Bella ciao

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"Bella ciao"
Song
English title Goodbye Beautiful!
Composer Traditional
Lyricist Anonymous
Language Italian

"Bella ciao" is an Italian partisan song originated during the Italian civil war. It is used worldwide as a hymn of freedom and resistance.

History[edit]

The song "Bella ciao" was sung by the anti-fascist resistance movement active in Italy between 1943 and 1945.[citation needed] The author of the lyrics is unknown; the music and spirit of the song is based on a folk song sung by rice-weeders on the River Po basin in the early part of the 20th century – "Alla mattina appena alzata". A version of this song was recorded for music researchers by Italian folk singer Giovanna Daffini in 1962.[1] Other similar versions of the antecedents of "Bella ciao" appeared over the years, indicating that "Alla mattina appena alzata" must have been composed in the latter half of the 19th century.[2] The earliest written version is dated 1906 and comes from near Vercelli, Piedmont.[3]

International versions[edit]

In addition to the original Italian, the song has been recorded by various artists in many different languages, including Breton, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Danish, English, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Japanese, Persian, Kurdish, Norwegian, Russian, Serbian, Slovenian, Spanish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, and Ukrainian.[citation needed]

Recent use[edit]

As a hymn of freedom internationally known it was intoned still recently in many events: during the 2010 Student demonstrations against tuition fees in Parliament Square, London, during the 2011 movement Occupy Wall Street in New York, during 2013–14 protests in Turkey in Taksim Gezi Park, during the funeral of two victims in the Charlie Hebdo shooting in Paris (January 2015), in Greece 2015 political campaign of the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA)[12] and in Syria by the Kurds.[13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Recording made by musicologists Gianni Bosio and Roberto Leydi in 1962. Giovanna Daffini: "Alla mattina appena alzata", from the CD: Giovanna Daffini: L’amata genitrice (1991)
  2. ^ Bermani, Cesare (2003). "Guerra guerra ai palazzi e alle chiese". Odradek Edizioni. 
  3. ^ D. Massa, R. Palazzi and S. Vittone: Riseri d'al me coeur
  4. ^ Magomayev interview at "Russian Week", 2005.
  5. ^ "Bella Ciao - Muslim Magomaev". YouTube. 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  6. ^ "Dog Faced Hermans". Pyduc.com. 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  7. ^ "Çaw Bella". Ciwan Haco. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  8. ^ "Bandista". Tayfabandista.org. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  9. ^ [1] Archived 8 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Zupfgeigenhansel - Miteinander (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  11. ^ "Canzoni contro la guerra - Bella Ciao". Antiwarsongs.org. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  12. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AStrn7jDqtE
  13. ^ http://pstream.lastampa.it.dl1.ipercast.net/lastampa/2015/01/23/d37A1QUG.mp4
  14. ^ http://video.corriere.it/bella-ciao-tutte-lingue-mondo-cosi-canto-partigiani-diventato-global/24c02342-a38b-11e4-808e-442fa7f91611

External links[edit]