Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Member stationVRT, RTBF
National selection events
Internal selection
  • 1964
  • 1965–1966 (artist)
  • 1969 (artist)
  • 1972 (artist)
  • 1974 (artist)
  • 1979 (artist)
  • 1985
  • 1990
  • 1991 (artist)
  • 2003
  • 2007
  • 2009–2010
  • 2012–2013 (artist)
  • 2015
  • 2017–2022
National final
  • De T.V. Maakt Muziek
  • 1957
  • Eurosong
  • 1956
  • 1958–1963
  • 1965–1966 (song)
  • 1967–1968
  • 1969 (song)
  • 1970–1971
  • 1972 (song)
  • 1973
  • 1974 (song)
  • 1975–1978
  • 1979 (song)
  • 1980–1984
  • 1986–1989
  • 1993
  • 1995
  • 1999
  • 2002–2008
  • 2012 (song)
  • 2014
  • 2016
  • Euro-Clouseau
  • 1991 (song)
  • Finale nationale Concours Eurovision de la Chanson
  • 1992
  • 1998
  • 2000
  • De gouden zeemeermin
  • 1996
  • Eurovision: Qui? À vous de choisir!
  • 2011
  • À vous de choisir la chanson!
  • 2013 (song)
Participation summary
Appearances63 (53 finals)
First appearance1956
Highest placement1st: 1986
Nul points1962, 1965
External links
Belgium's page at
Song contest current event.png For the most recent participation see
Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 2022

Belgium has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 63 times since making its debut as one of seven countries at the first contest in 1956. The only countries with more appearances are Germany (65), France (64) and the United Kingdom (64). Belgium have been absent only three times in total, in 1994, 1997 and 2001, due to low scores in the previous contests that relegated them from the contest. Belgium has won the contest once, in 1986.

In the first 20 years of the contest, Belgium's best result was Tonia's fourth place in 1966. In 1978, Jean Vallée achieved Belgium's first top three placement, when he was second. Sandra Kim became the first and to date only winner for Belgium in 1986, when she won as a 13-year-old in Bergen, performing the song "J'aime la vie". Belgium's only other top three result came in 2003, when the group Urban Trad finished second in Riga, losing out by only two points. Belgium has finished last in the contest eight times, most recently in 2000, and has twice received "nul points" (no points); in 1962 and 1965.

After the introduction of the semi-finals in 2004, Belgium failed to reach the final for five consecutive years (2005–09). Since 2010, Belgium has become more successful, qualifying for the final in seven out of twelve contests and placing in the top 10 four times, with Tom Dice sixth (2010), Loïc Nottet fourth (2015), Laura Tesoro tenth (2016), and Blanche fourth (2017).


Belgium has two national broadcasters of the contest, Dutch-speaking Flemish broadcaster Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep (VRT) and French-speaking Walloon broadcaster Radio télévision belge de la communauté française (RTBF). The two broadcasters rotate selection for the Eurovision Song Contest each year (from 2002 to the cancelled 2020 edition, VRT in the even-numbered years and RTBF in the odd-numbered years; until 1993 BRT/BRTN in the odd-numbered years and RTB/RTBF in the even-numbered years).

Contest history[edit]

Belgium has participated in Eurovision since the very first contest in 1956, however Tonia's fourth place at the 1966 contest remained the country's most notable achievement until Jean Vallée placed second in 1978. In the 80s, following good results for Stella (fourth in 1982) and Jacques Zegers (fifth in 1984), Belgium finished last for the sixth time in 1985. This was followed by Belgium's first and (as of 2022) only Eurovision victory in 1986, when Sandra Kim won with her song "J'aime la vie" in Bergen, Norway. Although the lyrics claimed she was 15 years old, she was actually only 13 which prompted runner-ups Switzerland to petition for her disqualification, to no avail.[a] By winning in 1986, Belgium became the last of the 7 Eurovision founding countries to win the contest, as Switzerland, the Netherlands, France, Luxembourg, Italy and Germany all had won at least once before. Belgium scored an absolute record at the time, with Kim earning a never-seen-before number of 176 points (that record remained until 1993, with Ireland scoring 187 points). With an average of 9.26 points per voting nation and 77.2% of the maximum possible score, as of 2022 Kim's record still ranks eighth among all Eurovision winners.

Belgium finished last for the seventh time at the 1993 contest, before achieving its only top ten result of the 90s decade at the 1998 contest in Birmingham, where Mélanie Cohl finished sixth. In the 2000s, Belgium experienced mixed fortunes: the country started the decade by finishing last for the eighth and (as of 2022) final time at the 2000 contest in Stockholm, before achieving its best result of the 21st century in 2003 when Urban Trad sang in an imaginary language and earned second place with 165 points, losing out to Turkey's Sertab Erener by just two points. The country then failed to qualify from the semi-finals for 5 consecutive contests from 2005 to 2009.

The 2010 entry for Belgium was Tom Dice, runner-up of the Belgian Flemish version of The X Factor in 2008. Dice finished first in his semi-final, allowing Belgium to participate in the final for the first time since 2004 and eventually finishing sixth overall, Belgium's best result since 2003 and the best result ever for a Flemish entrant (tied with 1959).[1] Belgium then experienced a mix of ups and downs for the remainder of the 2010s: while the country failed to qualify for the final on 5 occasions (in 2011, 2012, 2014, 2018 and 2019), Belgium qualified in 2013 (with Roberto Bellarosa placing 12th) before scoring a 3-year-streak in the top 10 thanks to Loïc Nottet (fourth in 2015), Laura Tesoro (tenth in 2016) and Blanche (fourth in 2017). Following two non-qualifications with Sennek (2018) and Eliot (2019), Belgium recorded two more qualifications with Hooverphonic (2021) and Jérémie Makiese (2022) both placing 19th.

Disparity between broadcasters[edit]

Belgium is a federal country divided into two major linguistic regions: Dutch-speaking Flanders in the north and French-speaking Wallonia in the south, each region having its own broadcaster (VRT in Flanders and RTBF in Wallonia). The broadcasters take turns to send the Belgian entry to Eurovision, and since as of 2021 Flemish VRT has been in charge on odd years while French-speaking RTBF has been in charge on even years.

There has been a significant difference in the results achieved by the broadcasters.[2] The French-speaking RTBF recorded Belgium's only Eurovision win in 1986, all of Belgium's ten top 5 placements, and eighteen out of Belgium's twenty-five top 10 placements. On the other hand, the Flemish VRT has only placed in the top 10 seven times, while scoring six out of Belgium's eight last-place finishes.[2] In the 1990s, the relegation rule was introduced, where the lowest-placed countries on the scoreboard were not invited the following year, to accommodate for the growing number of participating countries. Belgium was relegated three times, in 1994, 1997 and 2001; twice following a poor placing by a VRT act the previous year, and once after RTBF act Nathalie Sorce placed last in 2000.[2]

Since the introduction of semi-finals in 2004, the broadcasters have scored similarly in terms of qualification: RTBF qualified four times out of nine semi-finals, while VRT qualified three times out of eight semi-finals and broke Belgium's five-year non-qualification streak, with 2010 contestant Tom Dice qualifying Belgium for the first time.[3]

Participation overview[edit]

Table key
Second place
Third place
Last place
Entry selected but did not compete
Year Entrant Song Language Final Points Semi Points
Fud Leclerc "Messieurs les noyés de la Seine" [fr; nl] French [b] [b] No semi-finals
Mony Marc [fr; nl] "Le plus beau jour de ma vie" [fr; nl] French
Bobbejaan Schoepen "Straatdeuntje" [fr; nl] Dutch 8 5
Fud Leclerc "Ma petite chatte" [fr; nl] French 5 8
Bob Benny "Hou toch van mij" [fr; nl] Dutch 6 9
Fud Leclerc "Mon amour pour toi" [fr; nl] French 6 9
Bob Benny "September, gouden roos" [fr; nl] Dutch 15 ◁ 1
Fud Leclerc "Ton nom" [fr; nl] French 13 ◁ 0
Jacques Raymond "Waarom?" [fr; nl] Dutch 10 4
Robert Cogoi "Près de ma rivière" [fr; nl] French 10 2
Lize Marke "Als het weer lente is" [fr; nl] Dutch 15 ◁ 0
Tonia "Un peu de poivre, un peu de sel" [fr; nl] French 4 14
Louis Neefs "Ik heb zorgen" [fr; nl] Dutch 7 8
Claude Lombard "Quand tu reviendras" [fr; nl] French 7 8
Louis Neefs "Jennifer Jennings" [fr; nl] Dutch 7 10
Jean Vallée "Viens l'oublier" [fr; nl] French 8 5
Lily Castel and Jacques Raymond "Goeiemorgen, morgen" [fr; nl] Dutch 14 68
Serge and Christine Ghisoland "À la folie ou pas du tout" [fr] French 17 55
Nicole and Hugo "Baby, Baby" [fr; nl] Dutch 17 ◁ 58
Jacques Hustin "Fleur de liberté" [fr; nl] French 9 10
Ann Christy "Gelukkig zijn" [fr; nl] Dutch, English 15 17
Pierre Rapsat "Judy et Cie" [fr] French 8 68
Dream Express "A Million in One, Two, Three" [fr] English 7 69
Jean Vallée "L'amour ça fait chanter la vie" [fr; nl] French 2 125
Micha Marah "Hey Nana" [fr] Dutch 18 ◁ 5
Telex "Euro-Vision" French 17 14
Emly Starr "Samson" Dutch 13 40
Stella "Si tu aimes ma musique" French 4 96
Pas de Deux "Rendez-vous" Dutch 18 13
Jacques Zegers "Avanti la vie" French 5 70
Linda Lepomme "Laat me nu gaan" Dutch 19 ◁ 7
Sandra Kim "J'aime la vie" French 1 176
Liliane Saint-Pierre "Soldiers of Love" Dutch, English 11 56
Reynaert "Laissez briller le soleil" French 18 5
Ingeborg "Door de wind" Dutch 19 13
Philippe Lafontaine "Macédomienne" French 12 46
Clouseau "Geef het op" Dutch 16 23
Morgane "Nous, on veut des violons" French 20 11
Barbara Dex "Iemand als jij" Dutch 25 ◁ 3 Kvalifikacija za Millstreet
Frédéric Etherlinck "La voix est libre" French 20 8 No semi-finals
Lisa del Bo "Liefde is een kaartspel" Dutch 16 22 12 45
Mélanie Cohl "Dis oui" French 6 122[c] No semi-finals
Vanessa Chinitor "Like the Wind" English 12 38
Nathalie Sorce "Envie de vivre" French 24 ◁ 2
Sergio and the Ladies "Sister" English 13 33
Urban Trad "Sanomi" Imaginary 2 165
Xandee "1 Life" English 22 7 Top 11 previous year[d]
Nuno Resende "Le grand soir" French Failed to qualify 22 29
Kate Ryan "Je t'adore" English[e] 12 69
The KMG's "Love Power" English 26 14
Ishtar "O Julissi" Imaginary 17 16
Copycat "Copycat" English 17 1
Tom Dice "Me and My Guitar" English 6 143 1 167
Witloof Bay "With Love Baby" English Failed to qualify 11 53
Iris "Would You?" English 17 16
Roberto Bellarosa "Love Kills" English 12 71 5 75
Axel Hirsoux "Mother" English Failed to qualify 14 28
Loïc Nottet "Rhythm Inside" English 4 217 2 149
Laura Tesoro "What's the Pressure" English 10 181 3 274
Blanche "City Lights" English 4 363 4 165
Sennek "A Matter of Time" English Failed to qualify 12 91
Eliot "Wake Up" English 13 70
Hooverphonic "Release Me" English Contest cancelled[f] X
Hooverphonic "The Wrong Place" English 19 74 9 117
Jérémie Makiese "Miss You" English 19 64 8 151
Confirmed intention to participate [4]

Selection process[edit]

While VRT normally hosts a national final, Eurosong, when selecting their entries for Eurovision, RTBF usually holds an internal selection process (although it sometimes holds a national final, for example in 1998, 2005[5][6] and 2011, while VRT internally chose Tom Dice for the 2010 edition, Sennek for the 2018 edition and Hooverphonic for the 2020 and 2021 editions).

Year Selection process Broadcaster Ref.
1956 Internal selection INR
1957 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 3 songs
1958 National final INR
1959 National final with 2 participants NIR
1960 National final with 5 participants INR
1961 National final with 6 participants BRT
1962 National final with 5 participants RTB
1963 National final with 6 participants BRT
1964 Internal selection RTB
1965 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 6 songs
1966 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 4 songs
1967 National final with 7 participants BRT
1968 National final with 10 participants RTB
1969 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 6 songs
1970 National final with 4 participants RTB
1971 National final with 12 participants BRT
1972 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 10 songs
1973 National final with 10 participants BRT
1974 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 6 songs
1975 National final with 10 participants BRT
1976 National final with 5 participants RTB
1977 National final with 3 participants BRT
1978 National final with 8 participants RTBF
1979 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 3 songs
1980 National final with 7 participants RTBF
1981 National final with 10 participants BRT
1982 National final with 4 participants RTBF
1983 National final with 9 participants BRT
1984 National final with 10 participants RTBF
1985 Internal selection BRT
1986 National final with 9 participants RTBF
1987 National final with 11 participants BRT
1988 National final with 12 participants RTBF
1989 BRT
1990 Internal selection RTBF
1991 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 3 songs
1992 National final with 10 participants RTBF
1993 National final with 12 participants BRTN
1994 Did not participate
1995 National final with 10 participants RTBF
1996 National final with 12 participants BRTN
1997 Did not participate
1998 National final with 10 participants RTBF
1999 National final with 8 participants VRT
2000 National final with 10 participants RTBF
2001 Did not participate
2002 National final with 7 participants VRT
2003 Internal selection RTBF
2004 National final with 7 participants VRT
2005 National final with 2 participants RTBF
2006 National final with 7 participants VRT
2007 Internal selection RTBF
2008 National final with 5 participants VRT
2009 Internal selection RTBF
2010 VRT
2011 National final with 14 participants RTBF
2012 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 2 songs
2013 Artist: Internal selection
Song: National final with 3 songs
2014 National final with 6 participants VRT
2015 Internal selection RTBF
2016 National final with 5 participants VRT
2017 Internal selection RTBF
2018 VRT
2019 RTBF
2020 VRT
2021 VRT
2022 RTBF


Year Location Venue Presenter
1987 Brussels Centenary Palace Viktor Lazlo


Barbara Dex Award[edit]

Year Performer Host city Ref.
2000 Nathalie Sorce Sweden Stockholm

Related involvement[edit]


Year Conductor[g] Notes Ref.
1956 Léo Souris [10]
1957 Germany Willy Berking Host conductor
1958 Netherlands Dolf van der Linden
1959 Francis Bay
1960 Henri Segers
1961 Francis Bay
1962 Henri Segers
1963 Francis Bay
1964 Henri Segers
1965 Gaston Nuyts
1966 Luxembourg Jean Roderes Host conductor
1967 Francis Bay
1968 Henri Segers
1969 Francis Bay
1970 Jack Say [11]
1971 Francis Bay
1972 Henri Segers
1973 Francis Bay
1974 France Pierre Chiffre
1975 Francis Bay
1976 France Michel Bernholc
1977 United Kingdom Alyn Ainsworth
1978 France Jean Musy
1979 Francis Bay
1980 No conductor [12]
1981 Giuseppe Marchese
1982 Jack Say
1983 Freddy Sunder
1984 Jo Carlier
1985 Sweden Curt-Eric Holmquist Host conductor
1986 Jo Carlier
1987 Freddy Sunder [h]
1988 Daniel Willem
1989 Freddy Sunder
1990 Rony Brack
1991 Roland Verlooven
1992 Frank Fievez
1993 Bert Candries
1995 Alec Mansion
1996 Bob Porter
1998 No conductor

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Belgium has two public broadcast stations VRT (Dutch speaking region) and RTBF (French speaking region). Both broadcast the event and over the years VRT and RTBF commentary has been provided by several experienced radio and television presenters, including Nand Baert, Jacques Mercier, Luc Appermont and Paule Herreman. However, from the 1991 Contest, André Vermeulen has provided the Dutch language commentary every year, with the exception of the 1996 Contest. Jean-Pierre Hautier provided the French language commentary from the 1994 Contest until the 2012 contest, having died shortly after. In 1962, the BRT used the commentary from NTS (The Netherlands broadcast), possibly for financial reasons.

Since 1998, VRT has supplied an additional commentator to join André Vermeulen; between 1999 and 2010, dual commentary was provided by either Bart Peeters or Anja Daems. Peeters provided the commentary during the years when VRT selected the entries, whilst Daems commentated the years in which RTBF selected the entries. Since 2011, Sven Pichal has replaced Daems as commentator, whilst Peter Van de Veire has replaced Peeters. From 2007, Jean-Louis Lahaye joined Jean-Pierre Hautier as a supplementary commentator for RTBF. After Hautier's death in 2012, Lahaye was joined by Maureen Louys in 2013.

Year Flemish commentator French-speaking commentator Spokesperson Ref.
1956 Nand Baert Janine Lambotte No spokesperson
1957 Nic Bal Bert Leysen
1958 Arlette Vincent Paule Herreman
1959 Paule Herreman Bert Leysen
1960 Georges Désir Arlette Vincent
1961 Commentary via RTF France Ward Bogaert
1962 Commentary via NTS the Netherlands Nicole Védrès Arlette Vincent
1963 Herman Verelst, Denise Maes Pierre Delhasse Ward Bogaert
1964 Herman Verelst Paule Herreman André Hagon
1965 Ward Bogaert
1966 André Hagon
1967 Ward Bogaert
1968 André Hagon
1969 Jan Theys Ward Bogaert [13]
1970 André Hagon
1971 Herman Verelst No spokesperson
1974 Georges Désir André Hagon
1975 Jan Theys Paule Herreman Ward Bogaert
1976 Luc Appermont Georges Désir André Hagon
1977 Patrick Duhamel An Ploegaerts
1978 Claude Delacroix André Hagon
1979 Paule Herreman An Ploegaerts
1980 Jacques Mercier Jacques Olivier
1981 Walter De Meyere
1982 Jacques Olivier
1983 An Ploegaerts
1984 Jacques Olivier
1985 An Ploegaerts
1986 Patrick Duhamel Jacques Olivier
1987 Claude Delacroix An Ploegaerts
1988 Pierre Collard-Bovy Jacques Olivier
1989 Jacques Mercier An Ploegaerts
1990 Claude Delacroix Jacques Olivier
1991 André Vermeulen An Ploegaerts
1992 Jacques Olivier
1993 An Ploegaerts
1994 Jean-Pierre Hautier Did not participate
1995 Marie-Françoise Renson "Soda"
1996 Michel Follet, Johan Verstreken Jean-Pierre Hautier, Sandra Kim An Ploegaerts
1997 André Vermeulen Jean-Pierre Hautier Did not participate
1998 André Vermeulen, Andrea Croonenberghs Marie-Hélène Vanderborght
1999 André Vermeulen, Bart Peeters Sabine De Vos
2000 André Vermeulen, Anja Daems Thomas Van Hamme
2001 Did not participate
2002 André Vermeulen, Bart Peeters Geena Lisa
2003 André Vermeulen, Anja Daems Corinne Boulangier
2004 André Vermeulen, Bart Peeters Martine Prenen
2005 André Vermeulen, Anja Daems Armelle Gysen
2006 André Vermeulen, Bart Peeters Yasmine
2007 André Vermeulen, Anja Daems Jean-Pierre Hautier, Jean-Louis Lahaye Maureen Louys
2008 André Vermeulen, Bart Peeters Sandrine Van Handenhoven
2009 André Vermeulen, Anja Daems Maureen Louys
2010 André Vermeulen, Bart Peeters Katja Retsin
2011 André Vermeulen, Sven Pichal Maureen Louys
2012 André Vermeulen, Peter Van de Veire Peter Van de Veire
2013 André Vermeulen, Tom De Cock Maureen Louys, Jean-Louis Lahaye Barbara Louys
2014 Peter Van de Veire, Eva Daeleman Angelique Vlieghe
2015 Walid
2016 Peter Van de Veire Umesh Vangaver
2017 Fanny Gillard
2018 Danira Boukhriss
2019 David Jeanmotte
2021 Fanny Jandrain, Jean-Louis Lahaye Danira Boukhriss
2022 Maureen Louys, Jean-Louis Lahaye David Jeanmotte


See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ Since the 1990 contest, the minimum age for participation is 16 meaning Sandra Kim will remain the youngest winner ever (unless the age limit is lowered).
  2. ^ a b The 1956 contest had secret voting and, apart from the winner, no results were released.
  3. ^ Spain originally gave its 12 points to Israel and 10 to Norway. After the broadcast it was announced that Spanish broadcaster wrongly tallied the votes and Germany should have got the top mark - 12 points - instead of being snubbed, as it happened. The mistake was corrected and so Germany was placed 7th over Norway. Israel and Norway both received 2 points less than originally and Croatia, Malta, Portugal, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Belgium, Estonia and Turkey all received one point less than indicated during the broadcast.
  4. ^ According to the then-Eurovision rules, the top ten non-Big Four countries from the previous year along with the Big Four automatically qualified for the Grand Final without having to compete in semi-finals. For example, if Germany and France placed inside the top ten, the 11th and 12th spots were advanced to next year's Grand Final along with all countries ranked in the top ten.
  5. ^ Although the song is in English, the French title is repeated throughout the song.
  6. ^ The 2020 contest was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  7. ^ All conductors are of Belgian nationality unless otherwise noted.
  8. ^ The contest was organized by RTBF, but the Belgian entry was from VRT, hence Walloon Jo Carlier serving as musical director (and conducting for Cyprus) while a Flemish conductor led the Belgian entry.


  1. ^ "Eurovision 2010: complete televoting and jury results". 30 June 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Tielens, Filip (15 May 2021). "Waarom Vlaanderen telkens slecht scoort op het Eurovisiesongfestival". De Standaard. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Belgium".
  4. ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (4 July 2022). "Belgium: VRT confirms participation at Eurovision 2023". ESCToday. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Belgian National Final 1998". Archived from the original on 22 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
  6. ^ "Belgian National Final 2005". Archived from the original on 22 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
  7. ^ NWS, VRT (18 March 2020). "Door coronacrisis kan ook Songfestival niet doorgaan in 2020, Hooverphonic reageert: "wereldgezondheid gaat voor"". (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  8. ^ NWS, VRT (20 March 2020). "Hooverphonic neemt volgend jaar deel aan het Eurovisiesongfestival: "We hebben er nog altijd enorm veel zin in"". (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  9. ^ Adams, William Lee (9 July 2015). "Poll: Who was the worst dressed Barbara Dex Award winner?". Wiwibloggs. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  10. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 93–101. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
  11. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 142–168. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  12. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2016). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Vol. Three: The 1980s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
  13. ^ "De festival-herinneringen van Jan Theys". Story. 12 May 1987.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Granger, Anthony (20 May 2018). "EBU Wants to See More Commentators Attend the Eurovision Song Contest". Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  15. ^ "Peter Van de Veire: "Als ik een voetballer was, zou ik iedereen onderuit schoppen"". (in Dutch). 3 March 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  16. ^ Granger, Anthony (22 April 2018). "Belgium: Danira Boukhriss Terkessidis Revealed as Spokesperson". Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  17. ^ "Tweede halve finale van het Songfestival verhuist naar Ketnet". (in Dutch). 26 April 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  18. ^ Granger, Anthony (14 March 2019). "Belgium: Maureen Louys & Jean-Louis Lahaye Confirmed As Commentators For Tel Aviv". Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  19. ^ "Eurovision 2019 Spokespersons – Who will announce the points?". 18 May 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  20. ^ "TV-gids". éé
  21. ^ "Beleef het Eurovisiesongfestival bij de VRT". (in Flemish). 7 May 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  22. ^ "Eurovision 2021 : 3 soirées exceptionnelles à ne pas manquer sur la RTBF !".
  23. ^ "Jouw voorjaar bij Eén". (in Dutch). VRT. Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  24. ^ "Eurovision 2022 : Préparez-vous à voter pour votre candidat préféré !". RTBF (in French). Retrieved 7 April 2022.