Belle Isle Aquarium

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Belle Isle Aquarium
Belle Isle Aquarium exterior.jpg
Date openedAugust 18, 1904;[1]
August 18, 2012 (reopened)
Location900 Inselruhe Avenue
Belle Isle Park
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates42°20′11.79″N 82°59′7.27″W / 42.3366083°N 82.9853528°W / 42.3366083; -82.9853528Coordinates: 42°20′11.79″N 82°59′7.27″W / 42.3366083°N 82.9853528°W / 42.3366083; -82.9853528
Floor space10,000 sq ft (930 m2)
No. of animals1500 (2005)[2]
No. of species146 (2005)[2]
Total volume of tanks32,000 US gal (120,000 l; 27,000 imp gal)[3]
Annual visitors113,000 (1995), 56,000 (2004)[4]

The Belle Isle Aquarium is a public aquarium located in Belle Isle Park in Detroit, Michigan. Designed by noted architects George D. Mason and Albert Kahn,[5] it opened on August 18, 1904, and was the oldest continually operating public aquarium in North America when it closed on April 3, 2005.[2] The aquarium reopened to the public on August 18, 2012, and is now run entirely by volunteers.[6] The 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) historic building features a single large gallery with an arched ceiling covered in green glass tile to evoke an underwater feeling.[1][7]

The aquarium was operated by the Detroit Zoological Society prior to the 2005 closure. It is currently operated by the Belle Isle Conservancy.


Postcard c.1940s

The Belle Isle Aquarium opened on 18 August 1904. According to the address given at the opening ceremony, when it opened it was the third largest aquarium in the world. When it opened it held a total of 65,007 US gallons (246,080 l) of water.[8]

The aquarium basement served as a speakeasy during Prohibition and later held large fish which no longer fit the Belle Isle Zoo's gallery tanks. Closed circuit television allowed remote viewing of these fish. The aquarium was slightly remodeled in the 1950s.

Attendance was on a declining trend in its final decade: 113,000 visitors toured the aquarium in 1995 and only 56,000 in 2004.[4]

On 14 January 2005, the city of Detroit announced that the aquarium would be closed to save $530,000 annually, with the staff being reassigned to the Detroit Zoo or the Belle Isle Zoo, and the fish transferred to other aquariums.[3] It was originally scheduled to close on March 1.[9] Although an extension was granted to the Friends of Belle Isle Aquarium to come up with a fund raising plan,[10] the aquarium was closed on April 3, 2005.[4]

On August 3, 2005, Detroit citizens voted to reopen the aquarium by an overwhelming margin (88% in favor, 12% opposed).[11] However, the vote was non-binding and the aquarium remained closed. In 2010, supporters of the aquarium were still trying to find donors to help defray the building's operating costs.[11]

Although the building was closed between 2005 and 2012, goldfish and koi from an outside pond were housed in the aquarium during the winter.[11] Each year in February, the aquarium opened for a day for the annual "Shiver on the River,"[11] a fund raising event to promote public support of Belle Isle non-profit groups including the Friends of Belle Isle Aquarium.[2]

On 14 August 2012, The Belle Isle Conservancy, a non-profit volunteer group established in 2011 from the merger of the Friends of Belle Isle Aquarium and other Belle Isle non-profit groups, announced the re-opening of the aquarium on a limited basis. The aquarium was reopened on 18 August 2012, the 108th anniversary of its opening.[citation needed] Since 15 September 2012 the volunteer-run aquarium has been open on Saturdays from 10:00 am – 3:00 pm.[12]


Interior of the aquarium, with its single green-tile curved ceiling gallery
Two rays at the Belle Isle Aquarium

When it was open, the aquarium had 60 exhibits with a total tank volume of 32,000 U.S. gallons (120,000 L; 27,000 imp gal),[3] and was home to over 1,500 fish of 146 species.[2] The aquarium largely featured freshwater species native to the Great Lakes region, but also had salt-water species from around the world. Currently the aquarium is operating with a limited collection of fish species, as volunteers are still working to restore the aquarium.

The aquarium made news in 2002 when one of its female white-spotted bamboo sharks gave birth to two young despite not having been near a male in six years, in a suspected rare case of parthenogenesis.[13]


The Belle Isle Aquarium participated in breeding programs for several endangered species.

The future[edit]

Volunteers are working to restore sixty of the aquarium's tanks, some of which have been open since the fall of 2012.


  1. ^ a b "History". Friends of Belle Isle Aquarium. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Belle Isle Aquarium". Detroit Army. Archived from the original on 30 April 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  3. ^ a b c "City To Close 100-Year-Old Belle Isle Aquarium". Click On Detroit. 14 January 2005. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  4. ^ a b c "It's Official! City Says Belle Isle Aquarium Will Close". Click On Detroit. 4 March 2005. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  5. ^ Burton, Clarence Monroe (1922). The City of Detroit, 1701 -1922, Volume 1. p. 416. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Belle Isle Aquarium To Reopen On August 18 In Celebration Of Her 108th Birthday" (PDF). Belle Isle Conservancy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  7. ^ "Palmer Woods Resolution". Friends of Belle Isle Aquarium. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  8. ^ "One of Best in the World". Detroit Free Press. 19 August 1904. Retrieved 14 January 2016 – via
  9. ^ "Supporters Fight To Keep Belle Isle Aquarium Afloat". Click On Detroit. 21 February 2005. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  10. ^ "Belle Isle Aquarium Keeps Doors Open, For Now". Click On Detroit. 23 February 2005. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  11. ^ a b c d "Friends of Belle Isle Aquarium". Friends of Belle Isle Aquarium. Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  12. ^ Satyanarayana, Megha (September 16, 2012). "A landmark reborn: Belle Isle Aquarium reopens to thousands". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  13. ^ Mayell, Hillary (September 26, 2002). "Shark Gives "Virgin Birth" in Detroit". National Geographic News. Retrieved 14 May 2010.

External links[edit]