Belgian general election, 1991

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Belgian general election, 1991
Belgium
← 1987 24 November, 1991 1995 →

212 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
All 70 seats in the Senate
  First party Second party Third party
  Wilfried Martens Blank.png Frank Vandenbroucke
Leader Wilfried Martens Guy Spitaels Frank Vandenbroucke
Party CVP PS SP
Leader since Candidate for PM 1981 1989
Last election 43 seats, 19.5% 40 seats, 15.6% 32 seats, 14.9%
Seats won 39 35 28
Seat change Decrease4 Decrease5 Decrease4
Popular vote 1,035,165 831,199 737,976
Percentage 16.8% 13.5% 12.0%
Swing Decrease2.7% Decrease2.1% Decrease2.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Guy Verhofstadt Blank.png
Leader Guy Verhofstadt Antoine Duquesne
Daniel Ducarme
Gérard Deprez
Party PVV PRL PSC
Leader since 1989 1990 1981
Last election 25 seats, 11.5% 23 seats, 9.4% 19 seats, 8.0%
Seats won 26 20 18
Seat change Increase1 Decrease3 Decrease1
Popular vote 738,016 501,647 476,470
Percentage 12.0% 8.1% 7.7%
Swing Increase0.5% Decrease1.3% Decrease0.3%

Belgian federal election 1991 - Chamber - circumscriptions.svg
Colours denote the winning party in each electoral district, as shown in the table of results.

Prime Minister before election

Wilfried Martens
CVP

Elected Prime Minister

Wilfried Martens
CVP

State Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Belgium
Constitution
Foreign relations

The 24 November 1991 Belgian general elections was a Belgian election for the Belgian Chamber of Representatives and Belgian Senate. The results represented a big loss for the majority parties (Christian democrats and Socialists). The Vlaams Blok on the other hand had a very big gain; the day became known as "black Sunday" due to the rise of the far-right party.

These were the last elections before the new 1993 Belgian Constitution, which turned Belgium formally into a federal state: after this election, the number of MPs were reduced while the regional parliaments would become directly elected. The provincial elections would no longer coincide with national elections, but with municipal elections.

By law of 16 July 1991, experiments with electronic voting were carried out for the first time in Belgium during these elections, specifically in the canton of Verlaine (province of Liège) and the canton of Waarschoot (province of East Flanders).

Chamber of Representatives[edit]

Elections Belgian chamber 24/11/1991
Party Total Dutch-speaking electoral college French-speaking electoral college
Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats
  Christian People Party (CVP) 1,036,165 16.8 39 1,036,165 39
  Socialist Party (PS) 831,199 13.5 35 831,199 35
  Party for Freedom and Progress (PVV) 738,016 12.0 26 738,016 26
  Socialist Party (SP) 737,976 12.0 28 737,976 28
  Liberal Reform Party (PRL) 501,647 8.1 20 501,647 20
  Christian Social Party (PSC) 476,730 7.7 18 476,730 18
  Flemish Bloc (VB) 405,247 6.6 12 405,247 12
  People's Union (VU) 363,124 5.9 10 363,124 10
  Ecolo 312,624 5.1 10 312,624 10
  Agalev 299,550 4.9 7 299,550 7
ROSSEM 198,182 3.2 3 198,182 3
  Democratic Front of the Francophones (FDF)/PPW 90,813 1,5 3 90,813 3
  National Front (FN) 64,992 1.1 1 64,992 1
  Workers' Party (PVDA/PTB) 30,491 0.5
B.E.B. 15,429 0.3% -
REGEBO 11,944 0.2% -
Agir 11,189 0.2% -
PC 5,706 0.1% -
Socialist Workers' Party (SAP/POS) 5,243 0.1% -
V.D. 4,467 0.1% -
Walloon Rally 756 0.1% -
Total 6,162,160 100 212 100 100

Senate[edit]

Elections Belgian Senate 24/11/1991
Party Votes Percentage Seats
total 6,117,614 100% 70
CVP 1,028,699 16.8% 20
PS 814,136 13.2% 18
SP 730,274 11.9% 14
PVV 713,542 11.7% 13
PRL 496,562 8.1% 9
PSC 483,961 7.9% 9
Vlaams Blok 414,481 6.8% 5
Volksunie 365,173 6.0% 5
Ecolo 323,683 5.3% 6
Agalev 314,360 5.1% 5
ROSSEM 196,052 3.2% 1
FDF/PPW 86,026 1.4% 1
FN 60,876 1.0% -
PVDA/PTB 31,754 0.5% -
B.E.B. 15,893 0.3% -
REGEBO 12,150 0.2% -
PC 6,552 0.1% -
SAP/POS 6,485 0.1% -
V.D. 4,228 0.1% -
RW 3,441 0.1% -