Belknap Crater

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Belknap Crater
Belknap.jpg
Belknap shield volcano with lava flows in foreground
Highest point
Elevation 6,876 ft (2,096 m)  NAVD 88[1]
Coordinates 44°17′06″N 121°50′32″W / 44.284943458°N 121.842233094°W / 44.284943458; -121.842233094Coordinates: 44°17′06″N 121°50′32″W / 44.284943458°N 121.842233094°W / 44.284943458; -121.842233094[1]
Geography
Belknap Crater is located in Oregon
Belknap Crater
Belknap Crater
Linn County, Oregon, U.S.
Parent range Cascade Range
Topo map USGS Mount Washington
Geology
Mountain type Shield volcano
Volcanic arc Cascade Volcanic Arc
Last eruption 480 CE[2]

Belknap Crater is a shield volcano in the Cascade Range in the U.S. state of Oregon.[3]

Belknap volcano is a Holocene example of the process which built the High Cascade Platform during the Pleistocene. It is a small shield volcano with a capping cinder cone.[4]

A number of other eruptions also occurred in the general area during roughly the same time period. About 1,300 years ago (1,330 14C years B.P.) a series of small spatter cones formed between Belknap and Blue Lake. North of these, a phreatic explosion blasted out the crater which is today occupied by Blue Lake. To the south are several cinder cones and associated lava flows, including Collier, Four-in-One, and Yapoah cones. Four-in-One Cone has been dated at about 1,900 years old (1,980 14C years B.P.) while Collier is dated at about 1,500 years old (1,600 14C years B.P.)[4]

Little Belknap[edit]

A small crater east of Belknap Crater is Little Belknap. The trailhead is shared with Belknap crater located on the PCT fifteen miles west of sisters where highway 242 tops the McKenzie River Pass. The hike is a short 4.4 miles round trip passing through dusty Kīpukas and large lava fields with sharp softball sized pumice stones. The parking lot requires a Northwest Forest pass and is a regular stopping point for trail angels supplying treats and supplies for PCT through Hikers. Two miles into the hike the little Belknap trail veers up and to the east towards a small summit with a spectacular view of the Three Sisters and the McKenzie Pass lava flows. On the summit there is also a makeshift wind shelter and bench for weather protection.[citation needed]

Notable vents[edit]

Name[edit]

Elevation Coordinates
Belknap Crater[5] 6,876 ft (2,096 m) 44°17′06″N 121°50′32″W / 44.284943458°N 121.842233094°W / 44.284943458; -121.842233094[1]
Inaccessible Cones[6] 4,869 ft (1,484 m) 44°18′12″N 121°54′23″W / 44.30331°N 121.90649°W / 44.30331; -121.90649
Little Belknap[6] 6,306 ft (1,922 m) 44°16′57″N 121°49′34″W / 44.2826179°N 121.8261628°W / 44.2826179; -121.8261628[7]
South Belknap Cone[6] 5,863 ft (1,787 m) 44°16′03″N 121°50′42″W / 44.26751°N 121.84507°W / 44.26751; -121.84507
Twin Craters[6] 5,285 ft (1,611 m) 44°15′12″N 121°53′09″W / 44.2534523°N 121.8858860°W / 44.2534523; -121.8858860[8]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Forest Service.

Sources

External links[edit]