Belgian identity card

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eID
Belgium ID 2015 (dutch).jpg
Front of the card
Belgium ID 2015 (dutch, verso).jpg
Reverse
Issued by Belgium
PurposeIdentification
Valid inEurope EU and rest of Europe (except Belarus, Russia and Ukraine)
 Egypt
France French overseas territories
 Montserrat (max. 14 days)
 Gambia
 Georgia
 Jordan (through Aqaba airport)
 Tunisia (organized tours)
 Turkey
EligibilityBelgian citizenship

All Belgians aged 12 and above are issued with a national identity card (Dutch: Identiteitskaart, French: Carte d’identité, German: Personalausweis). Belgians aged 15 and above are required to always carry it with them unless they are within 200m of their home. (Foreigners must at all times be able to provide identification, either a passport, or an identity document issued by another EU member state.) Holders who are Belgian citizens are also entitled to use the card for international travel within Europe (except to Belarus, Russia and Ukraine) as well as to Egypt, French overseas territories, the Gambia,[1] Georgia, Montserrat (max. 14 days), Turkey and on organized tours to Jordan (through Aqaba airport) and Tunisia in lieu of a Belgian passport.

The cards are manufactured by the Thales Group and over 28 million have been issued. From 2020, new cards bear the holder’s fingerprints.[2]

Use within Belgium[edit]

Belgians are required to carry the identity card and to show their identity cards when requested by:

  • police;
  • certain government agencies; or
  • authorised bus and train personnel.

They can be used together with a card reader to sign documents securely, store Belgian railway tickets, complete tax returns, consult the national register and access some bank accounts.

Physical appearance[edit]

Starting from 2020, the chip is at the back of the card, according to the European format, and the chip includes two fingerprints.[3][4]

All fields on the card are bilingual (English in combination with either Dutch, French or German) and the heading "Belgium / Identity card" in all four languages. The used language (and the one used first in the heading) depends on the official language of the place of residence (per the Belgian language areas), unless the residence is a Brussels municipality, in which case the holder may choose between French or Dutch, or a municipality with language facilities, in which case the holder may choose between French or Dutch, or French or German, depending on the local language facilities.

The cards are in credit card format (ID1) and contain a 3-line machine-readable strip on the back starting with IDBEL. The card holds the following information:[5]

  • Photograph of the bearer's face
  • Names of the holder (Surname and first two given names, initials of further given names)
  • Nobility title (if applicable)
  • Date and place of birth
  • Sex
  • Nationality: BELG/BELGE (Belgian)
  • ID card number, 12 digits in the form xxx-xxxxxxx-yy. The check-number yy is the remainder of the division of xxxxxxxxxx by 97. Note that if the calculated remainder is equal to 0, the check-number yy is reset to 97.
  • Validity period 6 years (for holders aged 12 to 18 years),10 years (for holders aged 18 to 75) or 30 years (for holders aged over 75)
  • Signature
  • Identification number of the National Register (each individual is issued a unique number for administration purposes). This number consists of 11 digits of the form yy.mm.dd-xxx.cd where yy.mm.dd is the birthdate of the person, xxx a sequential number (odd for males and even for females) and cd a check-digit.
  • Place of issue

If the holder wishes, the following info will also be mentioned on the card:

  • Marital status

Before 2005, the ID did not contain a chip, and the address of the holder was printed on the card. Currently, this is written only on the chip.

The ID card may be used as a travel document within most of Europe and several other countries (see above)[6]

Belgian consulates still issue old style ID cards (105 x 75 mm, validity 10 years) to Belgian citizens who are permanently residing in their jurisdiction and who choose to be registered at the consulate (which is strongly advised).

The Cost depending on the Commune/Consulate is approximately 20.50 Euros (2015) with a 5 Year Validity

Types[edit]

The cards are of various types:

  • eID for Belgian adult citizens
  • Kids-ID for Belgian children under 12 years
  • A for third-country nationals (non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens) with temporary right of residence (1 year)
  • B for third-country nationals (non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens) with permanent right of residence (who have resided legally and continuously in Belgium for five years on the basis of employment) – registered in the register of foreigners
  • C for third-country nationals with right of establishment – egistered in the civil registry
  • D for long-term residents (allowing residence in other EU countries)
  • E for EU/EEA/Swiss citizens with temporary (5-year) right of residence
  • E+ for EU/EEA/Swiss citizens with permanent right of residence
  • F for family members of EU/EEA/Swiss with temporary (5-year) right of residence
  • F+ for family members of EU/EEA/Swiss citizens with permanent right of residence
  • H ([European blue card https://ec.europa.eu/immigration/blue-card/essential-information_en]) for highly-qualified temporary workers from third countries (13 months)
  • M for UK nationals resident in Belgium prior to 3 December 2020 and benefiting from the Brexit withdrawal agreement (to be issued in 2021)
  • N for British cross-border workers benefiting from the Brexit withdrawal agreement
  • Special (CIS) for employees of international organisations and their families
  • Special (children)
  • Diplomatic
  • Consular

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/markets/digital-identity-and-security/government/customer-cases/belgium
  3. ^ "New Belgian eID 'first in the world' with extra protection against forgery". The Brussels Times. 15 January 2020.
  4. ^ "REGULATION (EU) 2019/1157 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 20 June 2019 on strengthening the security of identity cards of Union citizens and of residence documents issued to Union citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement". eur-lex.europa.eu. 2019-07-12.
  5. ^ "Elektronische identiteitskaart". Archived from the original on 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2006-03-09.
  6. ^ Reis Wijs - Reisdocumenten - Identiteitskaart