Moray Place, Dunedin
|Maintained by||Dunedin City Council|
|Location||central Dunedin, New Zealand|
|Anticlockwise end||Princes Street|
|Upper Stuart Street |
Lower Stuart Street
|Clockwise end||Princes Street|
Moray Place is an octagonal street which surrounds the city centre of Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand. The street is intersected by Stuart Street (to the east and west), Princes Street (to the south) and George Street (to the north). Like many streets in Dunedin, it is named for a street in the Scottish capital Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann itself is the Gaelic name of its Scottish sister city).
Location and layout
The northeastern quadrant between George Street and Lower Stuart Street is flat, but the other three quadrants slope considerably, especially the southeastern and northwestern quadrants.
Many of Dunedin's major inner city buildings are located on Moray Place. These include Dunedin Municipal Chambers, Dunedin Public Library, and the grounds of St. Paul's Anglican Cathedral, which lie within the northwestern quadrant between Moray Place and the City Centre (The Octagon).
The southwestern quadrant includes the former Dunedin Public Library building (the Carnegie Centre), the Fortune Theatre, and one of the city's main cinemas, the Rialto. This quadrant is regarded as part of the heart of Dunedin's art district, and contains several galleries, one of which is housed in the city's original synagogue.
The southeastern quadrant is dominated by First Church, which sits atop the remnants of Bell Hill, the top of which was lowered to allow for First Church's construction. Atahapara, the home and private museum of Thomas Hocken, was located in this quadrant of Moray Place at the top of the steep, historic Burlington Street. The offices of Taylormade Media were also located in this quadrant until the early 2000s.
The northeastern quadrant is part of Dunedin's central retail precinct.
The centre of Dunedin was first laid out by surveyor Charles Kettle during the 1840s. An initial obstacle to the development of the city was Bell Hill, a large outcrop situated where the southeastern quadrant of Moray Place now lies. This effectively split the early settlement of Dunedin in two, and for the first few years of settlement, a cutting through the hill was the only land route between the parts of the town to the north and south. The hill was quarried during the 1850s, providing building material for many of the city's early buildings.
Kettle's initial plan may have been for the entire area within Moray Place to be a public reserve. This did not come to pass, and it was only through Kettle's direct intervention that the central part of the Octagon itself was not built on. As it is, the buildings between Moray Place and The Octagon include many of Dunedin's most prominent structures, and - though it may not have been Kettle's original intention - the concentric octagons of Moray Place and The Octagon are now undeniably the city's centre.
In 1897, a fire station was built on Moray Place, located between the Municipal Chambers and St Paul's Cathedral. It was located here for accessibility to the city, but was moved just 14 years later in 1911 because the new motor engines used on the trucks woke residents and caused complaints as they went through the town on callouts. A larger building was also needed to house new equipment. The original building has long since been demolished and a car park now exists on that site.
Several buildings in Moray Place have Category I or Category II Historic Place classification by Heritage New Zealand. Clockwise from Princes Street, these include the Savoy Restaurant building (I), St James Theatre building (I), former Dunedin Synagogue (I), Moray Terrace (II), former Congregational Church (II), Carnegie Centre (former Public Library) (II), Gainsborough House (II), Fortune Theatre (I), Stephens Inks building (II), Security Building (II), and First Church (I).
In addition, Burlington Street, a short, steep street which leads off Moray Place next to First Church, and its environs are classified as a historic precinct, and both St. Paul's Cathedral and the Dunedin Municipal Chambers are Category I historic places with access off Moray Place.
- Smith, Charmian, "The anatomy of a city" Otago Daily Times, 4 Apr 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2014. Details of the excavation of Bell Hill.
- Reed, A.H. (1956) The story of early Dunedin. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.
- Knight, H., and Wales, N. (1988) Buildings of Dunedin. Dunedin: John McIndoe Ltd.
- Little, J.S. (1948) A century of fires and fire brigades in Dunedin. Dunedin: Coulls and Somerville Wilkie Ltd.
- "Savoy Restaurant (Former Haynes Building)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "St James Theatre Building". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Dunedin Synagogue (former)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Moray Terrace". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Moray Place Congregational Church (Former)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Dunedin Public Library (Former)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Gainsborough House". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Fortune Theatre". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Stephens Inks Building". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Security Building". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "First Church of Otago (Presbyterian)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Burlington Street Historic Area". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "St Paul's Cathedral and Belfry (Anglican)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- "Municipal Chambers". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand.
- The Octagon & Moray Place history Dunedin Council City