Bellator MMA: Season Eleven

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bellator MMA in 2014)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bellator MMA
Created byScott Coker
Country of originUnited States
Running time120 minutes
Original networkSpike TV
Original releaseSeptember 5 –
November 15, 2014
Preceded byBellator MMA: 2014 Summer Series
Followed byBellator MMA in 2015

Bellator MMA: Season Eleven is the eleventh season of Bellator MMA, a mixed martial arts promotion, which began on September 5, 2014. This was the last season of Bellator MMA; after this point the promotion switched to hosting monthly shows, abandoning their seasonal format.


In June 2014, Bellator MMA underwent significant change in their executive ranks. Founder and CEO Bjorn Rebney parted with the company.[1] Former Strikeforce founder Scott Coker was announced as the new President of Bellator MMA.[2]

Coker confirmed Bellator would retain the weekly event schedule for season 11 for the fall of 2014, beginning on Friday, September 5, 2014.[3]


Bellator 123[edit]

Bellator 123: Curran vs. Pitbull 2
DateSeptember 5, 2014
VenueMohegan Sun Arena
CityUncasville, Connecticut
Total gate$302,010

Bellator 123 took place on September 5, 2014 at the Mohegan Sun Arena in Uncasville, Connecticut. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


Bellator 123 was headlined by a Featherweight Championship rematch between Pat Curran and Patricio "Pitbull" Freire. The two originally met in a closely contested fight at Bellator 85 on January 17, 2013, with Curran winning the bout via split decision. The rematch was initially scheduled to take place at Bellator 121, however, it was announced on May 21, 2014 that Curran had pulled out of the bout due to a calf injury.[4]

This event marked the first time Bellator MMA and their rival the Ultimate Fighting Championship have had live shows go against each other. Additionally, both were held in the same state in venues located within miles of each other.[5]

In the night's co-main event former tournament champion, and former Strikforce champion, Muhammed Lawal was originally scheduled to face Tom DeBlass. However, on August 11, it was revealed DeBlass suffered a knee injury and was replaced by Marcus Sursa.[6] In turn, Sursa was also injured and Lawal faced Dustin Jacoby.


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Featherweight Patricio Freire def. Pat Curran (c) Decision (unanimous) (48-47, 49-46, 49-46) 5 5:00 [a]
Light Heavyweight Muhammed Lawal def. Dustin Jacoby TKO (punches) 2 1:13
Middleweight Tamdan McCrory def. Brennan Ward KO (punches) 1 0:21
Heavyweight Bobby Lashley def. Josh Burns Submission (rear-naked choke) 2 3:54
Heavyweight Cheick Kongo def. Lavar Johnson Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 3:27
Preliminary Card (
Middleweight Dan Cramer def. Perry Filkins Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Featherweight Scott Cleve def. Matt Bessette Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Heavyweight Josh Diekmann def. Mike Wessel KO (punches) 1 0:47
Bantamweight Steve Garcia def. Kin Moy Decision (split) (30-27, 29-28, 28-29) 3 5:00
Bantamweight Rico Disciullo def. Marvin Maldonado Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Light Heavyweight Mike Mucitelli def. Mark Griffin Submission (armbar) 1 0:37
Featherweight Pete Rogers Jr. def. Phillipe Martins KO (punches) 1 0:11
Bantamweight Blair Tugman def. Brandon Fleming Decision (unanimous) 3 5:00


Bellator 124[edit]

Bellator 124: Newton vs. Beltran
DateSeptember 12, 2014
VenueCompuware Arena
CityPlymouth Township, Michigan

Bellator 124 took place on September 12, 2014 at the Compuware Arena in Plymouth Township, Michigan. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


Bellator 124 was headlined by a Light Heavyweight Championship match between champion Emanuel Newton and Joey Beltran.[8]

The event also featured the Bellator 2014 Light Heavyweight Tournament Final between Liam McGeary and Kelly Anundson in the co-main event, to determine the next title challenger.[8]


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Light Heavyweight Emanuel Newton (c) def. Joey Beltran KO (spinning back fist) 3 3:07 [a]
Light Heavyweight Liam McGeary def. Kelly Anundson Submission (inverted triangle choke) 1 4:47 [b]
Bantamweight L.C. Davis def. Zeilton Rodrigues Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Catchweight (159 lbs) Ryan Couture def. Tom Bagnasco Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 3:01
Preliminary Card (
Lightweight Adrian Hadribeaj def. Michael Hamida Decision (split) (29-28, 28-29, 29-28) 3 5:00
Welterweight Sabah Homasi def. Eric Moon Submission (guillotine choke) 2 1:07
Bantamweight Michael Hernandez def. Thomas Vasquez Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Heavyweight LeRoy Johnson def. Adrian Henderson Decision (split) (28-29, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Lightweight Jason Fischer def. Tony Hervey Decision (unanimous) (30-26, 30-26, 30-26) 3 5:00
Bantamweight Eric Ramirez def. Cortez Phelia Submission (guillotine choke) 3 0:38
Middleweight Ben Reiter def. Shamir Garcia Decision (unanimous) 3 5:00
Lightweight Justin Jaynes def. Ruben Baraiac TKO (punches) 1 4:17
  1. ^ For the Bellator Light Heavyweight Championship
  2. ^ Bellator Light Heavyweight Tournament Final


Bellator 125[edit]

Bellator 125: Marshall vs. Manhoef
DateSeptember 19, 2014
VenueSave Mart Center
CityFresno, California

Bellator 125 took place on September 19, 2014 at the Save Mart Center in Fresno, California. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


Bellator 125 was headlined by a Middleweight match between former kickboxing champion and Bellator newcomer Melvin Manhoef facing former Bellator tournament winner, and former WEC champion, Doug Marshall.[9]

Four time Bellator tournament veteran Brian Rogers was originally scheduled to face former WEC champion James Irvin in the co-main event of this card. However, on September 1, it was revealed that Irvin was injured and Rogers would instead face season eight tournament finalist Brett Cooper.[10] Then, on September 9, it was announced that Cooper would have to pull out of the match due to a back injury; Rogers instead faced promotional newcomer Rafael Carvalho.[11]


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Middleweight Melvin Manhoef def. Doug Marshall KO (punch) 1 1:45
Middleweight Rafael Carvalho def. Brian Rogers TKO (punches) 1 3:06
Heavyweight Javy Ayala def. Raphael Butler Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 1:03
Catchweight (148 lbs) Goiti Yamauchi def. Martin Stapleton Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 4:37
Preliminary Card (
Featherweight Joe Neal def. Paul Ruiz Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Flyweight Matt Ramirez def. Oscar Ramirez Submission (armbar) 1 0:42
Welterweight Chris Honeycutt def. Aaron Wilkinson TKO (punches) 2 4:45
Featherweight Julio Cesar Neves def. Poppies Martinez TKO (punches) 1 2:16
Featherweight Jonny Bonilla-Bowman def. Art Becerra Decision (split) (28-29, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Welterweight Jesse Juarez def. Ron Keslar Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Middleweight George Zuniga def. Granson Clark TKO (punches) 1 0:34
Middleweight Nate James def. Anthony Ruiz Decision (split) 3 5:00


Bellator 126[edit]

Bellator 126: Shlemenko vs. Halsey
DateSeptember 26, 2014
VenueGrand Canyon University Arena
CityPhoenix, Arizona

Bellator 126 took place on September 26, 2014 at the Grand Canyon University Arena in Phoenix, Arizona. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


Bellator 126 was headlined by a Middleweight Championship bout between champion Alexander Shlemenko and Season 10 Middleweight Tournament winner Brandon Halsey.[12]

The card also featured the final bout of the Season 10 Lightweight Tournament between Patricky Freire and Marcin Held.[12]


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Middleweight Brandon Halsey def. Alexander Shlemenko (c) Technical submission (rear-naked choke) 1 0:35 [a]
Lightweight Marcin Held def. Patricky Freire Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 30-27, 30-26) 3 5:00 [b]
Featherweight Bubba Jenkins def. Thiago Meller Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Bantamweight Mike Richman def. Ed West KO (punches) 1 2:44
Preliminary Card (
Catchweight (160 lbs) LaRue Burley def. Raymond Pina Submission (guillotine choke) 2 0:22
Middleweight Clifford Starks def. Kobe Ortiz Technical submission (guillotine choke) 2 0:52
Heavyweight Nick Rossborough def. Ryan Martinez TKO (injury) 1 5:00 [c]
Bantamweight Joe Taimanglo def. Michael Parker Decision (unanimous) (30-26, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Heavyweight Dan Charles def. Stuart Austin KO (punch) 3 0:18
Lightweight Derek Campos def. Estevan Payan KO (punch) 1 0:31
Lightweight Brandon Girtz def. Benny Madrid TKO (punches) 1 0:57
  1. ^ For the Bellator Middleweight Championship
  2. ^ Bellator Lightweight Tournament Final
  3. ^ Doctor stopped the fight between rounds due to Martinez's torn bicep.


Bellator 127[edit]

Bellator 127: Straus vs. Wilcox
DateOctober 3, 2014
VenuePechanga Resort & Casino
CityTemecula, California

Bellator 127 took place on October 3, 2014 at the Pechanga Resort & Casino in Temecula, California. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


The event was headlined by featherweight match between former Bellator Featherweight Champion Daniel Mason-Straus and season nine tournament finalist Justin Wilcox.

The co-main event was supposed to feature a Welterweight bout between former Dream welterweight champion Marius Zaromskis and former WEC champion Karo Parisyan. However, on September 24 it was announced that Fernando Gonzalez replaced Marius Zaromskis due to an undisclosed injury. Fernando's original opponent Justin Baesman faced newcomer John Mercurio.[13]


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Featherweight Daniel Mason-Straus def. Justin Wilcox KO (punches) 1 0:50
Catchweight (173 lbs) Fernando Gonzalez def. Karo Parisyan TKO (punches) 1 1:43
Catchweight (138 lbs) Rafael Silva def. Rob Emerson Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Middleweight Kendall Grove def. Christian M'Pumbu Submission (rear-naked choke) 2 4:14
Preliminary Card (
Light Heavyweight Ray Sloan def. Nick Moghaddam Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Lightweight Saad Awad def. Sergio Rios Decision (unanimous) (30-26, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Middleweight Keith Berry vs. Joe Pacheco No Contest 3 5:00 [a]
Light Heavyweight Rameau Thierry Sokoudjou def. Malik Merad TKO (elbows) 2 4:04
Catchweight (177 lbs) Ricky Rainey def. Johnny Cisneros TKO (knee & strikes) 1 3:18
Welterweight Justin Baesman def. John Mercurio Decision (split) (28-29, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Bantamweight Shawn Bunch def. David Duran TKO (strikes) 1
  1. ^ Originally a split decision win for Berry; overturned after failing a drug test.


Bellator 128[edit]

Bellator 128: Dantas vs. Warren
DateOctober 10, 2014
VenueWinstar World Casino
CityThackerville, Oklahoma

Bellator 128 took place on October 10, 2014 at the Winstar World Casino in Thackerville, Oklahoma. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


Bellator 128 was headlined by a Bellator Bantamweight Championship fight between champion Eduardo Dantas and interim champion Joe Warren.

A Lightweight contest between Alexander Sarnavskiy and John Gunderson was scheduled to take place on this card. However, due to Gunderson pulling out of the bout and retiring, Derek Campos stepped in as a replacement.[14] Campos suffered an injury and was forced out of the fight, Sarnavskiy faced promotional newcomer Dakota Cochrane.[15]


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Bantamweight Joe Warren (ic) def. Eduardo Dantas (c) Decision (unanimous) (48-47, 48-47, 48-47) 5 5:00 [a]
Welterweight Michael Page def. Nah-Shon Burrell Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Catchweight (160 lbs) Alexander Sarnavskiy def. Dakota Cochrane Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 2:32
Middleweight Emiliano Sordi def. Bubba McDaniel Submission (guillotine choke) 1 0:58
Preliminary Card (
Welterweight Cortez Coleman def. William Florentino Decision (unanimous) 3 5:00
Middleweight Jason Butcher def. Andreas Michailidis TKO (punches) 2 0:28 [b]
Featherweight Emmanuel Sanchez def. Stephen Banaszak Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 2:18 [c]
Featherweight John Teixeira def. Scott Cleve Decision (split) 3 5:00
Lightweight J.C. Cottrell def. Jonathan Gary Submission (guillotine choke) 2 3:30
Flyweight Brenden Seyler def. Demario Cade Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 1:25
Featherweight Cody Walker def. Treston Thomison KO (head kick) 2 4:59
Lightweight Jason Sampson def. Danny Sykora Decision (unanimous) 3 5:00
  1. ^ For the Bellator Bantamweight Championship
  2. ^ This fight aired on Spike TV after Alexander Sarnavskiy vs. Dakota Cochrane.
  3. ^ This fight aired on Spike TV after Michael Page vs. Nah-Shon Burrell.

Bellator 129[edit]

Bellator 129: Neer vs. Bradley
DateOctober 17, 2014
VenueMid-America Center
CityCouncil Bluffs, Iowa

Bellator 129 took place on October 17, 2014 at the Mid-America Center in Council Bluffs, Iowa. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


Bellator 129 was headlined by a Welterweight fight between Iowa natives and UFC Vets Josh Neer and Paul Bradley.

In the co-main event Houston Alexander was expected to face Pride FC vet James Thompson in a Heavyweight bout. However, on October 10, 2014, it was announced that Thompson was pulled from the fight due to injury.[16] Alexander instead faced Virgil Zwicker.[17]


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Welterweight Paul Bradley def. Josh Neer Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Catchweight (215 lbs) Houston Alexander vs. Virgil Zwicker Draw (majority) (29-28, 28-28, 28-28) 3 5:00 [a]
Welterweight André Santos def. James Terry Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Middleweight Joe Vedepo def. Davin Clark TKO (punches) 3 2:27
Preliminary Card (
Catchweight (139 lbs) John DeVall def. Chris Lane Submission (triangle choke) 1 4:40
Catchweight (150 lbs) Eric Howser def. Tim Bazer TKO (elbows) 1 4:11
Catchweight (150 lbs) Martin Brown def. Bryan Corley KO (punches) 2 0:42
Catchweight (168 lbs) Jozette Cotton def. Holly Lawson Decision (unanimous) 3 5:00
Middleweight Anthony Smith def. Brian Green Decision (unanimous) 3 5:00
Catchweight (177 lbs) Victor Moreno def. Marcos Marquez Decision (unanimous) 3 5:00
Catchweight (158 lbs) Michael McBride def. Kevin Morris Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 4:32
  1. ^ Alexander was docked a point in the third round for a head-butt.

Bellator 2014 Monster Energy Cup[edit]

Bellator 2014 Monster Energy Cup
DateOctober 18, 2014
VenueSam Boyd Stadium
CityWhitney, Nevada

The Bellator 2014 Monster Energy Cup took place on October 18, 2014 at the Sam Boyd Stadium in Whitney, Nevada.


On October 15, 2014, Bellator announced that during the Monster Energy Cup series three fights will take place during the "Party in the Pits" pre-race festivities.[18]


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Heavyweight Dan Charles def. James Wilson Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Lightweight Adrian Hadribeaj def. A.J. Williams Decision (split) (28-29, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Bantamweight Gustavo Lopez def. Sean Cantor Submission (rear naked choke) 1 4:39

Bellator 130[edit]

Bellator 130: Newton vs. Vassell
DateOctober 24, 2014
VenueKansas Star Arena
CityMulvane, Kansas

Bellator 130: Newton vs. Vassel took place on October 24, 2014 at the Kansas Star Arena in Mulvane, Kansas. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


Bellator 130 was headlined by a Light Heavyweight Championship fight between Emanuel Newton and Linton Vassell.


Fight card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Light Heavyweight Emanuel Newton (c) def. Linton Vassell Submission (rear-naked choke) 5 0:47 [a]
Heavyweight Bobby Lashley def. Karl Etherington Submission (punches) 1 1:31
Women's Featherweight Marloes Coenen def. Annalisa Bucci Submission (rear-naked choke) 3 0:57
Lightweight Dave Jansen def. Rick Hawn Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Preliminary Card (
Lightweight David Rickels def. Davi Ramos Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Featherweight Ricky Musgrave def. Joe Wilk TKO (punches & elbows) 1 2:45
Featherweight Marcio Navarro def. Cody Carrillo Submission (punches) 3 2:09
Heavyweight Daniel Gallemore def. Gzim Selmani TKO (punches) 2 4:33
Middleweight Sam Oropeza def. Gary Tapusoa TKO (punches) 1 2:31
Featherweight Darrion Caldwell def. Anthony Dizy Decision (unanimous) (30-27, 30-27, 30-27) 3 5:00
Lightweight Aaron Derrow def. Nate Jolly Decision (unanimous) (29-28, 29-28, 29-28) 3 5:00
Heavyweight Alex Huddleston def. Derek Bohi TKO (punches) 1 4:04

Bellator 131[edit]

Bellator 131: Ortiz vs. Bonnar
DateNovember 15, 2014
VenueValley View Casino Center
CitySan Diego, California
Total gate$407,259

Bellator 131 took place on November 15, 2014 at the Valley View Casino Center in San Diego, California. The event aired live in prime time on Spike TV.


The event was announced during the Bellator Season 11 debut on September 5, 2014. It served as the season finale.

Bellator President Scott Coker announced the main event would feature a grudge match between two former top UFC light heavyweights with Tito Ortiz taking on the newly signed Stephan Bonnar.[19]

Additionally, it was announced that the co-main event would be a rematch between current interim lightweight champion Will Brooks and former undisputed champion Michael Chandler, for the vacant world title.[19]

Muhammed Lawal was originally scheduled to face Tom DeBlass on this card. However, on November 1, it was announced that DeBlass had suffered a cut during training and had to withdraw from the bout.[20] Lawal instead faced Joe Vedepo.

This event was the highest rated in Bellator's history, garnering an average viewership of 1.2 million television viewers in the U.S. with a peak of over 2 million viewers in the main event.[21]


Main card
Weight class Method Round Time Notes
Light Heavyweight Tito Ortiz def. Stephan Bonnar Decision (split) (30-27, 28-29, 30-27) 3 5:00
Lightweight Will Brooks (ic) def. Michael Chandler TKO (punches) 4 3:48 [a]
Middleweight Joe Schilling def. Melvin Manhoef KO (punch) 2 0:32
Catchweight (143 lbs) Mike Richman def. Nam Phan TKO (punches) 1 0:46
Light Heavyweight Muhammed Lawal def. Joe Vedepo TKO (punches) 3 0:39
Preliminary Card (
Middleweight A.J. Matthews def. Kyle Bolt TKO (punches) 1 1:39
Flyweight Jonathan Santa Maria def. Ron Henderson Decision (split) (29-28, 28-29, 30-27) 3 5:00
Featherweight Jordan Bailey def. Alex Higley Submission (rear-naked choke) 1 3:27
Flyweight Nick Garcia def. Matthew Ramirez Submission (guillotine choke) 2 0:56
Welterweight Andy Murad def. Bubba Pugh Decision (split) (29-28, 28-29, 29-28) 3 5:00
Bantamweight Rolando Perez vs. Mark Vorgeas Split Draw (29-27, 26-30, 28-28) 3 5:00
Lightweight Joao Faria def. Ian Butler Submission (head and arm choke) 3 1:58



  1. ^ Stupp, Dann. "Bellator announces departure of executives Bjorn Rebney and Tim Danaher". MMA Junkie. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Former Strikeforce head Scott Coker named Bellator MMA president". MMA Junkie. 2014-06-18. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
  3. ^ "Bellator Sticking With Weekly Format for Fall Season". 2014-07-17. Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
  4. ^ Guilherme Cruz (2014-05-21). "Pat Curran injured, out of Bellator 121 title fight with 'Pitbull' Freire". Retrieved 2014-05-21.
  5. ^ "Showdown! UFC Fight Night 50 and Bellator 123 go head-to-head on Sept. 5 in Connecticut". 2014-07-23. Retrieved 2014-05-31.
  6. ^ Dann Stupp (2014-08-11). "'King Mo' now expected to fight replacement Marcus Sursa at Bellator 123". Retrieved 2014-08-11.
  7. ^ "Bellator 123 Fight Card". Retrieved 2014-07-16.
  8. ^ a b c Staff (2014-08-05). "Newton vs. Beltran Title Bout Set for Bellator 124 Sept. 12". Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-05.
  9. ^ a b Staff (2014-08-12). "Sluggers Melvin Manhoef and Doug Marshall headline Bellator 125". Retrieved 2014-08-12.
  10. ^ Staff (2014-09-01). "James Irvin Injured, Brian Rogers Now Faces Brett Cooper at Bellator 125". Retrieved 2014-09-01.
  11. ^ C.J. Tuttle (2014-09-09). "Brett Cooper Suffers Back Injury Brian Rogers to Fight Rafael Carvalho at Bellator 125". Retrieved 2014-09-09.
  12. ^ a b c Guilherme Cruz (2014-08-13). "Alexander Shlemenko defends middleweight title at Bellator 126". Retrieved 2014-08-13.
  13. ^ a b CJ Tuttle (2014-08-21). "Source: Karo Parisyan Will Fight Marius Zaromskis at Bellator 127 on Oct. 3". Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  14. ^ "53-fight veteran John Gunderson withdraws from Bellator 128, retires from MMA". September 30, 2014.
  15. ^ "Dakota Cochrane replaces Derek Campos, meets Alexander Sarnavskiy on Friday at Bellator 128". October 7, 2014.
  16. ^ "James Thompson out of Bellator 129 fight with Houston Alexander due to injury".
  17. ^ "James Thompson out, Virgil Zwicker in against Houston Alexander at Bellator 129". October 12, 2014.
  18. ^ "Bellator MMA To Hold 3 Fights at 2014 MONSTER ENERGY CUP SUPERCROSS RACE".
  19. ^ a b c Staff (2014-09-06). "Will Brooks vs. Michael Chandler co-headlines 'Bellator 131: Tito vs. Bonnar'". Retrieved 2014-09-06.
  20. ^ Staff (2014-11-02). "Nasty cut forces Tom DeBlass out of 'King Mo' fight at Bellator 131". Retrieved 2014-11-01.
  21. ^ Staff (2014-11-18). "Spike TV: 'Bellator 131: Tito vs. Bonnar' peaks with 2 million viewers". Retrieved 2014-11-18.

External links[edit]