Belgium (1914–1940)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Belgium (1914–18))
Jump to: navigation, search
Kingdom of Belgium
Koninkrijk van België  (Dutch)
Royaume de Belgique  (French)
Königreich Belgien  (German)
Flag Coat of arms
Eendracht maakt macht  (Dutch)
L'union fait la force  (French)
Einigkeit macht stark  (German)
"Strength through Unity" (lit. "Unity makes strength")
Belgium and its colonial empire during the interwar period.
Black: Kingdom of Belgium
Dark Red: Belgian Congo
Red: Ruanda-Urundi
Capital Brussels
Languages Dutch, French, German
Government Constitutional monarchy
 •  1918 (de facto)-1940 Albert I
 •  1934-1940 (continued in exile) Leopold III
Prime Minister
 •  1918–1820 Léon Delacroix (first)
 •  1939–1940 (continued in exile) Hubert Pierlot (last)
Legislature Federal Parliament
 •  Upper house Senate
 •  Lower house Chamber of Representatives
 •  Armistice, withdrawal of German forces 11 November 1918
 •  Occupation by Nazi Germany 1940
Currency Belgian franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
General Governorate of Belgium
Belgium and Northern France
Today part of  Belgium
 Democratic Republic of Congo

Belgium during the interwar period refers to the period between the end of World War I in 1918 and the invasion and occupation of Belgium by Nazi Germany in World War II in 1940. Belgium was occupied by the Germans, except for a small area behind the Yser river, here king Albert I stayed at La Panne. Belgium regained its lost territories with the Armistice of 1918 and the withdrawal of German forces under Governor-general Ludwig Freiherr von Falkenhausen. Belgium received the territory of Eupen-Malmedy from Germany in the Treaty of Versailles and also received the colony of Ruanda-Urundi from the former German colonial empire.