 seats in the Chamber of Representatives

Government before election

Lefèvre
CVP/PSC-PSB-PSB

Elected Government

Harmel
CVP/PSC-PSB-PSB

State Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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General elections were held in Belgium on 23 May 1965.[1] The result was a victory for the Christian Social Party, which won 77 of the 212 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 44 of the 106 seats in the Senate.[2] Voter turnout was 91.6%.[3] Elections for the nine provincial councils were also held.

The elections followed the implementation of the 1962 language laws. As a result, the Flemish nationalist People's Union made big gains, as well as the new Democratic Front of the Francophones which was founded as a response to the language laws.

The election also followed the founding of the Party for Freedom and Progress, succeeding the Liberal Party. The new party aimed to reach a broader voter base, in which it succeeded by more than doubling its number of seats.

Despite both government parties losing seats, they retained their sizeable majority and continued governing.

Results[edit]

Chamber of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes  % Seats +/–
Christian Social Party (CVP-PSC) 1,785,211 34.45 77 –19
Belgian Socialist Party (BSP-PSB) 1,465,503 28.28 64 –20
Party for Freedom and Progress (PVV-PLP) 1,119,991 21.61 48 +28
People's Union (Volksunie) 346,860 6.69 12 +7
Communist Party of Belgium (KPB-PCB) 247,311 4.77 6 +1
Democratic Front of the Francophones (FDF) 68,966 1.33 3 New
Communists 41,674 0.80 0 New
Walloon Front 24,245 0.47 1 New
Walloon Workers' Party 23,582 0.46 1 New
de Socialist 14,937 0.29 0 New
Catholic Party 14,007 0.27 0 New
Flemish People's Party 13,321 0.26 0 New
Walloon Communist Party 13,321 0.26 0 New
Independent Social Party 9,493 0.18 0 New
Independent Workers Union 8,680 0.17 0 New
Flemish Democrats 7,983 0.15 0 New
Walloon Democratic Front 5,709 0.11 0 New
Afzonderlijk 4,762 0.09 0 New
Francophone Union 3,776 0.07 0 New
Independent National Party 3,089 0.06 0 New
Animal Protection 2,543 0.05 0 New
Belgian Workers' Party 2,237 0.04 0 New
Independent Rally 2,213 0.04 0 New
National Party 1,889 0.04 0 0
Return to Liège 1,552 0.03 0 New
Union of Independents 1,014 0.02 0 New
Independent Middle Class 958 0.02 0 New
Kaganovemus 890 0.02 0 New
Trotsky Communists 385 0.01 0 New
New Resistance Movement 309 0.01 0 New
Independents 493 0.01 0 –1
Invalid/blank votes 396,941
Total 5,578,876 100 212 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,091,534 91.58
Source: Belgian Elections

Senate[edit]

Party Votes  % Seats +/–
Christian Social Party (CVP-PSC) 1,785,191 34.89 44 –3
Belgian Socialist Party (BSP-PSB) 1,449,482 28.33 31 –14
Party for Freedom and Progress (PVV-PLP) 1,111,894 21.73 23 +12
People's Union (Volksunie) 338,770 6.62 4 +2
Communist Party of Belgium (KPB-PCB) 249,796 4.88 3 +2
Democratic Front of the Francophones (FDF) 68,397 1.34 1 New
Walloon Democratic Front 27,215 0.53 0 New
Walloon Workers' Party 21,511 0.42 0 New
Independent Social Party 12,180 0.24 0 New
Walloon Communist Party 11,600 0.23 0 New
Francophone Union 7,656 0.15 0 New
Independent Rally 7,456 0.15 0 New
Independent Workers Union 6,448 0.13 0 New
Catholic Party 5,226 0.10 0 New
Belgian Workers' Party 4,207 0.08 0 New
Independent National Party 4,066 0.08 0 New
National Party 2,885 0.06 0 0
Kaganovemus 1,739 0.03 0 New
Independent Middle Class 831 0.02 0 New
Flemish Democrats 475 0.01 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 461,584
Total 5,578,609 100 106 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,091,534 91.58
Source: Belgian Elections

Constituencies[edit]

The distribution of seats among the electoral districts was as follows for the Chamber of Representatives. Seats were reapportioned among the districts due to population growth, which was stronger in Flanders than in Wallonia, and due to several municipalities having been changed to another province following the 1962 language laws. For example, the Comines-Warneton municipalities were transferred from Ypres (West Flanders) to the newly created arrondissement of Mouscron (Hainaut), causing Ypres to lose one seat and Tournai-Ath-Mouscron to gain one seat.

Province Arrondissement(s) Chamber Change
Antwerp Antwerp 20
Mechelen 6
Turnhout 7 +1
Limburg Hasselt 6 +1
Tongeren-Maaseik 7 +1
East Flanders Aalst 6
Oudenaarde 3
Gent-Eeklo 13
Dendermonde 4
Sint-Niklaas 4
West Flanders Bruges 5
Roeselare-Tielt 5
Kortrijk 6
Ypres 2 –1
Veurne-Diksmuide-Ostend 5
Brabant Leuven 8 +1
Brussels 33 +1
Nivelles 5
Hainaut Tournai-Ath-Mouscron 7 +1
Charleroi 11
Thuin 3 –1
Mons 6 –1
Soignies 4
Liège Huy-Waremme 4
Liège 14
Verviers 5 –1
Luxembourg Arlon-Marche-Bastogne 3
Neufchâteau-Virton 2 –1
Namur Namur 5
Dinant-Philippeville 3 –1
Total 212

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p289 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, pp309-311
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p291