Belle (Beauty and the Beast)
|Beauty and the Beast character|
Belle as she appears in Disney's Beauty and the Beast.
|First appearance||Beauty and the Beast (1991)|
|Created by||Linda Woolverton|
|Based on||Beauty from the Gabrielle-Suzanne de Villeneuve's fairy tale|
Belle is a fictional character who appears in Walt Disney Pictures' animated feature film Beauty and the Beast (1991). Originally voiced by American actress and singer Paige O'Hara, Belle is the non-conforming daughter of an inventor who yearns to abandon her predictable village life in return for adventure. When her father Maurice is imprisoned by a cold-hearted beast, Belle offers him her own freedom in exchange for her father's, and eventually learns to love the Beast despite his unsightly outward appearance.
Walt Disney Studios chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg commissioned Beauty and the Beast as an animated musical with a strong heroine and hired first-time screenwriter Linda Woolverton to write it. Basing her on the heroine of Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont's fairy tale "Beauty and the Beast", Woolverton adapted Belle into a stronger and less passive character for the film. Inspired by the women's rights movement, Woolverton wanted Belle to be a unique Disney heroine different from The Little Mermaid's popular Ariel, and thus deliberately conceived the character as a feminist in an effort to avoid the criticism Disney had long been receiving due to the studio's reputation of depicting its female characters as victims.
Belle's strength and love of reading was inspired by American actress Katharine Hepburn's performance as Jo March in the film Little Women (1933), while the writers instilled the adventure-seeking heroine with goals and aspirations beyond romance. However, the story artists and animators often contested Woolverton's liberated vision for the character. Animated by James Baxter and Mark Henn, the former of whom based the character's graceful gait on those of impressionist Edgar Degas' ballerinas, Belle's European facial features were inspired by those of British actresses Vivien Leigh and Audrey Hepburn. Several additional Hollywood actresses inspired Belle's appearance, including Natalie Wood, Elizabeth Taylor, and Grace Kelly.
Belle has garnered widespread acclaim from film critics who appreciated the character's bravery, intelligence and independence. Reception towards her feminism, however, has been more mixed, with commentators accusing the character's actions of being romance-oriented. The fifth Disney Princess, Belle is often ranked among the franchise's best. Highly regarded as one of Disney's strongest examples of a feminist character, critics agree that Belle helped spearhead a generation of independent film heroines while changing the reputation of a Disney princess. Also one of Disney's most iconic characters, Belle was the only animated heroine nominated for the American Film Institute's greatest heroes in film ranking. The character also appears in the film's several sequels and spin-offs, as well as her own live-action television series. American actress Susan Egan originated the role of Belle in the Broadway musical adaptation of the film, for which she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical. Emma Watson plays a live-action version of the character in a 2017 live action adaptation of the original 1991 film.
- 1 Development
- 2 Characterization and themes
- 3 Appearances
- 4 Reception
- 5 Impact and legacy
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Conception and writing
After the success of Walt Disney Productions' first feature-length animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), filmmaker Walt Disney himself made several attempts to adapt the fairy tale "Beauty and the Beast" by Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont into one of the studio's earliest animated feature films during the 1930s and 1950s. However, the project was continuously abandoned due to the fairy tale's "static" plot and main characters. The filmmaker was also concerned about the "unnecessary intensity" required to depict Belle's imprisonment. Inspired by the unprecedented success of The Little Mermaid (1989), Walt Disney Studios chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg green-lit another attempt at adapting "Beauty and the Beast" under the direction of Richard Purdum. However, Katzenberg did not approve of Purdum's dark, somber version of the fairy tale, and ultimately ordered that it be restarted from scratch in favor of creating a Broadway-style musical film starring a strong heroine, more similar to The Little Mermaid. Opting instead for a "feminist twist" on the original story, Katzenberg hired television writer Linda Woolverton, who had never written an animated film before, to write the film's screenplay.
Before Beauty and the Beast, Disney's tradition of depicting female characters as victims had already long been established. The fact that Belle was hardly depicted as a feminist in earlier versions of the film became a point of contention among the filmmakers. Despite the fact that Disney wanted Beauty and the Beast to resemble an old-fashioned film, the filmmakers envisioned Belle as "a woman that was ahead of her time". As the first woman in the history of Disney to write a feature-length animated film, Woolverton decided to explore Belle as an opportunity to create a female character who would ultimately be better received than Disney's previous animated heroines, specifically Ariel from The Little Mermaid. Woolverton was aware that the task would be particularly challenging due to the previous character's popularity, but fought relentlessly to make sure that she was creating "a new kind of Disney heroine." Inspired by the women's rights movement Woolverton herself had experienced during the 1960s and 1970s, the screenwriter was determined to avoid creating another "insipid" Disney princess and decided to conceive Belle as a headstrong feminist. Woolverton strongly believed that contemporary audiences would not identify with Belle unless she was updated appropriately, and thus evolved the character into "a woman of the '90s". The screenwriter refused to watch Jean Cocteau's 1946 film adaptation of the fairy tale and chose to base Belle on American actress Katharine Hepburn's portrayal of Jo March in the 1933 film adaptation of Louisa May Alcott's book Little Women instead, who she felt was "a real depiction of womanhood." Similarly, story artist Brenda Chapman drew influence from Hepburn's on-screen bickering with actor Spencer Tracy during the scene in which Belle tends to the Beast's wounds.
Animator Mark Henn observed that, unlike Ariel, Belle does not "fall in love at first sight"; instead "there's an actual relationship you see grow". In the original fairy tale, Belle has two selfish sisters who both have their own respective love interests, all of whom Woolverton omitted from the screenplay in favor of focusing solely on Belle's relationship with Gaston. At one point, Belle had a younger sister named Clarice and a cruel aunt named Marguerite, both of whom were discarded – Clarice to emphasize Belle's loneliness, and Marguerite to be replaced by Gaston as the film's villain. Woolverton also eliminated the subplot of Belle asking her father for a rose. Despite constant "regressive" re-writes, Woolverton's overall vision for Belle generally remained intact. Beauty and the Beast's story department was predominantly male, a time during which few women were involved. Woolverton often found herself at odds and disagreeing with the more traditional story artists in regards to Belle's role in the film, but continued to be supported by Katzenberg and lyricist Howard Ashman.
According to Woolverton, the story team challenged nearly every line of dialogue Woolverton suggested for the character. On one occasion, the story artists re-wrote what Woolverton had originally scripted as Belle using a map to indicate places to where she would like to travel to the character baking a cake. Arguing that the liberated Belle would not even know how to bake, Woolverton decided to compromise by having the character read a book instead, which was similarly debated because some filmmakers considered reading to be too passive an activity. To resolve this, Woolverton scripted Belle walk while reading, an activity in which Woolverton herself partook as a child. In Beaumont's fairy tale, Belle is essentially forced to replace her father as the Beast's prisoner. To make the character more independent, Woolverton re-wrote her so that she willingly ventures into the woods in search of her father, bravely confronts the Beast and ultimately trades her own freedom in return for Maurice's instead. During Gaston's climactic fight with the Beast, the character's line "Time to die!" was changed to "Belle is mine!" in order to return the focus of the story to Belle.
Disney had originally considered casting actress Jodi Benson, who famously voiced Ariel in The Little Mermaid, as Belle, but ultimately felt that she sounded "too American" and young, opting for a "more classical ... womanly" voice instead. Describing the character as "a woman that was ahead of her time," the filmmakers wanted Belle to sound "more like a woman than a girl." However, Benson voiced Belle in a few episodes of Disney's House of Mouse. Director Kirk Wise was particularly interested in casting an actress capable of "creat[ing] a character completely with her voice", envisioning a voice similar to that of American entertainer Judy Garland. American actress and singer Paige O'Hara was performing on Broadway when she first read about Disney's then-upcoming animated project Beauty and the Beast in an article in The New York Times. Upon discovering that the studio was holding auditions for the lead role of Belle and, at the behest of lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken, specifically recruiting Broadway performers, O'Hara immediately insisted that her agent get her an audition. Familiar with O'Hara's Broadway stint as Ellie May Chipley in the musical Show Boat; Ashman had already been eyeing O'Hara for the part. O'Hara auditioned for the role five times, competing against approximately 500 other actresses. First auditioning solely for casting director Albert Taveres, O'Hara's next two auditions simply required the actress to mail audio recordings of her voice to the studio in Los Angeles. Required to perform a song of her choice, O'Hara sang "Heaven Help My Heart" from the musical Chess. At her first legitimate audition, O'Hara spoke and sang in a higher register than her own in an effort to mimic Snow White from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, but the filmmakers insisted that she use her own voice instead. In addition to Ashman and Menken, O'Hara's last few auditions were attended by directors Wise and Gary Trousdale, and producers Katzenberg and Don Hahn. O'Hara recalled that the songwriters would first close their eyes and listen to her before finally watching her perform. An hour after her fifth and final audition, O'Hara received a telephone call from Disney on her birthday informing her that she had been cast. The actress was fairly confident that the role was hers before she was officially cast, and credits the fact that Ashman enjoyed her performance on the cast recording of the musical Show Boat. O'Hara admitted, "I'm not usually confident about auditions ... but I just understood (Belle) so much."
30 years-old at the time of her audition, O'Hara consequently imbued Belle's voice with a mature, "womanly quality" despite the character's young age. Woolverton appreciated the fact that O'Hara sounded more mature than traditional Disney heroines. Additionally, O'Hara identified with her character because they were both ostracized by their peers throughout their childhood because of their unconventional interests, explaining, "I was odd growing up myself. I mean, I was into musical theater and Gershwin and Rodgers and Hammerstein while people were going to Led Zeppelin concerts. So I understood that ... I wasn't the norm either. I was very focused on my career, on my performing all through my childhood and my teens ... I had a one-track mind, and I think that Belle was like that a lot." O'Hara also shares Belle's interest in reading. Wise was pleased with the quality of O'Hara's voice, which reminded him of Garland. O'Hara initially found it challenging to control her speaking volume due to having been trained to project as a stage actress. O'Hara told The Guardian that to solve this she "softened and used the microphone." As per the filmmakers' encouragement, the actress would occasionally ad-lib her own dialogue, none was included in the final film because it sounded "too modern". The animators would videotape O'Hara daily while she recorded to incorporate her "quirky" mannerisms, expressions and gestures into the character, among them her hair constantly falling into her eyes. O'Hara and American actor Robby Benson, who provides the voice of the Beast, asked Disney to allow the co-stars to record together as opposed to the traditional method of being isolated in a recording booth, to which the studio agreed despite its costliness. O'Hara credited the filmmaker's decision with developing both the film and Belle and the Beast's relationship. O'Hara and Benson became the first Disney voice actors to record together. In total, the recording process took over two years to complete. O'Hara had already been friends with co-star Richard White, who voices Gaston, for 15 years. Despite her successful stage career, O'Hara was virtually unknown to Hollywood audiences when she was cast in Beauty and the Beast; she was one of the last obscure actresses to be cast in a feature-length Disney animated film before the studio began casting better known talent in subsequent animated projects.
Since the November 1991 release of Beauty and the Beast, O'Hara has returned to The Walt Disney Company on several occasions to voice Belle in a variety of media and merchandise, including its direct-to-video sequels Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas (1997), Belle's Magical World (1998) and Belle's Tales of Friendship (1999), as well as various video game releases such as the Kingdom Hearts series and several audio and video recordings associated with the Disney Princess franchise. Additionally, O'Hara was hired by Disney to perform the song "Belle" at the 64th Academy Awards in 1992. O'Hara has referred to the studio as her "main employer for 20 years". In 2011, O'Hara was officially replaced by actress Julie Nathanson, who first voiced Belle in the video game Kinect Disneyland Adventures (2011). O'Hara revealed to the Las Vegas Review-Journal that news of the replacement greatly upset her to the point of which she was willing to re-record much of Belle's dialogue in an attempt to prove to the company that she is still capable of voicing the character. However, O'Hara eventually admitted that she found the process quite difficult as a result of the way in which her voice has changed over the course of 20 years. In July 2017, it was announced that O'Hara would return as the voice of Belle in the 2018 film Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2.
According to producer Don Hahn, Beaumont's Belle is an "incredibly passive" character, the personality of whom he likened to those of Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella, as well as American actress and animal rights activist Doris Day, describing them as women who are "capable, but filling a role that women might fill in the 1950s and 1960s.” The filmmakers painstakingly reworked Belle into a more three-dimensional character by providing her with goals and aspirations beyond romance and marriage, while expanding her passive role into that of a more inquisitive heroine. Determined to have Belle resemble "an unusual Disney heroine," Woolverton deliberately molded her into an independent character who is not a princess, enjoys books and has little interest in marriage, and worked closely with Ashman to create a proactive heroine "who was a thinker and a reader and she wasn’t about what she looked like and she wasn’t a victim." Although Belle being well-read is mentioned in the original fairy tale, it is hardly important to its plot. Thus, Belle's passion for reading was vastly expanded upon, borrowing from both the Little Woman character Jo March and Woolverton's own love of reading to further demonstrate the character's intelligence and open mind. Both Woolverton and O'Hara encouraged the filmmakers to emphasize the intelligent and book-loving aspects of Belle's personality. However, at times the animators struggled to fulfill Woolverton's vision. Originally, Belle was depicted constantly crying throughout her imprisonment; Woolverton resented this, arguing that the character was much more likely to be either searching for an escape or simply "be intrigued that she was living in an enchanted castle" than crying. "Once everybody realized she wasn’t going to be this typical Disney female, they would go to the extreme ... She became bitchy"; the screenwriter argued that Belle would be "too smart" to act this way. A few years older than The Little Mermaid's Ariel, Belles' love of reading makes the character more worldly and mature than her predecessor. Belle is believed by Henn to be "probably" the oldest of Disney's princesses, at 20 years of age.
Design and animation
Beauty and the Beast became the first animated film to fully credit each animator responsible for animating a specific character during the film's closing credits. Belle's supervising animators were James Baxter and Mark Henn. Belle was Henn's second Disney heroine, after he had previously contributed to animating Ariel. Henn was specifically assigned certain scenes to animate from the studio's Florida division, namely the character exploring the West Wing, the scene in which Belle tends to the Beast's wounds, and the "Something There" musical sequence.[self-published source] Having since animated Jasmine in Aladdin (1992), Mulan in Mulan (1998) and Tiana in The Princess and the Frog (2009), Henn has established himself "as the go-to man behind many Disney princesses."
To demonstrate that the character is not perfect, Woolverton described "a little wisp of hair that keeps falling in her face," which was the only direction she used to describe Belle's physical appearance. Wanting Belle to be significantly different and more European in appearance than Ariel, the animators drew her with fuller lips, narrower eyes and darker eyebrows, which were inspired by the facial features of British actresses Vivien Leigh and Audrey Hepburn. More statuesque than most Disney princesses, Belle's appearance was inspired by that of American actress Jennie Garth. The animators also used photographs of Hollywood actresses Natalie Wood, Elizabeth Taylor and Grace Kelly for reference. Baxter studied the art of French impressionist Edgar Degas, a painter known for his portraits of ballerinas, whose work inspired the animator to incorporate "graceful, swan-like movements" into Belle's performance.
Belle's yellow ballgown was inspired by a similar costume Hepburn had worn in the film Roman Holiday (1953). Hahn and a team of male filmmakers designed the ballgown while consuming pizza and alcohol. Originally, the marketing department ordered that Belles' dress be pink to cater to the female audience, but art director Brian McEntee convinced studio to make the dress gold in order to make her to distinguish her from other Disney Princess, specifically Aurora's from Sleeping Beauty (1950). Art director Brian McEntee suggested that Belle be the only character in her village to wear blue in order emphasize the fact that she is different and an outcast. The colors Belle wears also mimic her emotions, blue being associated with sadness and loneliness. Blue was also used to symbolize good, while Gaston's red represented evil. According to the Directory of World Cinema: American Hollywood by Lincoln Geraghty, Belle was inspired by actress Judy Garland's role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939) and Julie Andrews' performance as Maria von Trapp in The Sound of Music (1965).
Actress and model Sherri Stoner served as the performance model for Belle, providing live-action reference for the animators as they drew the character. Belle's tendency to constantly brush her hair away from her face was also inspired by both Stoner and O'Hara. "I was constantly doing that and little quirky things that they would catch," O'Hara told The Guardian. The animators also incorporated O'Hara's eyes, cheekbones and the way in which she raises her eyebrow into Belle's face. O'Hara felt that Belle originally looked "too perfect," likening the character's appearance to actresses Elizabeth Taylor and Angelina Jolie. Writing for the Los Angeles Times, Charles Solomon observed inconsistencies in Belle's appearance, writing, "The prettiest and liveliest Belle waltzes with Beast in his marble ballroom and weeps over his body before he's transformed into the Prince" while "The Belle who receives the library from Beast has wider-set eyes and a more prominent mouth than the noticeably slimmer Belle who sings 'Something There'".
Characterization and themes
Woolverton created Belle as part of "her self-directed mandate to move women and girls forward." The Express-Times described the character as an intelligent young woman who "sings songs about reading and wanting to gain knowledge, rather than falling in love." Woolverton credits Belle's knowledge and love of books with providing the character with a "point of view of her life and that doesn't necessarily involve a man getting her there." One of the film's main themes, Belle is considered an outsider because her love of reading provides her with knowledge of the outside world as opposed to her "narrow-minded" village peers. Writing for Wired.com, Matt Blum dubbed Belle "the geekiest heroine of any Disney animated film", exemplified by an opening number that demonstrates just how much she does not fit in with her peers due to her intelligence and active imagination. Similarly, Boxoffice's Amy Nicholson coined the character "Disney's Smartest Heroine," while Rob Burch of The Hollywood News observed that the character "comes across as arrogant at times" because she "spends much of the first act complaining." In her book Sex, Love and Abuse: Discourses on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, author Sharon Hayes described Belle as "the quintessential beautiful young ingenue." Comparing Belle's personality to that of the princess in the Brothers Grimm's fairy tale "The Frog Prince", The Meanings of "Beauty and the Beast": A Handbook author Jerry Griswold described the character as a similarly "feisty and outspoken" heroine. Writing for St. Francis Xavier University, Dawn Elizabeth England observed that Belle possesses equally as many traditionally feminine as she does masculine traits, citing her bravery, independence and assertiveness as masculine, and her sensitivity and fearfulness as feminine. According to Hard Bodies: Hollywood Masculinity in the Reagan Era author Susan Jeffords, "Belle's credentials as heroine are established ... when she is the only one of the town's single women not to swoon over Gaston," while the character's love of reading is essentially manipulated "to mark her as better than the rest of the townspeople." Writing for The Statesman, David O'Connor cited Belle's intelligence and bibliophilia as "in stark opposition to the insensitive and significantly dim-witted Gaston." Critics continue to debate over whether Belle or the Beast is the film's protagonist. Susan Jeffords, author of Hard Bodies: Hollywood Masculinity in the Reagan Era, felt that although Belle appears to be the protagonist in Beaumont's original fairy tale, the character becomes "less the focus of the narrative" in Disney's adaptation and more of a "mechanism for solving the Beast's 'dilemma'." In her article "The Tangled Evolution of the Disney Princess", Noelle Buffam felt that Belle arrived just in time when Disney's heroines were "in a dire need for some change," awarding her "the red stamp of approval" for her intelligence and spirit.
Analyzing ways in which Disney's heroines have evolved overtime due to "the approach to the characterization of the princesses chang[ing]" as the characters gradually transformed from passive young women into heroines who "had ambitions and desires aside from finding true love," critics often divide the Disney Princesses into three separate categories and rank Belle among the middle of the timeline, with Kit Steinkellner of HelloGiggles observing that the character improved upon "the Disney princess archetype" by simultaneously serving as both a "dreamer" and a "doer" in her film, as opposed to exclusively the former. Film historian Paula Sigman Lowery explained to the Daily Express that Belle's personality is a combination of Ariel's spirit and burgeoning independence, and Pocahontas' maturity, while Belle is "a little older [than Ariel] and a little further along in their journey towards independence." About.com's David Nusair believes that Belle belongs to a category of Disney Princesses known as "The Lady Vanishes," in which the heroines, in spite of being brave, outspoken and independent, nonetheless "are forced to behave passively as others help them achieve their respective goals." Michelle Munro, writing for Durham College of Applied Arts and Technology, felt that even though Belle shares several traits with her more passive predecessors, the character introduced "new possibilities for princesses." Girls in Capes wrote that Belle pioneered a generation of princesses who taught "about ambition, self-discovery and the pursuit of what we want." Additionally, Belle remains Disney's first and only princess to have hazel eyes.
Film and television
Belle debuted in Beauty and the Beast (1991) as a beautiful bibliophile who, although praised by her fellow villagers for her unrivaled beauty, is at the same time ridiculed for her intelligence and non-conformity. Having grown weary of her uneventful provincial life, in which she is relentlessly romantically pursued by an arrogant hunter named Gaston, Belle longs for adventure. After her father's horse returns without its rider, she willingly ventures into the woods in search of her father. She persuades the Beast that she will trade her own freedom in return for her father's, since her father is ill in the dungeon, promising to remain with the Beast in his castle among his staff of enchanted objects forever. Belle's curiosity leads her to the forbidden west wing where she discovers an enchanted rose without realizing that it is tied to the Beast's fate; and the Beast's rage at her trespassing causes her to flee the castle on horseback. Belle is pursued by wolves in the woods but they are driven off by the Beast, afterwards Belle helps the injured Beast back to the castle and nurses him back to health. Although she initially dislikes her captor, Belle gradually learns to accept the Beast in spite of his appearance and eventually befriends him. Belle and the Beast's strong bond greatly envies Gaston to the point of which he storms the castle and mortally wounds the Beast, though Gaston falls to his own death in the process. However, Belle confesses her love for the Beast just in time to break the spell under which he had been placed by an enchantress as punishment for his selfish ways, and the Beast ultimately transforms back into a handsome prince.
In Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas (1997), Belle attempts to reignite the castle's waning spirit by reintroducing and celebrating Christmas, in spite of the Beast's strong resentment towards the holiday. Meanwhile, a solemn pipe organ named Forte grows determined to sabotage Belle and the Beast's burgeoning friendship because he longs to maintain his co-dependent relationship with his master. Tricked by Forte into retrieving a large Christmas tree from a frozen pond, Belle nearly drowns, only to be rescued by the Beast. The Beast, however, having been misinformed by Forte, wrongly accuses Belle of trying to escape again, and locks her in the dungeon as punishment. When the Beast finally discovers the truth, they forgive each other, and Belle helps him thwart Forte's plan to destroy the castle. Beauty and the Beast: Belle's Magical World (1998), depicts Belle as she interacts with both the Beast and his enchanted servants in various segments, exploring themes such as forgiveness, friendship, cooperation and respect.
In Belle's Tales of Friendship (1999), a spin-off of the film series, Belle owns a bookstore in which she teaches valuable lessons to children by reading and retelling well-known stories and fairy tales, narrating four classic Disney animated shorts: The Three Little Pigs (1933), Peter and the Wolf (1946), The Wise Little Hen (1934) and Morris the Midget Moose (1950). For the first time, Belle appears as both animated and live-action versions of herself, voiced and portrayed by actresses Paige O'Hara and Lyndsey McLeod, respectively. In the television series Sing Me a Story with Belle (1995–1999), Belle, in a role reprised by McLeod, owns her own music and bookshop, where she is visited by children to whom she tells and sings stories.
Belle appeared in the animated television series Disney's House of Mouse and its direct-to-video films Mickey's Magical Christmas: Snowed in at the House of Mouse and Mickey's House of Villains. In the television series, Belle is voiced by American actress and singer Jodi Benson, while O'Hara reprises her role in the film.
A live-action version of Belle appears as a main character in the ABC television series Once Upon a Time, where she serves as the love interest of Rumplestiltskin (who is the show's version of the Beast). She is portrayed by Australian actress Emilie de Ravin. Another live-action version of the character appeared in the 2015 television film Descendants, where she was played by Keegan Connor Tracy and serves as the Queen of the United States of Auradon. The series Sofia the First included a cameo by Belle in a 2013 episode. British actress Amy Jackson who portrayed as Belle opposite Indian actor Vikram, who being portrayed as Beast for sequences in a dreamy song "Ennodu Nee Irundhal" in the 2015 Tamil language romantic thriller "I". The original prosthetic make-up for the characters were provided by Sean Foot (Shaun) and Davina Lamont and additional works were done by National Film Award winners—Christien Tinsley and Dominie Till.
Beauty and the Beast (2017 live action film)
In January 2015, Emma Watson announced that she would be portraying Belle in a live-action version of the film, which was released in 2017. Beauty and the Beast was the first of the Disney remakes in which an A-list actress portrays a Disney princess. As a feminist and model, Watson suggested several changes to the character in the live-action film. For costume design Watson rejected the traditional "big princess dress" and corset for the golden gown as that would have reduced her mobility, with the gown seen as crucial for marketing the film, while for the village scenes she requested boots instead of ballet slippers to give the character more ruggednes. Nonetheless Belle's attire in the live-action remake largely stays true to its animated predecessor.
Thanks to Watson's influence, Belle is not only a bookworm but also an inventor like her father - she uses her inventions for everyday chores such as laundry, which in turn provides her with time to pursue her passion for reading. It is also revealed that Belle's mother died of a disease plague during Belle's infancy, consequently Maurice is somewhat overprotective of Belle and does not allow her to leave the village. For instance, Maurice creates "music boxes playing tunes from faraway places, in a bid to sate her thirst for exploration", as he is unwilling to let Belle be adventurous due to her mother's death, although Belle harbors no hard feelings about this. Watson's portrayal of Belle won her the MTV Movie Award for Best Performance at the 2017 MTV Movie & TV Awards and the Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actress – Sci-Fi/Fantasy at the 2017 Teen Choice Awards. She also received nominations for the Empire Award for Best Actress, the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Award for "Favorite Movie Actress" and the Saturn Award for Best Actress.
Belle appeared in the Broadway musical adaptation of Beauty and the Beast. The role was originated by actress Susan Egan, who was initially reluctant to audition for Beauty and the Beast because she "thought it was a terrible idea for Disney to put a cartoon on Broadway." However, her agent managed to convince her otherwise, and Egan ultimately turned down callbacks for roles in the musicals My Fair Lady, Carousel and Grease in favor of starring as Belle in Beauty and the Beast because she had always wanted to originate a Broadway role. Egan had never watched Beauty and the Beast prior to her audition, relying solely on "her own creative instincts" instead. Egan's performance earned her a Tony Award nomination for Best Actress in a Musical at the 48th Tony Awards. A total of seventeen actresses have portrayed Belle in the Broadway musical, among them recording artists Debbie Gibson and Toni Braxton, The Sopranos' Jamie-Lynn Sigler, and Disney Channel alumnae Christy Carlson Romano and Anneliese van der Pol, the latter of whom became Broadway's final Belle when the show ended its thirteen-year-long run in 2007. Actress Sarah Litzsinger remains Broadway's longest-running Belle.
A best-selling R&B singer, Braxton made her Broadway debut when she was cast as Belle in 1998, turning down actress Halle Berry's role in the film Why Do Fools Fall In Love (1998). Braxton's desire to pursue an acting career stemmed from a series of conflicts with the singer's record label at the time, in turn making her the only African American to portray Belle in the show's history. Belle's ballad "A Change in Me" was written by songwriters Alan Menken and Tim Rice specifically for Braxton. However, the song was ultimately so well-received that it has been included in the musical ever since. During her tenure as Belle, Braxton was stalked by an "obsessed fan." The stalker had reportedly "bombarded" Braxton with threatening e-mails and letters. Several measures were taken to ensure the singer's safety, including forcing Braxton to dress in full disguise when traveling to and from the theatre in addition to reducing her total number of weekly performances from eight to seven. The stalker was eventually arrested and charged with "aggravated harassment."
Belle along with Beast and Chip appeared at the 64th Academy Awards as presenters for Best Animated Short Feature. She also makes a brief cameo appearance in Disney's 34th animated feature film The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) during the "Out There" musical sequence.
Belle was also the main character in various comic books based on the film, including one set during Belle's stay at the castle published by Marvel Comics, and a prequel set several years before the film distributed by Disney Comics. In the former, the storylines generally have the servants trying to coax Belle into doing something with the Beast, only for it to backfire and nearly ruin their friendship before they make up. In the latter serial, Belle ends up locked up in a cellar by village children after reluctantly playing pirates with them, and later nearly goes down the path leading to Beast's castle. The latter serial also implies that she holds misandric views and refuses to associate herself with the village children, especially the males, due to their not being as well-versed in literature as she.
Belle and the other characters from the first movie appear in the stage show, Beauty and the Beast Live on Stage at Disney's Hollywood Studios, Walt Disney World. Belle appears in a meet-and-greet attraction at Magic Kingdom's Fantasyland called Enchanted Tales with Belle. In season 18 of Dancing With the Stars, Danica McKellar played Belle while performing a Quickstep on a Disney themed episode. Ginger Zee and Edyta Śliwińska also both portrayed Belle while performing a Foxtrot and Waltz respectively during the Disney night episode of the 22nd season of Dancing with the Stars. Emma Slater then played Belle while dancing a Foxtrot during the Disney theme night of the show's 24th season.
Belle, alongside other Disney Princesses, is set to cameo in the film Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2, as was announced at the 2017 D23 Expo, with Paige O'Hara returning to the role after seven years.
Belle has garnered widespread acclaim from film critics, several of whom voiced their preference for the character over her predecessor, Ariel from The Little Mermaid. Hal Hinson of The Washington Post described Belle as a "compelling" character who is "more mature, more womanly and less blandly asexual" than Ariel, as well as "a more worldly girl", describing her as "a bookworm, with gumption and a mind of her own." Similarly comparing Belle to Ariel, John Hartl of The Seattle Times wrote that, in Beauty and the Beast, "there's rarely a sense of deja vu, perhaps because the heroine is so different from 'Mermaid's' dependent Ariel, and her dilemma is more poignant," while Boxoffice scribed, "Undoubtedly in response to criticism that the cute little 'Mermaid' Ariel was nothing more than a precocious sexpot, the idea-people behind this beauty—aptly named Belle ... chose to make her an icon of self-reliance and a voracious reader with a curiosity and love for everything around her." Jennie Punter of The Globe and Mail extolled Belle as a "smart, courageous ... 'take-charge kind of gal'," while crowning her the "main attraction of Beauty and the Beast." Emma Cochrane of Empire hailed Belle as "a feminist heroine who [is] more rounded than previous Disney characters", while Paste's Annlee Ellingson similarly enjoyed the character's "feminist kick." Stephen Hunter of The Baltimore Sun wrote that "Belle ... is no passive fairy tale princess, but a real live girl, with a spunky personality and her own private agenda." TV Guide wrote that "The familiar narrative is strengthened by the independent, self-assured character of Belle," concluding, "Unlike Disney heroines from Snow White through Ariel, Belle is smart, knows what she wants, and doesn't spend her time pining away for the love of a handsome prince." Marc Bernardin of Entertainment Weekly praised Belle's heroism, dubbing her "the hero" of Beauty and the Beast, while Entertainment Weekly's Christian Blauvelt opined, "Unlike previous Disney heroines who needed to be rescued by a prince themselves, Belle not only saves the Beast's life, she saves his soul." TLC's Vicki Arkoff received Belle as a "smart" and "sharp-tongued" heroine, crediting the character for "break[ing] Disney's passive-princess mold." About.com's David Nusair described Belle as an "admirable" heroine. AllMovie's Don Kaye and Perry Seibert echoed each other's reviews of the character, with Kaye describing both Belle and the Beast as "three-dimensional ... complex individuals who defy stereotyping and change over the course of the story," and Seibert calling Belle a "strong female character" who "sidesteps most of the clichés surrounding Disney heroines." Common Sense Media hailed Belle as "one of Disney's smartest, most independent heroines."
Meanwhile, Belle's relationship with the Beast has also been met with positive reviews. About.com's David Nusair wrote that "the palpable chemistry between Belle and The Beast ensur[es] that Beauty and the Beast lives up to its reputation as one of the most memorable romances of all time." Describing it as an "unconventional romance," Charles Solomon of the Los Angeles Times opined, "The idea of a young woman learning to love a gentle heart hidden beneath a baleful exterior represented a major break with tradition." Likewise, critics enjoyed O'Hara's performance. According to Variety, Belle was "magnificently voiced by O’Hara." The Star-Ledger's Stephen Whitty enjoyed O'Hara's "pretty soprano." John Hartl of The Seattle Times wrote, "O'Hara does a spirited job of investing the character with warmth, intuition and maturity," while the Sun-Sentinel's Candice Russel felt that O'Hara "does a good job of creating Belle as intellectual, wisely feminine and disarmed by the stirrings of her heart." According to the Young Writers Society, Belle remains the best-reviewed Disney Princess to-date.
One of the character's few negative reviews was written by Ethan Alter of Television Without Pity, who opined:
[T]he movie ... present[ed] audiences with a willful female protagonist that was firmly in control of her romantic destiny and regularly placed reading books above chasing after boys. And it's true that in that respect at least, Belle stood in stark contrast to past Disney heroines ... Still, the filmmakers didn't do the character any favors by swapping out that boy crazy trait for a pronounced maternalistic streak that comes across as a little creepy. Besides being utterly devoted to her father, Belle's relationship with the Beast possesses a distinctly mother/toddler dynamic ... Their romance also lacks spark because – due to the fundamental set-up of the narrative ... it's always clear that he needs her far more than she needs him. Particularly when compared to some of the dynamic animated heroines that came after her ... today Belle can't help but seem ... bland.
Jezebel determined that Belle "is often held up as the standard of the 'feminist' Disney princess." According to Tales, Then and Now: More Folktales as Literary Fictions for Young Adults author Anna E. Altmann, Disney heavily promoted Beauty and the Beast as "a feminist fairy tale" due to Belle's characterization and role in the film. In his book Hearing a Film, Seeing a Sermon: Preaching and Popular Movies, author Timothy B. Cargal agreed that the character indicated "Disney's ... continued efforts to reshape their heroines for a more feminist age." According to Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia author Claudia Mitchell, Belle's feminism was influenced by third-wave feminism and the relatively new concept of girl power during the 1990s. Feminist critics have been generally mixed in their analyses of Belle, arguing over whether or not the character is in fact "feminist enough." Although Beauty and the Beast was initially lauded upon release for starring a "forward thinking and feminist" heroine, critics tend to agree that, in spite of Belle's independence and resentment towards Gaston, Beauty and the Beast essentially remains a romance about a girl who finally "meets her ideal man." Acknowledging that Belle "represented significant change from [her] sweet, mop-wielding predecessors," Twilight and History author Nancy Reagin observed that "the end result of fulfillment through marriage has been maintained." Kathleen Maher of The Austin Chronicle cited Belle as an example of "pseudo-feminism" because she rejects one man, Gaston, in favor of another, a prince. While commending Belle for "seeing past the beast's appearance," Judith Welikala of The Independent in the end accused the character of "melting back into the role of wife when he turns back into a handsome prince." Fairy Tale author Andrew Teverson referred to Belle as Disney's attempt to address "feminist criticism of its representation of women in earlier films," but ultimately criticized the character's curiosity for "extend[ing] only to romance," additionally accusing her of being "a zealous individualist with a pathological hostility to common men and women." Meanwhile, Stylist ranked Belle among the most feminist Disney characters, describing her as an "incredibly intelligent" woman who "doesn't stand for a man who considers her as just a piece of meat ... she wants someone who loves her for her mind too." Acknowledging the character's "feminist longings," Daniel Eagen, author of America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry, cited Belle as Disney's "modern-day corrective to Snow White." Beyond Adaptation: Essays on Radical Transformations of Original Works author Phyllis Frus wrote that, initially, Beauty and the Beast does not seem "remotely feminist." However, the author did acknowledge Belle as "an appealing character with a noticeable feminist streak," but in the end criticized Disney's Consumer Products of reversing what the film had nearly accomplished by inducting the character into the Disney Princess franchise. In Refinery29's "Definitive Ranking Of Disney Princesses As Feminist Role Models," author Vanessa Golembewski ranked the character eighth but described her personality and ambitions as "confusing." Complex's Tara Aquino described Belle as "a kinda feminist ... who's well-read, self-sufficient, and with standards high enough that she doesn't fall for the town's brain-dead pretty boy."
Commentators have generally reacted more cynically towards Belle's relationship with the film's male characters, particularly the Beast, questioning its morality. Writing for the University of Central Florida, Faith Dickens felt that after Belle's introduction, the character becomes little more than "a vehicle for exploring the Beast's dilemmas," while her initial pining for adventure is replaced by romance. Dickens went on to criticize the fact that while Belle appears to be "perfect the way she is," the Beast "need[s] to be reformed." Anna E. Altmann, author of Tales, Then and Now: More Folktales as Literary Fictions for Young Adults, disliked the fact that Belle appears to share a motherly relationship with both the Beast and Maurice. Altman also panned the fact that Belle's interest in reading appears to be limited to fairy tales, ultimately dismissing the character as little more than "a feisty North American version of" Beaumont's heroine. Orange Coast writer Henry A. Giroux felt that Belle serves as little more than "a prop for resolving the Beast's problems." Sonia Saraiya of Nerve ranked Belle the sixth most feminist Disney Princess, writing that, unlike Ariel, "Belle's sass doesn't come from teenage rebellion, but rather from intellectual acuity." Saraiya commended Belle for resisting "her village's expectations of what her life should look like," crediting her with being "the first princess to express some skepticism about married life." While calling Belle's sacrifice "brave," the author also labeled it "not much of a step for womankind," in the end accusing her of falling "for a domineering man." Similarly, Kit Steinkellner of HelloGiggles expressed concern over the "abusive undercurrents running through Belle and Beast’s relationship." Meanwhile, Bustle's Mary Grace Garis also commended Belle's aspirations and love of reading, but criticized her relationship with the Beast, concluding, "Though the ’90s showed a move toward princesses wanting to buck conventions and free themselves from their fathers (or the town misogynist) the endgame is the still the same, elaborating, "When the movie ends, they’re still solidly with a man, their dreams of adventure abandoned. Therefore, the Disney renaissance is characterized more by theoretical want of adventure rather than a genuine pursuit."
Impact and legacy
Deemed an "iconoclast" by Boxoffice, Belle continues to garner strong recognition for her role in Beauty and the Beast. Established as a cultural icon, the character holds the distinction of being Disney's first feminist princess. Commentators believe that the character's role in Beauty and the Beast as one of Disney's first strong female characters is responsible for changing the way in which women would be depicted in subsequent animated films. According to Kevin Fallon of The Daily Beast, before Belle "being a Disney princess meant singing songs about how much you love combing your hair with a fork and giving away your voice if it meant you got to marry the guy with that dreamy chiseled jaw". The Los Angeles Times' Charles Solomon considers Belle to be among four Disney Princesses responsible for breaking "the bonds of convention." About.com's David Nusair agreed that Belle successfully "updated the princess formula for an entirely new generation." The Atlantic's Lindsay Lowe echoed Nusair's sentiment, citing Belle as the character responsible for ending Disney's "history of ... docile heroines." The Daily Campus' Cathy Schmidt recognized Belle and Ariel as "the beginnings of the more modern Disney princesses." Writing for Virgin Media, Limara Salt believes that the character "proved that audiences could fall in love with a brown-haired intellectual." A survey conducted by Disney after the film's release determined that Belle's love of books inspired young women to read. Justin Humphreys of The Hook expressed, "Belle remains a most successful princess because people can relate" to her. Elina Bolokhova of Parenting believes that Belle's "bravery and independence helped redefine the meaning of a Disney princess." According to Justine McGrath of Teen Vogue, Belle has "become one of the most popular classic Disney princesses of all time." Commending her intelligence and lack of vanity, the character was placed at number one on E!'s ranking of the Disney Princesses, while Cosmopolitan ranked her fourth. In the magazine's "Definitive Ranking Of Disney Princesses", Seventeen ranked Belle fifth. Similarly, BuzzFeed also ranked the character fifth, praising her love of reading. A reader poll conducted by BuzzFeed also determined that Belle is the most popular Disney Princess, having garnered 18% of votes. Belle is the fifth most successful Disney Princess in terms of box office revenue, with Beauty and the Beast having grossed over $350 million. However, Belle was the lowest-selling Disney Princess on eBay in 2013, with sales of less than $7,000 despite the fact that she is often cited as a customer favorite.
|“||As Disney heroines go, Belle was an iconoclast. Her strong-willed, independent personality feels invigorating in a medium where most damsels are in distress. That was definitely true 20 years ago when Beauty was released, and it's still half-true today.||”|
|— Boxoffice's Todd Gilchrist explaining the way in which Belle altered Disney heroines for the 20th and 21st centuries.|
Belle is considered to be among Disney's most beloved animated heroines. According to Scott Huver of People, the character's "popularity remains a force to be reckoned with" even 25 years after the film's release. Belle was the only animated heroine nominated for the American Film Institute's greatest heroes in film ranking; only eight women were included on the final list. CNN ranked Belle among "Merida and other animated heroines", a list recognizing some of Disney's greatest heroines. According to the Daily Mirror, Belle is Disney's second most iconic character, behind only Mickey and Minnie Mouse, describing her as a "portrait of bravery, teaching us to look beyond appearances and stand up for what we believe in." Meanwhile, PopMatters ranked Belle Disney's second best hero. Considered to be both a sex symbol and fashion icon, Belle has garnered accolades for both her appearance and costumes. The character was ranked 64th on UGO's list of the most attractive female cartoon characters, while being ranked 14th on Complex's "25 Hottest Cartoon Women of All Time". E! ranked Belle the second best-dressed Disney Princess, crowning her "the most couture of all the Disney princesses." Author Emily Popp went on to praise the character's ballgown for being "off the Oscar de la Renta runway," while Vogue included it among the "Most Famous Dresses", with author Sarah Karmali dubbing it "One of the most instantly recognizable dresses in Disney history." Revered as iconic, the dress is currently among the most famous in film history 25 years after its debut. Belle appeared on BuzzFeed's "Definitive Ranking Of 72 Disney Princess Outfits" four times, ranking the character's green, blue, pink and yellow dresses 51st, 37th, 31st and 15th, respectively. Similarly, Belle's blue, pink, yellow and green costumes were ranked 18th, 10th, ninth and fourth by Official Disney Blogs, whose author believes that the character's ballgown "went down in the history books." Belle appeared on Stylist's list of the "Best beauty looks in Disney" twice, both for the character's hairstyles. Entertainment Weekly ranked Belle's hair fifth in the magazine's "Disney Princesses: Ranking Their Hairdos – and Don'ts!"
Belle helped establish Woolverton as a "legendary screenwriter"; the writer continues to be commended for her dedication to creating strong female characters; ever since Belle, the majority of Woolverton's female characters have been headstrong, independent women, namely Nala in The Lion King (1994), Mulan in Mulan (1998), Alice in Alice in Wonderland (2010) and Maleficent in Maleficent (2014). Susan Wloszczyna of Indiewire wrote that "Woolverton set a new standard for fully fleshed-out fairy-tale heroines ... with Belle", in turn paving the way for The Hunger Games' Katniss Everdeen, and Frozen's Anna and Elsa (2013). Woolverton remains protective of Belle, explaining, "[she] was my first-born child, so there’s a little bit of possessiveness, which really I had to let it go". Beauty and the Beast, Belle performs the film's opening number, "Belle", which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song at the 64th Academy Awards in 1992. In 1998, O'Hara was nominated for an Annie Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Female Performer in an Animated Feature Production for reprising her role as Belle in the second of Beauty and the Beast's three direct-to-video sequels, Belle's Magical World. To commemorate her work on Beauty and the Beast and various contributions to Disney, O'Hara was honored with a Disney Legends award on August 19, 2011. Disney hired Spanish actress Penélope Cruz to pose as Belle in photographer Annie Leibovitz's Disney Dream Portrait Series, while actor Jeff Bridges posed as the Beast. The Daily Mail described the image as Cruz "wearing Belle's gorgeous yellow gown and being lifted high into the air by her prince," accompanied by the phrase "Where a moment of beauty lasts forever."
- "Still the Belle of the Ball". D23. January 12, 2012. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Noyer, Jérémie (October 11, 2010). "Beauty And The Beast: Glen Keane on discovering the beauty in The Beast". Animated Views. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Clarke, James (2012). Animated Films - Virgin Film. United States: Random House. ISBN 9781448132812. Retrieved June 17, 2013 – via Google Docs.
- Taylor, Drew (January 12, 2012). "Review: 'Beauty and the Beast 3D' Is The Same Great Movie, With Some Added 3D Charm". Indiewire. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Galindo, Brian (July 15, 2013). "30 Things You Might Not Know About "Beauty And The Beast"". BuzzFeed. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- Susman, Gary (November 15, 2011). "25 Things You Didn't Know About 'Beauty and the Beast'". Moviefone. Archived from the original on November 30, 2015. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- Willstein, Paul (November 22, 1991). "`Beauty's' Story Was A Beast For Disney". The Morning Call. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
- Korkis, Jim (February 13, 2013). "Evolution of the Disney Princesses". MousePlanet.com. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- McGovern, Joe (May 26, 2016). "Linda Woolverton, the $3 billion Alice and Beauty and the Beast screenwriter, remembers a Belle battle". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
- Cronin, Brian (May 2, 2016). "Was Disney's Beauty and the Beast Re-Tooled Because Belle Wasn't Enough of a Feminist?". The Huffingon Post. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Huver, Scott (May 30, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D" Gives Original Star Paige O'Hara a Whole New Perspective". NBC Chicago. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Dutka, Elaine (January 19, 1992). "Movies : Ms. Beauty and the Beast : Writer of Disney Hit Explains Her 'Woman of the '90s'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- Ames, Katrine; Ansen, David (November 17, 1991). "Just The Way Walt Made 'Em". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- Rothman, Lily (May 30, 2014). "The Same Woman Wrote Maleficent and Beauty and the Beast—Here's How They're Linked". Time. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Berman, Eliza (May 23, 2016). "How Beauty and the Beast's Screenwriter Shaped Disney's First Feminist Princess". Time. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- Dutka, Elaine (January 25, 1992). "'Beauty And Beast' Writer Is As Feisty As Her Heroine". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- Goldstein, Jessica (June 7, 2012). "'Beauty and the Beast' gets a budget-friendly makeover". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 2, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- Atkinson, S. (May 28, 2016). "The One Thing 'Beauty And The Beast' Fans Probably Don't Know About The Creation Of Belle". Bustle. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Giardina, Carolyn (May 10, 2016). "Cast and Filmmakers Recall Making of 'Beauty and the Beast' at 25th Anniversary Screening". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- "10 Things You Probably Never Knew About "Beauty and the Beast"". tooFab. May 10, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- Eagan, Daniel (2010). America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry. United Kingdom: A&C Black. pp. 808–809. ISBN 9780826429773.
- Omanski, Stephanie (December 17, 2014). "11 Evil Facts You Never Knew About Disney Villains". M. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- Cruise, Rachel (May 4, 2016). "'Beauty And The Beast' 2017 News: Original Disney Movie Was Retooled? What You Didn't Know About The First Film". Parent Herald. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Woerner, Meredith (August 8, 2013). "The Disney Characters You Never Saw". io9. Archived from the original on April 16, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (May 30, 2014). "Maleficent Writer Linda Woolverton on Adapting Fairy Tales for a New Generation". Indiewire. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Sampson, Wade (September 17, 2008). "Linda Woolverton and Belle". MousePlanet.com. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Losgar, Maxwell (May 27, 2016). "Your Burning Questions about Beauty and the Beast and The Lion King, Answered". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- Alcala, Eunice (June 1, 2016). "'BEAUTY AND THE BEAST' WRITER WANTS A STRONG BELLE – SOMEONE WHO DOESN'T ONLY SIT AND 'WAIT FOR HER PRINCE TO COME'". Inquisitr. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Keegan, Rebecca (May 29, 2016). "First Belle, now Alice: How screenwriter and headbanger Linda Woolverton is remaking Disney heroines for a feminist age". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
I’d say, ‘Belle is not baking a cake! She’s putting pins in a map of where she wants to go in her life
- Nicholson, Amy (January 13, 2012). "Meet Paige O'Hara: The Voice—And More—Of Disney's Smartest Heroine". Boxoffice. Archived from the original on December 21, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Klassen, Anna (November 13, 2013). "15 Things You Didn't Know About 'Beauty and the Beast'". Bustle. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Hischak, Thomas S. (2011). Disney Voice Actors: A Biographical Dictionary. United States: McFarland. p. 158. ISBN 978-0786462711. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Burch, Rob (August 6, 2013). "Disney 53: Beauty And The Beast". The Hollywood News. The Hollywood News. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Peppel, Sarah (October 1, 2010). "Personal Interview with Paige O'Hara or Belle of Beauty and the Beast". Genesis Moments. Genesis Framework. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
- Rusoff, Jane Wollman (November 22, 1992). "Beauty & The Bridge First She Charmed Us With Her Voice In Beauty And The Beast. Now Fort Lauderdale`s Paige O`hara Takes On A Very Different Role In A Film About Chappaquiddick". Sun-Sentinel. The Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Interview With Paige O'Hara, The Voice Of Belle In "Beauty and the Beast"". Disney Dreaming. Unrivaled Media Group, LLC. October 5, 2010. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Sands, Jez (October 25, 2010). "Beauty And The Beast: Paige O'Hara Interview". On the Box. OntheBox.com. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- Bean, Jason (April 21, 2013). "More than 20 years after 'Beauty and the Beast', Paige O'Hara still remembered as voice of Disney princess". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Stephens Media LLC. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Huver, Scott (September 20, 2016). "Beauty and the Beast's Animated Belle, Paige O'Hara Says Emma Watson's Casting Is 'Genius'". People. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Brodie, Anne (October 7, 2010). "Paige O'Hara talks giving Belle voice for Beauty and the Beast". Monsters and Critics. Monsters and Critics.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "The Voice of "Belle" Paints Her Tale" (PDF). WordPress. Disney. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
just sing something that you love.
- Benedictus, Leo (April 30, 2012). "How we made: Don Hahn and Paige O'Hara on Beauty and the Beast". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Cerasaro, Pat (January 25, 2012). "SPOTLIGHT ON BEAUTY & THE BEAST 3D: Paige O'Hara". Broadway World. Wisdom Digital Media. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- Stanek, Billy (November 4, 2011). "Dateline Disney: 1991". D23. Disney. Archived from the original on November 14, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- Edwards, Joyce (2013). "The Real Women Behind Disney Princesses". Yahoo! Movies. Yahoo! Canada Co. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- Abbay, Semein (January 13, 2012). "Gofobo Interview: Paige O'Hara (Belle) from Beauty & The Beast 3D". Gofobo. Entertainment Printing Services, LLC. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- Molina, Melissa (January 15, 2012). "Interview: Paige O'Hara On 'Beauty And The Beast 3D'". Shockya.com. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
- Greenberger, Robert (October 3, 2010). "Paige O'Hara, the voice of Belle, on being part of 'Beauty and the Beast'". ComicMix. ComicMix. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- Weatherford, Mike (January 15, 2012). "Belle still tolls for actress O'Hara". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Stephens Media LLC. Archived from the original on November 11, 2012. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
- Puchko, Kristy. "Paige O'Hara, Belle — Disney Princesses Then and Now". TheFW. TheFW. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Julie Nathanson Starring Roles". Behind the Voice Actors. Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "Belle". Behind The Voice Actors. Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
- "OVGuide". Online Video Guide. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- Holmes, Adam (July 14, 2017). "Wreck-It Ralph 2 Is Bringing The Original Disney Princesses Back". CinemaBlend. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- Gilsdorf, Ethan (June 16, 2012). "Pixar's new 'Brave' is fueled by girl power". The Boston Globe. The New York Times Company. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- Green, Stanley (2010). Hollywood Musicals Year by Year. Hollywood Musicals Year by Year. United States: Hal Leonard Corp. p. 286. ISBN 978-0881886108 – via Google Books.
- Beck, Jerry (December 31, 2014). "In Her Own Words: Linda Woolverton". Cartoon Research. Jerry Beck. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
- Tracy, Joe. "An Inside Look at the Original Beauty and the Beast". Digital Media FX. Digital Media FX. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
- Radloff, Jessica (May 10, 2016). "Disney's Beauty and the Beast 25th Anniversary: The Story Behind Belle's Ball Gown and More Secrets You Never Knew". Glamour. Condé Nast. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- Mallenbaum, Carly (May 10, 2016). "8 things you never knew about 'Beauty and the Beast'". USA Today. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- "Beauty and the Beast Facts". Magical Kingdoms. Magical Kingdoms. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
- Lytal, Cristy (February 22, 2009). "Animator James Baxter puts imagination in motion". The Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Chan, J (November 14, 2014). "Meet the Disney Animator Who Helped Create Some of Your Favorite Princesses: Mark Henn". Animation School Daily. Animation School Daily. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Noyer, Jérémie (January 8, 2010). "The Princess And The Frog's Supervising Animator Mark Henn – Part 2: The "Disney Decade"". Animated Views. Animated Views. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
- Ghez, Didier (2011). Walt's People: Talking Disney With the Artists Who Knew Him. United States: Xlibris Corporation. p. 570. ISBN 9781465368416.
- "Disney Artist Mark Henn – The Man Behind the Princesses". ArtInsights. ArtInsights. December 12, 2009. Archived from the original on January 23, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Epstein, Leonora (June 9, 2014). "57 Things You Never Knew About Disney Princesses". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
- Figueiredo, Rodney (October 5, 2002). "Beauty And The Beast: Platinum Edition". Animated Views. Animated Views. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Churchill, Alexandra. "50 Epic Things You Didn't Know About Disney Princesses". YourTango. Tango Media Corporation. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
- Panisello, Stephanie (July 25, 2016). "'Beauty and the Beast' Creatives Reflect on Disney Tale 25 Years Later". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
[M]arketing wanted everything pink and lavender, because that’s what every girl likes
- Shamsian, Jacob (July 26, 2016). "Belle's 'Beauty and the Beast' gown was supposed to look totally different". Business Insider. Business Insider Inc. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Shamsian, Jacob (July 26, 2016). "Belle's 'Beauty and the Beast' gown was supposed to look totally different". Insider. Business Insider Inc. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Nagi, Ariel (August 29, 2014). "15 Surprising Facts About Your Fave Disney Princesses". Seventeen. Hearst Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- Geraghty, Lincoln (2011). "Romance". Directory of World Cinema: American Hollywood, Volume 5. United States of America: Intellect Ltd. p. 232. ISBN 9781841504155. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Osmond, Andrew (2010). 100 Animated Feature Films. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 43–45. ISBN 9781844575633.
- Bell, Elizabeth; Lynda Haas; Laura Sells (1995). From Mouse to Mermaid: The Politics of Film, Gender, and Culture. Indiana University Press. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-253-20978-8. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- Solomon, Charles (December 31, 2001). "But It Was Big Enough Already". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- "The evolution of the Disney Princess". LehighValleyLive.com. PennLive LLC. October 21, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Blum, Matt (January 13, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D: Still a Great Film, and a Tangled Short, Too!". Wired.com. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Hayes, Sharon (2014). Sex, Love and Abuse: Discourses on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 15–17. ISBN 9781137008817.
- Griswold, Jerry (2004). The Meanings of "Beauty and the Beast": A Handbook. Canada: Broadview Press. p. 251. ISBN 9781551115634.
- England, Dawn Elizabeth; Descartes, Melissa; Collier-Meek, Melissa A. (February 10, 2011). "Gender Role Portrayal and the Disney Princesses" (PDF). St. Francis Xavier University. St. Francis Xavier University. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 24, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- Jeffords, Susan (1994). Hard Bodies: Hollywood Masculinity in the Reagan Era. United States: Rutgers University Press. pp. 150–155. ISBN 9780813520032.
- O'Connor, David (April 29, 2013). "Evolution of Disney princesses shows societal progress". The Statesman. Statesman Association Inc. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Buffam, Noelle (November 29, 2010). "The Tangled Evolution of the Disney Princess". The Script Lab. TSL Media Inc. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- "The Evolution of the Disney Princess". Girls in Capes. April 7, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- Welsh, Jennifer (April 1, 2011). "Disney Princes and Princesses Still Slaves to Some Stereotypes". LiveScience. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Steinkellner, Kit (November 11, 2014). "The evolution of the Disney princess–from dainty damsel to badass". HelloGiggles. HelloGiggles. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- Fox, Emily (September 18, 2012). "How Disney's princesses reflect the evolution of modern-day women". Daily Express. Northern and Shell Media Publications. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Nusair, David. "The Evolution of the Disney Princess". About.com. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Munro, Michelle (2014). "Evolution of The Disney Princess – Disney has made quite the transformation from innocent Snow white to Independent Anna". The Water Buffalo. Archived from the original on July 11, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- Mullins, Jenna (October 20, 2014). "53 Fascinating Facts You Probably Didn't Know About Disney Films". E!. Entertainment Television, LLC. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- Kelly, Aoife (January 1, 2015). "7 things you didn't now about Disney's 'Beauty and the Beast' princess Belle". Irish Independent. Independent.ie. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
- North, Jesse (December 22, 2011). "Beauty and the Beast Leading Lady Emily Behny on Her Hectic Wedding Day Audition". Broadway.com. Key Brand Entertainment. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- "'With her nose stuck in a book,' Belle is a kindred spirit". write meg!. October 14, 2010. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Trousdale, Gary (director); Wise, Kirk (director) (November 13, 1991). Beauty and the Beast (Film). Buena Vista Pictures.
- Knight, Andy (director) (November 11, 1997). Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas (Motion picture). United States: Buena Vista Home Entertainment.
- "Beauty and the Beast: Belle's Magical World". Disney.com. Disney. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- "Sing Me a Story with Belle". TV.com. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
- "Jodi Benson". Behind the Voice Actors. Behind the Voice Actors. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
- "Paige O'Hara". Behind the Voice Actors. Behind the Voice Actors. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
- Goldman, Eric (November 8, 2011). "Lost's Emilie de Ravin is Once Upon a Time's Belle". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Archived from the original on December 6, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Busis, Hillary (September 9, 2013). "Disney's 'Sofia the First' meets Princess Belle -- EXCLUSIVE CLIP". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly, Inc. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
- I - Ennodu Nee Irundhaal Video - A.R. Rahman - Vikram -Shankar (video). YouTube (in Tamil). Sony Music India. 3 February 2015. Event occurs at 0:12. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- "Shankar has taken technology to a totally different level in Ai" - PC Sreeram". Behindwoods.com. 22 June 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- "Vikram stuns everyone with beast get-up". The Times of India. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- Zuckerman, Esther (January 26, 2015). "Emma Watson will be Disney's new Belle in live-action musical 'Beauty and the Beast'". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly, Inc. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- Ford, Rebecca (March 16, 2015). "Disney's Live-Action 'Beauty and the Beast' Gets Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Dray, Kayleigh (November 3, 2016). "Emma Watson convinced Disney to give Beauty and the Beast a feminist makeover". Stylist. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- N'Duka, Amanda (May 7, 2017). "MTV Movie & TV Awards: 'Beauty And The Beast,' 'Stranger Things' and 'Get Out' & Among Winners". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Ramos, Dino-Ray (August 13, 2017). "Teen Choice Awards 2017 Winners: 'Wonder Woman', 'Beauty And The Beast', 'Riverdale' Among Honorees". Deadline Hollywood. enske Business Media, LLC. Archived from the original on August 14, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
- Travis, Ben (January 18, 2018). "Star Wars The Last Jedi and Thor Ragnarok Lead Empire Awards 2018 Nominations". Empire.com. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- Pedersen, Erik (26 February 2018). "Nickelodeon Unveils 2018 Kids' Choice Awards Nominations". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- McNary, Dave (15 March 2018). "'Black Panther,' 'Walking Dead' Rule Saturn Awards Nominations". Variety. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "Susan Egan, the Belle of Broadway, Talks About Her New CD". DIS Unplugged. Werner Technologies, LLC. November 15, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- Callaway, Tim (July 29, 2012). "Susan Egan: Belle, Meg, Glamour and Goop – Part 1". The Mouse Castle. The Mouse Castle. Retrieved February 9, 2013.
- "Susan Egan on her dirt-catching days as a Disney Princess and humble motherhood". Stage Rush. Stage Rush. October 25, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- Handelman, Jay (January 23, 2014). "Broadway's Belle celebrates musical theater in concert". Arts Sarasota. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
- "Beauty and the Beast". Playbill Vault. Playbill, Inc. Archived from the original on August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "Anneliese van der Pol Will Be Beauty and the Beast's Final Belle". Broadway.com. Broadway.com. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- Nesti, Robert (December 29, 2005). "Sarah Litzsinger: From Belle to Evita". Edge. EDGE Publications, Inc. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- Daniel Baker, C. (January 29, 2013). "Toni Braxton Decoded: "Family Values" Help Put Struggling Singer Back in Spotlight". Black Enterprise. Black Enterprise Magazine. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- "Braxton To Join Broadway's 'Aida'". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- "Toni Braxton Makes Broadway Debut As Belle In Disney's 'Beauty And The Beast'". Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. October 26, 1998. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- "Toni Braxton". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- Ehren, Christine (October 7, 1998). "Toni Braxton Premieres Beauty 's New Song, Oct. 7 On 'Rosie'". Playbill.com. Playbill, Inc. Archived from the original on July 26, 2013. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- Fitzharris, Dustin (April 24, 2012). "Toni Braxton Says 'I Heart You'". The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- Speers, W (October 27, 1998). "A Stalker Disrupts Toni Braxton's Broadway Stint". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia Media Network. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2013.
- "Toni Tells Her Troubles". Newsweek. The Newsweek LLC. April 30, 2000. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- "Toni Braxton Is Stalked By An Obsessed Fan". Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. November 16, 1998. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- "'Terrified' Broadway star stalked by obsessed fan". Daily Mail. Cengage Learning. October 27, 1998. Retrieved February 9, 2013.
- Hatza, George (October 27, 1998). "Another stalker targets Broadway's 'Beauty'". Reading Eagle. Reading Eagle Company. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Galindo, Brian (June 7, 2013). "27 Disney Movie Easter Eggs You May Have Seriously Never Noticed". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Square (2002-11-15). Kingdom Hearts. PlayStation 2. Square Electronic Arts.
- Birlew, Dan (2003). Kingdom Hearts Official Strategy Guide. BradyGames Publishing. ISBN 0-7440-0198-6.
- The New Adventures of Beauty and the Beast, Issue 1; story 2: Bothered, Page 14. Disney Comics, 1993.
"Maurice: You should be playing outside with the other children! // Belle: I'm having a much better time in King Arthur's Court! Sometimes I can see myself living in a castle surrounded by servants. I might even entertain the thought of a handsome prince... ...As long as he was gentle and kind... Not like those childish roughnecks in the square! Not one of them could even spell gallant! // Maurice: A day will come when those boys will look like knights in shining armor to you. // Belle: Never! I won't have anything to do with them. Men are such... such... // Maurice: Hear that, Pierre? According to my daughter there isn't an ounce of difference between us! // Pierre: Oink! // Belle: Well, I suppose there are some exceptions."
- Carbone, Gina (July 14, 2017). "'Wreck-It Ralph 2' Brings All of the Disney Princesses Together (With C-3PO)". Moviefone.
- Das, Linda (December 12, 2008). "Disney's Dames: As Sleeping Beauty turns 50, we reveal the stories behind Walt's heroines..." Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
Yet there's no question Disney has been responsible for creating some of the finest female leads.
- "The Evolution of Disney Princesses". Young Writers Society. Young Writers Society. March 16, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Salt, Limara (August 14, 2012). "The evolution of Disney princesses". Virgin Media. Virgin Media. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
[Ariel] became an instant favourite but also received mixed reviews from critics who noted that, although she's an explorer keen to escape the kingdom run by her strict father, she also gives up her family and home for a man. No such criticisms were thrown at Belle.
- Hinson, Hal (November 22, 1991). "Beauty and the Beast 3D". The Washington Post. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
- Hartl, John (November 22, 1991). "A Classic Feel Already – Voices, Visuals Fit Superbly In Disney's `Beast'". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Beauty And The Beast". Boxoffice. BoxOffice® Media, LLC. November 22, 1991. Archived from the original on November 24, 2014. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Punter, Jennie (January 13, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D: Disney classic gets added pop". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
- Cochrane, Emma. "Beauty And The Beast". Empire. Bauer Consumer Media. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- Ellingson, Annlee (January 12, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D". Paste. Paste Media Group. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Hunter, Stephen (November 22, 1991). "'BEAUTY and the BEAST' Stunning animation fills characters with life". The Baltimore Sun. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Beauty and the Beast". TV Guide. CBS Interactive Inc. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Bernardin, Marc (August 1, 2012). "Best Animated Movies Ever". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- Blauvelt, Christian (August 8, 2013). "Disney Animated Films: Best/Worst". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- Arkoff, Vicki. "Ultimate Guide to Disney Princess". TLC. Discovery Communications, LLC. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- Nusair, David. "Character Bios for Disney Princesses". About.com. About.com. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- Kaye, Don. "Beauty and the Beast (1991)". AllMovie. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- Seibert, Perry. "Beauty and the Beast (1991)". AllMovie. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- "Beauty and the Beast". Common Sense Media. Common Sense Media Inc. September 19, 2005. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Nusair, David. "Top 10 Animated Films of the 1990s". About.com. About.com. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Review: 'Beauty and the Beast'". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. December 31, 1990. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Whitty, Stephen (January 13, 2012). "Back to 'The Beast': Disney tinkers with an old favorite". The Star-Ledger. New Jersey On-Line LLC. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Russel, Candice (November 22, 1991). "Timeless Tale Taps Deep Emotions". Sun-Sentinel. Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- Atler, Ethan (January 13, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D: Tale as Bland as Time". Television Without Pity. Bravo Media LLC. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- Saraiya, Sonia (July 12, 2012). "A Feminist Guide to Disney Princesses". Jezebel. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Altmann, Anna E.; De Vos, Gail De (2001). Tales, Then and Now: More Folktales as Literary Fictions for Young Adults. United States: Libraries Unlimited. pp. 41–42. ISBN 9781563088315.
- Cargal, Timothy B. (2007). Hearing a Film, Seeing a Sermon: Preaching and Popular Movies. United States: Westminster John Knox Press. p. 44. ISBN 9780664236335.
- Mitchell, Claudia; Reid-Walsh, Jacqueline (2007). Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia. United States: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 484. ISBN 9780313084447.
- Frus, Phyllis; Williams, Christy (2010). Beyond Adaptation: Essays on Radical Transformations of Original Works. United States: McFarland. pp. 168–180. ISBN 9780786455782.
- Dickens, Faith. ""The Guy with the Problem": Reform Narrative in Disney's Beauty and the Beast". University of Central Florida. UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- "The Evolving Princess: The Progressive Feminism in Disney Films: Part Two – Beauty and the Beast". Flickering Myth. Flickering Myth. February 6, 2014. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Reagin, Nancy (2010). Twilight and History. United States: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 63–64. ISBN 9780470619780.
- Maher, Kathleen (November 29, 1991). "Beauty and the Beast". The Austin Chronicle. Austin Chronicle Corp. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Welikala, Judith; Emily Dugan (December 16, 2012). "How Walt Disney's women have grown up". The Independent. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- Teverson, Andrew (2013). Fairy Tale. United Kingdom: Routledge. p. 140. ISBN 9781134105700.
- "The most feminist characters in Disney". Stylist. Stylist. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Golembewski, Vanessa. "A Definitive Ranking Of Disney Princesses As Feminist Role Models". Refinery29. Refinery29. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Barone, Matt; Serafino, Jason; Scarano, Ross; Aquino, Tara (April 10, 2013). "The 50 Best Animated Movies of All Time". Complex. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Barone, Matt; Scarano, Ross (February 21, 2013). "100 Movies You Need to See Before You Die". Complex. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Giroux, Henry A. (1995). "Are Disney Movies Bad for Your Kids". Orange Coast. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- Saraiya, Sonia (July 10, 2012). "Ranked: Disney Princesses From Least To Most Feminist". Nerve.com. Nerve.com Inc. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
- Garis, Mary Grace (October 24, 2014). "From Snow White to Moana: The Evolution of the Adventurous Disney Princess". Bustle. Bustle.com. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Gilchrist, Todd (January 12, 2012). "Beauty And The Beast 3D". Boxoffice. Archived from the original on November 3, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- Wilken, Selina (November 8, 2011). "'Once Upon a Time' recruits 'Lost' alum for iconic role of Belle!". Hypable. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- "Beauty and the Beast's Leading Lady Hilary Maiberger on Why Belle is 'Not Your Average Disney Princess'". Broadway.com. October 12, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- Gonzales, Erica (May 24, 2016). "How Belle from 'Beauty and the Beast' became Disney's first feminist princess". Harper's Bazaar. Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- Ahlfield, Krisitine (December 4, 2011). "How children's movies have changed". Ethos Magazine. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- Terrill, Ashley (November 8, 2010). "Ladies, Leading – Linda Woolverton, Writer". Elle. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- Lowe, Lindsay (March 7, 2013). "Enough Feisty Princesses: Disney Needs an Introverted Heroine". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Bolokhova, Elina. "Best Animated Movies for Kids". Parenting. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Fallon, Kevin (June 1, 2014). "The 'Maleficent' Screenwriter Also Wrote 'The Lion King' and 'Beauty and the Beast'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- Solomon, Charles (June 26, 1998). "Animated Heroines Finally Get in Step With the Times". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Schmidt, Cathy (January 21, 2010). "Disney princesses are not the role models they appear to be". Daily Campus. The Daily Campus. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- Humphreys, Justin (November 4, 2010). "FILM- Fairest of Them All: Disney's Beauty, Paige O'Hara". The Hook. Better Publications LLC – The Hook. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- McGrath, Justine. "Our Official Ranking of the 10 Best Disney Princesses of All Time". Teen Vogue. Condé Nast Digital. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- Boone, John (May 12, 2014). "All of the Disney Princesses, Ranked". E!. Entertainment Television, LLC. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Breslaw, Anna (December 27, 2013). "The Definitive Ranking of Disney Princesses". Cosmopolitan. Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Rosa, Jelani Addams (May 7, 2014). "The Definitive Ranking Of Disney Princesses, From Distressed Damsels To Most Kickass". Seventeen. Hearst Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on January 21, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Madison III, Ira (October 27, 2014). "A Definitive Ranking Of Disney Princesses". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Leonora, Epstein (November 18, 2014). "Here Are The Most Popular Disney Princesses". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- M, Sofia (May 12, 2013). "Tale As Old As 1939: 10 Richest Disney Princesses Ever". TheRichest. TheRichest.com. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- "The Top 10 Disney Princesses at the Box Office". The Fiscal Times. The Fiscal Times. 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Dockterman, Eliana (April 29, 2014). "And the Most Popular Disney Princess Is…". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Morrissey, Tracie Egan (April 28, 2014). "Who Is the Most Popular Disney Princess on eBay?". Jezebel. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Gilchrist, Todd (January 12, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D". Boxoffice. BOXOFFICE Media, LLC. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "The 50 greatest heroes and the 50 greatest villains of all time 400 Nominated Characters" (PDF). American Film Institute. American Film Institute. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- McConnell, Liv (September 22, 2016). "13 things you never knew about Belle from 'Beauty and the Beast'". Revelist. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- Goldberg, Stephanie (June 22, 2012). "'Brave's' Merida and other animated heroines". CNN. Cable News Network. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- Best, Jessica (October 17, 2013). "Disney at 90: The 20 most iconic Disney characters". Daily Mirror. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- Gibron, Bill (August 19, 2014). "Disney's Best Heroes... and Villains". PopMatters. PopMatters Media, Inc. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
- McGrath, Kara (May 10, 2014). "The Most Stylish Disney Princesses: A Definitive Ranking". Bustle. Bustle.com. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Top Animated Hotties". UGO. IGN Entertainment. December 2, 2008. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Sanfiorenzo, Dimas (January 27, 2011). "The 25 Hottest Cartoon Women of All Time". Complex. Complex Media. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
- Popp, Emily (July 18, 2014). "All of the Disney Princesses' Wardrobes, Ranked". E!. Entertainment Television, LLC. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Karmali, Sarah (March 23, 2013). "Most Famous Dresses". Vogue. Archived from the original on February 16, 2015. Retrieved May 13, 2015.
- "New Beauty and the Beast trailer offers teasing glimpse of Emma Watson's Belle". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. May 23, 2016. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Epstein, Leonora (June 13, 2014). "A Definitive Ranking Of 72 Disney Princess Outfits". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
- Brandon, Emily (2014). "Every Disney Princess Outfit, Ranked". Official Disney Blogs. Disney.com. Archived from the original on December 15, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Best beauty looks in Disney". Stylist. Stylist. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Barrett, Annie (June 23, 2012). "Disney Princesses: Ranking Their Hairdos – and Don'ts!". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- "LINDA WOOLVERTON AND THE MAKING OF MALEFICENT". Interview. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
- Sara Munson Deats, Lagretta Tallent Lenker, ed. (1999). Aging and Identity: A Humanities Perspective. Praeger Publishers. p. 211. ISBN 9780275964795. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- "26th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (1998) – Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Female Performer in an Animated Feature Production". Annie Awards. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- Draskovic, Marina (August 19, 2011). "Joining the Prestigious Circle". D23. Disney. Archived from the original on January 31, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- Finn, Natalie (March 3, 2011). "Penélope Cruz Swept Away by a New Prince Charming". E!. Entertainment Television, LLC. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- "Annie Leibovitz's Latest Disney Ad Campaign (PHOTOS)". The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc. March 3, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Bull, Sarah (March 4, 2011). "Penelope Cruz is the Belle of the ball in stunning new Annie Leibovitz Disney Dream portrait". Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Sawas, George (March 3, 2011). "Disney Parks Unveils New Annie Leibovitz Disney Dream Portraits". Disney Parks Blog. Disney. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belle (Disney).|
- Belle at Disney.com